Next United Kingdom general election
The Next United Kingdom general election is by default scheduled to be held on Thursday 2 May 2024, in line with the Fixed-term Parliament Act. It will elect the next Parliament of the United Kingdom.
All seats in the House of Commons, currently 650, will be contested
326 seats needed for a majority
|2015 election • MPs|
|2017 election • MPs|
|2019 election • MPs|
Changes to the electoral system were official party policy of various parties competing in the 2019 election. These included electoral reform towards a more proportional system being party policy for the Scottish National Party, the Liberal Democrats and several smaller parties, and an extension of the franchise to all UK residents being current Labour Party policy.
The postponed Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies proposed reducing the number of constituencies from 650 to 600. In April 2016, each of the four parliamentary Boundary Commissions of the United Kingdom recommenced their review process. A projection by psephologists Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher of how the 2017 votes would have translated to seats under the new boundaries suggested the changes would be beneficial to the Conservative Party and detrimental to Labour.
Boundary changes cannot be implemented until they are approved by both Houses of Parliament. No changes were submitted by the government during the 2017–2019 Parliament. The majority Conservative government manifesto states that this will be implemented before the next Election.
Proposed repeal of the Fixed Term Parliament Act
The Conservative Party manifesto at the 2017 general election proposed repealing the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011. However, Theresa May's government failed to win a House of Commons majority at that election and did not attempt to repeal the act.
At the 2019 UK General Election, where the Conservatives won a strong majority of 80 seats, the manifesto of the party contained a commitment to repeal the Fixed Terms Parliament Act due to "paralysis at a time when the country has needed decisive action".
However, repealing the act would be problematic as the FTPA has repealed all previous legislation in relation to limited term parliaments, meaning that further legislation would be required to set out how long parliaments should last for.
Date of the election
The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (FTPA) introduced fixed-term parliaments to the United Kingdom, with elections scheduled on the first Thursday in May of the fifth year after the previous general election, unless the previous general election took place between 1 January and the first Thursday in May, in which case the election takes place on the first Thursday in May of the fourth year after the previous general election.
Removing the power of the monarch, on advice of the prime minister, to dissolve parliament before its five-year maximum length, the act permits early dissolution if the House of Commons votes by a two-thirds supermajority. Parliament is also dissolved if a government loses a vote of no confidence by a simple majority and a new government is not formed within 14 days. Alternatively, a bill requiring just a simple majority in both Houses could be introduced to establish in law an earlier date for the election, which is how the date of the previous general election was set in 2019.
Thus, the next general election is due to take place on Thursday 2 May 2024, unless it is triggered earlier. Under the Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013 parliament would be dissolved 25 working days before this date on Monday 26 March 2024. Under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act, the Prime Minister may schedule polling day up to two months after 2 May 2024, subject to approval by both Houses.
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