Next Japanese general election
The 49th general election of members of the House of Representatives (Japanese: 第49回衆議院議員総選挙 Hepburn: dai-yonjūkyūkai Shūgiin giin sōsenkyo) is scheduled on or before 22 October 2021, as required by the Constitution of Japan. Voting will take place in all Representatives constituencies of Japan including proportional blocks, in order to appoint Members of Diet to seats in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. As the cabinet has to resign after a general House of Representatives election in the first post-election Diet session (Constitution, Article 70), the lower house election will also lead to a new designation election of the Prime Minister in the Diet, and the appointment of a new cabinet (even if the same ministers are re-appointed).
All 465 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan
233 seats needed for a majority
Parliamentary districts not including proportional blocks
Under the post-occupation interpretation of Article 7 of the Constitution, the cabinet may instruct the Emperor to dissolve the House of Representatives before the end of term at will. Elections must be held within 40 days after dissolution.
The only time in postwar history that the House of Representatives was not dissolved before the end of its term was in 1976. If the House of Representatives completes a full four-year term, the election must be held within 30 days before that.
|Liberal Democratic Party|
Jiyūminshutō・mushozoku no kai
(lit. "Liberal Democratic Party/Association of Independents")
|The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan, Democratic Party For the People, The Reviewing Group on Social Security Policy, and the Independent|
("Constitutional Democratic/People's/Soc[ial]-Sec[urity]/Independent Forum")
|CDP, DPFP, SDP, independents||120|
|Japanese Communist Party|
|Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party)|
Nippon Ishin no Kai
|The Party of Hope|
Kibō no Tō
Members not affiliated with a parliamentary group/non-inscrits
|LDP (Speaker), CDP (Vice-Speaker), N-Koku, independents||6|
- House of Representatives: Strength of the In-House Groups in the House of Representatives (Japanese original which is updated more frequently and also contains lists of individual members for each group), retrieved 16 October, 2019.