New Zealand Shipping Company
|Products||Passenger and Cargo Shipping|
A group of Christchurch businessmen, including Hugh Murray-Aynsley and John Coster, founded the company in 1873. There were seven initial directors, including George Gould Snr., Coster, John Thomas Peacock, William Reeves, and John Anderson. The company gradually established a fleet of vessels, using Māori names for each. From 1875 the livery consisted of black hulls, white superstructure and yellow funnels.
Company policy dictated a stop at Pitcairn Islands, in the Pacific, to break the monotony of the ocean crossing.
Federal Steam Navigation Company
In 1912, an agreement was reached whereby the Federal Steam Navigation Company was absorbed into the New Zealand Shipping Company, but the Federal Steam Navigation ships would retain their distinctive house flag, and continue to be named after English counties, thereby retaining their individual identities. The Federal Steam Navigation Company was registered in England for tax purposes, whereas the New Zealand Shipping Company continued to be registered in New Zealand.
The services of both companies were absorbed into the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O) in 1973 after exactly 100 years of service.
NZSC operated a number of ships, some purpose built, others acquired from other operators by purchase, lease or charter.
|Ship||Type||Date launched||Date acquired||Date disposed||Fate/ next assignment|
|Aorangi||Reefer/passenger liner||1883||1914||Scrapped 1925|
|British King||cargo/passenger ship||1881||chartered 1882||1884||Scuttled at Port Arthur 1904|
|Coptic||cargo/passenger ship||1881||chartered 1883||1884||Scrapped 1926|
|Doric||cargo/passenger ship||1883||chartered 1883||1884||Wrecked 1911|
|Fenstanton||steamship||1882||chartered 1883||1884||Grounded and wrecked|
|Hurunin||cargo/passenger ship||1875||Collided and sank the Waitara in 1883|
|Ionic||cargo/passenger ship||1883||chartered 1883||1884||Scrapped 1908|
|Kaikoura (1)||cargo/passenger ship||1884||1899||Sold to British-India Steam Navigation Company|
|Kaikoura (2)||Reefer/passenger ship||1903|
|Mataura (1)||barque||1868||1874 (former Dunfinnan)||1894||Sold and renamed Alida. Wrecked 1900|
|Mataura (2)||Reefer/passenger ship||1896||1898||Wrecked in the Strait of Magellan 12 January 1898|
|Otaki (1)||Reefer/passenger liner||1908||1917||Sunk by the German raider SMS Möwe 10 March 1917|
|Otaki (2)||Reefer/passenger liner||1934||Sold to Clan Line and renamed Clan Robertson|
|Paparoa||Reefer/passenger ship||1899||17 March 1926 caught fire and sank in the Indian Ocean|
|Piako (1)||clipper||1877||Sold, lost 1900|
|Piako (2)||Reefer||1920||1920 (former War Orestes)||1941||Torpedoed and sunk 18 May 1941 by U-107|
|Piako (3)||Reefer/passenger ship||1961||1962||1979||Sold to Blue Ocean Compania Maritima SA. Scrapped 1984|
|Rakaia||cargo/passenger ship||30 December 1944||1946 (former Empire Abercorn)||1971||Scrapped|
|Rangitane (1)||diesel passenger liner||27 May 1929||December 1929||1940||Sunk by enemy 26 November 1940|
|Rangitane (2)||diesel passenger liner||30 June 1949||15 December 1949||May 1968||Sold to CY Tung, Scrapped Taiwan, 1976|
|Rangitata||diesel passenger liner||26 March 1929||1929||1962||Scrapped|
|Rangitiki||diesel passenger liner||1929||1929||1962||Scrapped|
|Rangitoto||diesel passenger liner||12 June 1949||25 August 1949||August 1969||Sold to CY Tung, Scrapped Hong Kong, 1976|
|Remuera (1)||passenger steamer||1911||1940||Sunk by aerial torpedo 26 August 1940|
|Remuera (2)||cargo/passenger liner||1947||1961 (former Parthia)||1964||Sold to Eastern & Australia Steamship Company.|
|Rimutaka (2)||Reefer/passenger ship||1901|
|Rimutaka (3)||passenger steamer||1922||1938 (former Mongolia)||1950||Sold to Incres Shipping Company|
|Rotorua (1)||passenger steamer||1910||1917||Torpedoed and sunk 22 March 1917 by UC-17|
|Rotorua (2)||cargo/passenger ship||1911||1936 (former Shropshire)||1940||Torpedoed and sunk 11 December 1940 by U-96|
|Ruahine (2)||1909||1949||Sailed under Italian flag; scrapped 1957|
|Ruahine (3)||diesel passenger liner||1951||1968||Sailed under Hong Kong flag; scrapped 1974|
|Ruapehu (10)||passenger and refrigerated cargo ship||1901||Sold to be broken up on 5 August 1931|
|Stad Haarlem||cargo/passenger ship||1875||leased 1879|
|Tongariro||passenger cargo vessel||1883||1883||1899||Sold to British-India Steam Navigation Company|
|Turakina (1)||Reefer/passenger ship||1902|
|Waitara||cargo/passenger ship||1863||1883||Wrecked following a collision with Hurunin|
|Warrimoo||passenger||1892||1899||1901||Sold to Union Steamship company|
During World War II, Rangitata operated as a troopship, returning to civilian service by 1949.
- "Obituary". The Press. LIII (15833). 23 February 1917. p. 3. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- "Obituary". The Star (5804). 18 December 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "Commercial". Lyttelton Times. XXXIX (3748). 25 January 1873. p. 2. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
- "M V Rangitata". Archived from the original on 17 June 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
- Otago Daily Times , Issue 6577, 14 March 1883, Page 4
- "Collision And Loss Of 27 Lives". The Cornishman (258). 28 June 1883.
- Cyclopaedia of New Zealand, 1906
- Press, Canterbury, NZ, 29 January 1898
- The Fleet 1840–2010 by Elspeth Mills, 2004, ISBN 978-0-9542451-8-4