Nesset

Nesset is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway on the Romsdal Peninsula. The administrative centre is the village of Eidsvåg. Other population centers include Rausand, Boggestranda, Myklebostad, Eresfjord, and Eikesdalen.

Nesset kommune
View of Vistdal in Nesset

Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Nesset within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°39′31″N 08°07′13″E
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictRomsdal
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreEidsvåg
Government
  Mayor (2007)Rolf Jonas Hurlen (H)
Area
  Total1,046.07 km2 (403.89 sq mi)
  Land985.58 km2 (380.53 sq mi)
  Water60.49 km2 (23.36 sq mi)  5.8%
Area rank100 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
  Total2,946
  Rank267 in Norway
  Density3.0/km2 (8/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
-3.8%
Demonym(s)Nessetgjelding [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1543
Official language formNynorsk [2]
Websitenesset.kommune.no

Mardalsfossen, one of Norway's tallest waterfalls, a popular tourist attraction during the tourist season, is located in Nesset, along the shores of the lake Eikesdalsvatnet.

The 1,046-square-kilometre (404 sq mi) municipality is the 100th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Nesset is the 267th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,946. The municipality's population density is 3 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.8/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 3.8% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information

The parish of Nesset was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 January 1890, all of Nesset south of the Langfjorden was separated to form the new municipality of Eresfjord og Vistdal. This split left Nesset with 1,706 residents. On 1 January 1877, the Sotnakken farm on the Romsdal peninsula (population: 19) was transferred from Nesset to the neighboring Bolsøy municipality. Also on that date, the Tiltereidet and Meisalstranda areas (population: 212) of Tingvoll Municipality, along the west coast of the Tingvollfjorden, were transferred to Nesset Municipality. On 1 January 1890, the Bersås, Nævergjeld, Rausandhaugen, and Rausand area (population: 101) was transferred from Tingvoll Municipality (along the Tingvollfjorden) to Nesset Municipality.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, Eresfjord og Vistdal Municipality was merged back into Nesset Municipality. Prior to the merger, Nesset had 2,360 residents.[5]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality of Nesset is scheduled to be merged with the neighboring municipalities of Molde and Midsund to form a much larger Molde Municipality.[6]

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Nesset farm and vicarage (Old Norse: Nøytisætr, spelled "Nødesetter" in 1520) since this is where the old Nesset Church was located. The first element is probably nes which means "headlands" (since the farm is lying on a prominent headland between the Langfjorden and the Tingvollfjorden) and the last element is setr or sætr which means "farm". Before 1889, the name was written Næsset.[7]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 10 March 1986. The broken gray line symbolizes the two stage drop on one of Europe's highest waterfalls, the Mardalsfossen, which is located in the municipality. The designer was Olav Sandø, from Eidsvåg.[8][9]

Churches

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Nesset. It is part of the Indre Romsdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Nesset
Parish (sokn)Church nameLocation of the churchYear built
EikesdalEikesdal ChurchEikesdalen1866
EresfjordSira ChurchEresfjord1869
NessetNesset ChurchEidsvåg1878
VistdalVistdal ChurchMyklebostad1869

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Nesset, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[10] The municipality falls under the Romsdal District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Nesset is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown for the final municipal council was as follows:

Nesset Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Local Lists (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:21
Nesset Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Local Lists (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:21

Geography

The municipality is made up mostly of the Eikesdalen valley which surrounds the lake Eikesdalsvatnet. The lake is fed from the lake Aursjøen on the border of Oppland county. The water then flows through the Aura River into the lake Eikesdalsvatnet. That water then flows into the river Eira and then on to the Eresfjorden, a branch of the Langfjorden which itself is a branch off the great Romsdal Fjord. The mountains Skjorta, Fløtatinden, and Gjuratinden surround the main valley.

Birdlife

From the shores of the fjord, to the towering mountains at 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) above sea level, the rural community of Nesset offers the visiting birder a range of habitats, and several interesting areas. One area worth checking is Eidsvågleirene. Though the selection of species will not be high, several of the commoner species can be found. The grey heron and mallard are characteristic species in the area.

References

  1. "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  4. Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  5. Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. "Nye Molde" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-18.
  7. Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 275.
  8. "Kommunevåpen - Nesset kommune". Nesset Kommune. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
  9. "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  10. Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  11. "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  12. "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Møre og Romsdal" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
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