Nicholas Woodfen born Nicholas Wheeler (1550 - 21 January 1586), also known as Nicholas Devereux, was an English Roman Catholic priest who was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn, London on 21 January 1586. He is considered a Catholic martyr and one of the Eighty-five martyrs of England and Wales who were executed between 1584 and 1679. He was beatified on 22 November 1987 by Pope John Paul II.
|Born||ca. 1550, Leominster, Herefordshire|
|Died||21 January 1586 35–36), Tyburn, Middlesex(aged|
|Means of martyrdom||Hanged, drawn and quartered|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||22 November 1987, by Pope John Paul II|
Early life, education and death
Wheeler probably arrived at the English College at Douai, in April 1577, and when the college relocated to Rheims in 1579, he adopted the surname of Woodfen. Woodfen was ordained by the Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne on 25 March 1581. He returned to England the following June as a missionary at the Inns of Court in London. He was arrested for high treason and indicted under the name Nicholas Devereux under 27 Eliz. c 2. He was hung, drawn and quartered on 21 January 1586 at Tyburn in London, along with Edward Stransham for being a priest and his missionary work.
Veneration and beatification
Woodfen was venerated on 10 November 1986 by Pope John Paul II and beatified on 22 November 1987 also by Pope John Paul II.
- Wainewright, JohnBannerman. "Venerable Nicholas Woodfen", Lives of the English Martyrs, (Edwin H. Burton and J. H. Pollen eds.), London. Longmans, Green and Co., 1914
- "Alban Roe & Nicholas Woodfen - English Martyrs". St. Austin Review. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- Challoner, Richard (2012). Memoirs of Missionary Priests and Other Catholics of Both Sexes That Have Suffered Death in England on Religious Accounts from the Year 1577 to 1684. Nabu Press. pp. 112–113. ISBN 1-173-76630-8. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Blessed Nicholas Woodfen". Saints.SQPN.com. Retrieved 2012-07-08.