Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Coat of arms
Location of Nièvre in France
|Coordinates: 47°05′N 03°30′E|
|• President of the General Council||Marcel Charmant|
|• Total||6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi)|
|• Density||31/km2 (79/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².|
Nièvre is part of the current region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, although historically it was not part of the province of Burgundy. It is surrounded by the departments of Yonne, Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, Allier, Cher, and Loiret. The department is crossed by the river Loire, the longest river in France.
Nièvre is a rural department with about 33 inhabitants per km². The main cities are Nevers, Cosne-sur-Loire, Varennes-Vauzelles, Marzy, Decize, Imphy, Clamecy and La Charité. Only two cities reach 10 000 inhabitants. It indicates the characteristic of the department, which is predominantly rural.
Population development since 1801:
Nièvre is also well known for its white wine, Pouilly Fumé. The vineyards are scattered around villages including Pouilly-Sur-Loire, which lends its name to the appellation, Tracy sur Loire, Boisgibault, Saint Andelain. The word fumé is French for "smoky", and it is said the name comes from the smoky or flinty quality of these wines. The only grape allowed in the Pouilly-Fumé AC is Sauvignon blanc, which produces wines that are generally crisp, tart, and somewhat grassy.
In common with most French wine-producing departments, Nièvre is traditionally a left-wing department. The results of the second round of voting in presidential elections reflect this consistently:
- In the 2007 presidential election, Ségolène Royal received 52.91% of the department's votes, as against a national per centage of just 46.94%.
- In the 1995 presidential election, Lionel Jospin received 57.07% of the department's votes, as against a national per centage of just 47.36%.
- In the 1981 presidential election, François Mitterrand received 62.91% of the department's votes, as against a national per centage of 51.76%.
Nièvre's best-known political representative was François Mitterrand who served as a senator and a deputy for the department, and as mayor of Château-Chinon for 22 years before his election to the presidency in 1981.
The Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours hosted the Formula One French Grand Prix from 1991 to 2008, the Bol d'Or from 2000 to 2014, and the French round of the Superbike World Championship since 2003. USO Nevers is a professional rugby team that plays in Rugby Pro D2.
- "A Guide to the Departments of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté - New Regions". frenchentree.com. 13 October 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "NIEVRE : map, cities and data of the departement of Nièvre 58". www.map-france.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
- "Pouilly-Fumé". www.pouilly-fume.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "History of Burgundy, Famous Names". www.burgundytoday.com. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nièvre.|
- (in French) Prefecture website
- (in French) General council website
- (in English) Nievre at Curlie
- Official website of the Departmental Touristic Agency of Nièvre in Burgundy