Ngarti

The Ngarti, also spelled Ngardi, are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory and Western Australia.

Name

Arthur Capell took the term Ngardi to refer, not to a distinct tribe, but to a branch of the Warlpiri, a point contested by Norman Tindale, who maintained they were distinct.[1]

Country

In Norman Tindale's calculations, the Ngarti's tribal territory stretched over approximately 25,000 square miles (65,000 km2), covering the sandhill country west of the Tanami track, extending from Chilla Well, the Granites, and Gardiner Range over the border into Western Australia at Ima Ima. They were present at Sturt Creek, and the Pallottine Mission area at Balgo Hill. Their southern extension, he adds, went as far as across the mulga scrubland to Milidjipi and Tekkari north of Lake Mackay.[2]

Alternative names

  • Ngadi
  • Ngari
  • Panara. (general term for grass seed winnowing tribes like the Ngarti)
  • Bunara, Boonara
  • Waiangara
  • Kolo. (Pintubi exonym)
  • Waiangari. (Ngalia exonym)
  • Waingara,Waiangadi
  • Waringari. Warangari. (Warlpiri pejorative for the Ngarti)
  • Kukuruba. (Ngalia exonym)
  • Woneiga, Wanayaga
  • Puruwantung, Buruwatung
  • Manggai (toponym)
  • Munga. (?) (cited by R. H. Mathews)
  • Walmala. (pejorative)
  • Wommana[1]

Notes

    Citations

    1. Tindale 1974, p. 234.
    2. Tindale 1974, pp. 233–234.

    Sources

    • Capell, Arthur (June 1940). "The Classification of Languages in North and North-West Australia (Continued)". Oceania. 4 (4): 404–433. JSTOR 40327866.
    • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Ngardi (NT)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.
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