Ni (kana)

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. The hiragana is written in three strokes, while the katakana in two. Both represent /ni/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [nʲi].

ni
transliterationni
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana日本のニ (Nippon no ni)

Notably, the katakana (ニ) is functionally identical to the kanji for two (二), pronounced the same way, and written similarly.

に is used as a particle, as well as a word fragment. As a particle it generally expresses direction, with a similar function to the English 'to'.

i.e. Ton wa, Furansu "ni" ikimashita. Ton went "to" France.

Pan wa, Ton "ni" agemashita. Bread was given "to" Ton.

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal n-
(な行 na-gyō)
ni
nii
にい, にぃ
にー
ニイ, ニィ
ニー
Addition yōon ny-
(にゃ行 nya-gyō)
nya にゃ ニャ
nyaa
nyā, nyah
にゃあ
にゃー
ニャア
ニャー
nyu にゅ ニュ
nyuu
nyū
にゅう
にゅー
ニュウ
ニュー
nyo にょ ニョ
nyou
nyoo
nyō, nyoh
にょう
にょお
にょー
ニョウ
ニョオ
ニョー
Other additional forms
Form (ny-)
Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
(nya) (にゃ) (ニャ)
(nyi) (にぃ) (ニィ)
(nyu) (にゅ) (ニュ)
nye にぇ ニェ
(nyo) (にょ) (ニョ)

Stroke order

The hiragana に is made with three strokes:

  1. A vertical stroke from top to bottom.
  2. A short, horizontal stroke to the upper right of the first stroke, going from left to right.
  3. Another short, horizontal stroke at the bottom right of the first stroke, going from left to right.

The katakana ニ is made with two strokes:

  1. At the top, a horizontal stroke from left to right.
  2. Another, longer horizontal stroke under the first stroke

Other representations

Character
Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER NIKATAKANA LETTER NIHALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER NI
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode12395U+306B12491U+30CB65414U+FF86
UTF-8227 129 171E3 81 AB227 131 139E3 83 8B239 190 134EF BE 86
Numeric character referenceににニニニニ
Shift JIS130 20182 C9131 10683 6A198C6
  • Braille
に / ニ in Japanese BrailleN + Yōon braille
に / ニ
ni
にい / ニー
にゃ / ニャ
nya
にゃあ / ニャー
nyā
にゅ / ニュ
nyu
にゅう / ニュー
nyū
にょ / ニョ
nyo
にょう / ニョー
nyō

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