New Market, Virginia
New Market is a town in Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States. Founded as a small crossroads town between the north south U.S. 11 and the east west U.S. 211, which crosses Massanutten Mountain at the town's titular gap, New Market remains a small town with a population of 2,146 as of the most recent 2010 U.S. census. New Market is home to the New Market Shockers of the Rockingham County Baseball League, the New Market Rebels of the Valley Baseball League, the Schultz Theatre and School of Performing Arts, and the Shenvalee golf Course. Most notably the town was the location of the last major Confederate victory in the American Civil War.
New Market, Virginia
Downtown New Market
|Coordinates: 38°38′40″N 78°40′24″W|
|• Total||2.03 sq mi (5.3 km2)|
|• Land||2.02 sq mi (5.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||1,053 ft (321 m)|
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (410/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1497040|
|Website||Town of New Market|
On Friday, June 13, 1862, New Market was the site of a skirmish in the American Civil War between a small Union Army and a small Confederate Army.
On May 15, 1864, New Market was the site of the Battle of New Market - a battle in the Valley Campaigns of 1864 in the American Civil War. Students from the Virginia Military Institute fought alongside the Confederate Army and forced Union General Franz Sigel and his army out of the Shenandoah Valley. Every year VMI cadets commemorate the 85-mile march from Lexington to New Market done by the cadets in 1864 which ended in their victorious charge at the Battle of New Market.
New Market is located at 38°38′40″N 78°40′24″W (38.644472, −78.673403).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km²), all land.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, New Market has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
A number of schools are located in and around New Market including within New Market, Shenandoah Valley Academy and Shenandoah Valley Adventist Elementary School. Also located near New Market are Stonewall Jackson High School and Massanutten Military Academy, as well as a number of primary schools.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 1,637 people, 737 households, and 431 families resided in the town. The population density was 819.6 people per square mile (316.0/km²). There were 808 housing units at an average density of 404.6 per square mile (156.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.77% White, 1.10% Black, 0.67% Asian, 3.97% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.96% of the population.
Of the 737 households, 22.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.4% were not families. About 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.72.
In the town, the population was distributed as 18.4% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,365, and the median income for a family was $48,036. Males had a median income of $29,750 versus $23,462 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,480. About 7.6% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
The main highway providing access to New Market is Interstate 81. Within the town limits, I-81 has a junction with U.S. Route 211 and Virginia State Route 211, which head east to Luray and west to Timberville, respectively. U.S. Route 11 also passes through New Market, serving as a local service road to I-81.
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 28, 2019.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 15, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "New Market, Virginia Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
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