Niedenstein is a small town and an officially recognized climatic spa in the Schwalm-Eder district in northern Hesse, Germany.
Coat of arms
|Coordinates: 51°14′N 09°19′E|
|• Mayor||Werner Lange (SPD)|
|• Total||30.61 km2 (11.82 sq mi)|
|Elevation||337 m (1,106 ft)|
|• Density||170/km2 (450/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||05624 / 05603|
Niedenstein's main settlement lies to the southeast of the Habichtswald Nature Park, right on the western slope of the Langenberge, a low mountain range reaching 557 m. The nearest city is Kassel, about 15 km to the northeast.
In the north, Niedenstein abuts Schauenburg, in the east beyond the Langenberge it adjoins Baunatal and Edermünde, and in the southeast its constituent community of Metze on Gudensberg. In the south, the constituent community of Kirchberg, through which flows the river Ems, borders on Fritzlar, whose main town lies about 11 km away from Niedenstein. In the west, Niedenstein borders on Bad Emstal.
The town has five centres. Besides the main town, also called Niedenstein, there are Ermetheis, Metze (about 1000 inhabitants), Kirchberg (about 900 inhabitants) and Wichdorf.
Niedenstein Castle had its first documentary mention in 1254.
Niedenstein's town council is made up of 23 members.
(as of municipal elections held on 26 March 2006)
Culture and sightseeing
Niedenstein is home to the Heimatmuseum Kirchberg ("Kirchberg Homeland Museum")
- Evangelical Village Church
- Altenburg; a settlement built up on a basalt crag, once a pre-Germanic castle village that was forsaken even before the Christian Era, making its earlier identification with the Chatti's capital Mattium unfounded. There are many archaeological finds on show from the Altenburg at the Hessian State Museum in Kassel.
- Niedensteiner Kopf (475 m above sea level)
- Tanz- und Gerichtslinde ("Dance and Court Linden", on the way out of town to the west)
- Jürgen Schweinebraden, Freiherr von Wichmann-Eichhorn, gallery owner and publisher