Next Turkish parliamentary election

The next Turkish parliamentary election is scheduled to occur on or before 18 June 2023, alongside a presidential election on the same day. Voters from 87 electoral districts will elect 600 Members of Parliament to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey for a five year term, forming the country's 28th Parliament.

Next Turkish parliamentary election

On or before 18 June 2023

All 600 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
301 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Naci Bostancı[1] Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu Sezai Temelli
Pervin Buldan
Party AK Party CHP HDP
Alliance People's Alliance Nation Alliance None[lower-alpha 1]
Leader since 7 July 2018 22 May 2010 11 February 2018
Leader's seat Ankara (III) İzmir (II) Vanİstanbul (III)
Last election 295 seats, 42.56% 146 seats, 22.65% 67 seats, 11.70%
Seats before 290 139 62

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Leader Devlet Bahçeli Meral Akşener
Party MHP İYİ
Alliance People's Alliance Nation Alliance
Leader since 6 July 1997 25 October 2017
Leader's seat Osmaniye None
Last election 49 seats, 11.10% 43 seats, 9.96%
Seats before 49 39

Elected Speaker

TBD

Electoral system

The 600 members of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey will be elected by party-list proportional representation in 87 electoral districts, by the D'Hondt method. For the purpose of legislative elections, 77 of Turkey's 81 provinces serves as a single district. Due to their large populations, the provinces of Bursa and İzmir are divided into two districts, while the provinces of Ankara and İstanbul are each divided into three.

Since the introduction of Turkey's Constitution of 1982, political parties are required to pass an electoral threshold of 10% of the nationwide popular vote in order to obtain seats in parliament, with all those falling below the threshold disregarded for seat distribution purposes. Furthermore, parties must be officially organised in at least half of provinces (41 or more) and in at least a third of districts in those provinces, and must nominate two candidates in 41 or more provinces, in order to be entitled to seats.

Electoral threshold

Parties are subject to a 10% threshold, which does not apply for independent candidates. Parties can opt to contest the election in an alliance with other parties, removing the 10% requirement as long as the alliance as a whole wins more than 10% of the vote in total.

The 2018 new electoral alliances law allowed parties to form alliances and submit them to the YSK, meaning that they would be grouped together under their alliance name on the ballot paper. In addition, voters would be given the option to vote for the alliance as a whole if they did not prefer a specific party. Votes cast for alliances rather than parties would then be distributed to each member party of the alliance at electoral district-level depending on their vote shares. For example, if Party A and Party B were in an alliance and received 60 and 40 votes in an electoral district respectively, then 60% of votes cast for the alliance as a whole would be given to Party A while 40% would be given to Party B. Thus, if 10 votes were cast for the alliance, Party A would have a total of 66 (60+6) votes and Party B would have 44 (40+4) votes.

Electoral districts

DistrictMPs
Adana15
Adıyaman5
Afyonkarahisar6
Ağrı4
Aksaray4
Amasya3
Ankara36
Ankara (I)13
Ankara (II)11
Ankara (III)12
Antalya16
Ardahan2
Artvin2
Aydın8
 
DistrictMPs
Balıkesir9
Bartın2
Batman5
Bayburt1
Bilecik2
Bingöl3
Bitlis3
Bolu3
Burdur3
Bursa20
Bursa (I)10
Bursa (II)10
Çanakkale4
Çankırı2
 
DistrictMPs
Çorum4
Denizli8
Diyarbakır12
Düzce3
Edirne4
Elazığ5
Erzincan2
Erzurum6
Eskişehir7
Gaziantep14
Giresun4
Gümüşhane2
Hakkâri3
Hatay11
 
DistrictMPs
Iğdır2
Isparta4
İstanbul98
İstanbul (I)35
İstanbul (II)28
İstanbul (III)35
İzmir28
İzmir (I)14
İzmir (II)14
Kahramanmaraş8
Kars3
Kastamonu3
Karabük3
 
DistrictMPs
Karaman3
Kayseri10
Kilis2
Kırklareli3
Kırıkkale3
Kırşehir2
Kocaeli13
Konya15
Kütahya5
Malatya6
Manisa10
Mardin6
Mersin13
 
DistrictMPs
Muğla7
Muş4
Nevşehir3
Niğde3
Ordu6
Osmaniye4
Rize3
Sakarya7
Samsun9
Siirt3
Sinop2
Sivas5
Şanlıurfa14
 
DistrictMPs
Şırnak4
Tekirdağ7
Tokat5
Trabzon6
Tunceli2
Uşak3
Van8
Yalova3
Yozgat4
Zonguldak5
Total600

Opinion polls

References

  1. Supported by the left-wing political parties and groups of the HDK
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