The Neustrashimy class (Russian: Неустрашимый, alternate English spelling Neustrashimyy), Soviet designation Project 11540 Yastreb (hawk), is a series of large frigates built for the Soviet Navy and currently in service with the Russian Navy. Seven ships were planned for the Soviet Navy, but the fall of the Soviet Union disrupted those plans. Two ships were completed, both currently in active service with the Russian Baltic Fleet.
Russian frigate Neustrashimy
|Builders:||Yantar Shipyard, Kaliningrad|
|Preceded by:||Krivak class|
|Type:||Guided missile frigate|
|Length:||129 m (423 ft 3 in)|
|Beam:||15.6 m (51 ft 2 in)|
|Draught:||5.6 m (18 ft 4 in)|
|Installed power:||110,000 hp (82,000 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 shaft COGAG 2x M70 or D090 cruise and 2x M90 boost gas turbines|
|Speed:||30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)|
|Sensors and |
|Aircraft carried:||1 Ka-27 Helicopter|
|Aviation facilities:||helipad and hangar|
Design and construction
The class was designed as a general purpose anti-submarine warfare (ASW) frigate to follow on from the Krivak-class frigates. The ship is equipped with a newly designed Zvezda-1 integrated sonar system (with NATO reporting name Ox Tail) as its primary ASW sensor.
The program started in 1986 and seven ships were originally planned. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the project was frozen and only one ship, Neustrashimy (Неустрашимый - "Dauntless"), was in active service with the Russian Baltic Fleet by the mid 1990s. On 24 February 2009 the second ship in the class, Yaroslav Mudry, left the Yantar shipyard in Russia's Kaliningrad for its first sea trials. As of 2010, both Neustrashimyy and Yaroslav Mudry are operational with the Baltic Fleet.
The ships were built by Yantar Yard, Kaliningrad. Only Neustrashimy was completed by the time the Soviet Union collapsed. Two further ships were incomplete. Yaroslav Mudry (named after the great ruler of the Kievan Rus, Yaroslav the Wise) and Tuman ("Fog", named after a World War II era Soviet patrol boat whose crew exhibited great valour in combat with three German destroyers). As of 2009, the frigate Yaroslav Mudry has begun sea trials and entered service.
2008–2009 deployment to Somalia
In late September 2008, Neustrashimy left the Baltic Fleet and was sent to the Gulf of Aden waters off the Somali coast to fight piracy in the region. Russian navy spokesman Captain Igor Dygalo told the Associated Press that the missile frigate Neustrashimy had left the Baltic Sea port of Baltiisk a day before the hijacking to cooperate with other unspecified countries in anti-piracy efforts. As of 27 October, the frigate was operating independently in the vicinity of a group of NATO warships near the Somali coast. On 11 November, Neutrashimy helped capture suspected pirates along with Royal Marines from HMS Cumberland; the suspected pirates had been attempting to board the merchant vessel MV Powerful. On 16 November 2008, the frigate prevented pirates from capturing Saudi Arabian ship MV Rabih.
In June 2016 Yaroslav Mudry was part of a maritime incident between Russian and United States navies in which the ship came in close proximity to USS Gravely in the Mediterranean, though both sides claim the other was at fault for the encounter. The American destroyer came within 315 yards (288 m) of the Russian vessel.
|Name||Hull No.||Builder||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Fleet||Status|
|Neustrashimyy||712||Yantar Shipyard, Kaliningrad||1986||May 1988||24 January 1993||Baltic Fleet||Active|
|727 ex (777)||1988||May 1991||2009||Baltic Fleet||Active|
The work on Tuman was suspended when about 30% complete in 1996 and was laid up in 1998 only to clear space in dry dock. In April 2016 the director of the Yantar shipyard announced the incomplete hulk was to be scrapped as the high cost of completing the ship to an outdated design was considered inefficient and the space freed up by its disposal could be employed on more cost-effective projects.
- Gardiner & Chumbly, p. 395
- "Russia's Yaroslav Mudry frigate to begin trials in Baltic Sea | Russia | RIA Novosti". Sputniknews. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Russia sends warship to fight piracy near Somalia". Sputniknews. 26 September 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- https://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080926/ap_on_re_eu/eu_russia_somalia_piracy_8;_ylt=Ak.EE4EqWwLVfsF.N3F5obpbbBAF. Retrieved September 26, 2008. Missing or empty
- Martinez, Luis; Reevell, Patrick; McLaughlin, Elizabeth (29 June 2016). "US Officials Say Russian Warship Intentionally Interfered With Navy Operations". ABC News. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Russia, United States blame each other for maritime incident". MSN. Reuters. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Starr, Barbara (28 June 2016). "U.S. officials say Russian warship came dangerously close to Navy ship". Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Baltic Fleet ship squadron passes English Channel within long-range cruise". mil.ru. 21 April 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
- "HMS Tyne escorts Russian frigate months after returning to service". navaltoday.com. 1 November 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
- "Russian Navy takes delivery of new frigate". rusnavy.com. 21 June 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Два корабля ВМФ России разрежут на металлолом в Калининграде". Новости Mail.Ru. Archived from the original on 2018-04-12. Retrieved 2017-07-03.
- ""Янтарь" утилизирует два недостроенных корабля ВМФ России". flotprom.ru (in Russian). 18 April 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław, eds. (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
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