Neo-futurism

Neo-futurism is a late 20th to early 21st century movement in the arts, design, and architecture. It has been seen as a departure from the attitude of post-modernism and represents an idealistic[1] belief in a better future.

Neo-futurism
Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre, a neo-futuristic skyscraper in Nanjing, China
Years active1960s-present
Major figuresPeter Cook, Cedric Price, Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers, Norman Foster, Santiago Calatrava, Zaha Hadid
InfluencesFuturism, high-tech architecture
InfluencedParametricism

Described as an avant-garde movement,[2] as well as a futuristic rethinking of the thought behind aesthetics and functionality of design in growing cities, the movement has its origins in the mid-20th century structural expressionist work of architects such as Alvar Aalto and Buckminster Fuller.[1]

Futurist architecture began in the 20th century starting with styles such as Art Deco and later with the Googie movement as well as high-tech architecture.

Origins

Beginning in the late 1960s and early 1970s by architects such as Buckminster Fuller[3] and John C. Portman, Jr.;[4][5][6] architect and industrial designer Eero Saarinen,[7] Archigram, an avant-garde architectural group (Peter Cook, Warren Chalk, Ron Herron, Dennis Crompton, Michael Webb and David Greene, Jan Kaplický and others;[8][9][10] [11][12][13] it is considered in part an evolution out of high-tech architecture, developing many of the same themes and ideas.[14]

Although it was never built, the Fun Palace (1961) interpreted by architect Cedric Price as a "giant neo-futurist machine"[15][16] influenced other architects, notably Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano, whose Pompidou Centre extended many of Price's ideas.

Definition

Neo-futurism was revitalised in 2007 after the publication of "The Neo-Futuristic City Manifesto"[17][18][19] included in the candidature presented to the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE)[20] and written by innovation designer Vito Di Bari,[21][22] a former executive director at UNESCO),[23] to outline his vision for the city of Milan at the time of the Universal Expo 2015. Di Bari defined his neo-futuristic vision as the "cross-pollination of art, cutting edge technologies and ethical values combined to create a pervasively higher quality of life";[24] he referenced the Fourth Pillar of Sustainable Development Theory[25] and reported that the name had been inspired by the United Nations report Our Common Future.[26]

Jean-Louis Cohen has defined neo-futurism[27][28] as "a corollary to technology, being the structures built today byproducts of new materials to create previously impossible forms." Etan J. Ilfeld wrote that in the contemporary neo-futurist aesthetics "the machine becomes an integral element of the creative process itself, and generates the emergence of artistic modes that would have been impossible prior to computer technology."[29] Reyner Banham's definition of "une architecture autre" is a call for an architecture that technologically overcomes all previous architectures but possessing an expressive form,[30] as Banham stated about neo-futuristic "Archigram’s Plug-in Computerized City, form does not have to follow function into oblivion."[31]

In art and architecture

Neo-futurism was inspired partly by Futurist architect Antonio Sant'Elia and pioneered from the early 1960s and the late 1970s by Hal Foster,[32] with architects such as William Pereira,[33][34] Charles Luckman[35][36] and Henning Larsen.[37]

Innovation Designer Vito Di Bari has been considered to be one of the leading designers of neo-futurism,[38] who has a vision for the “cross-pollination of art and technology for a better world.

People

The relaunch of neo-futurism in the 21st century has been creatively inspired by the Pritzker Architecture Prize-winning architect Zaha Hadid,[39] architect Santiago Calatrava[40][41] and by Vito DiBari.[42][43]

Neo-futurist architects, designers and artists include people like Denis Laming,[44][45][46] Patrick Jouin,[47] Yuima Nakazato,[48][49] Swedish artist Simon Stålenhag[50] and artist Charis Tsevis.[51][52][53] Neo-futurism has absorbed some high-tech architectural themes and ideas, incorporating elements of high-tech industry and technology іnto building design:[54] Technology and context has been a focus for some architects such as Buckminster Fuller, Norman Foster,[55][56] Kenzo Tange, Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers.[41]

References

  1. "Neo-futurism". designingbuildings.
  2. "Neo-futurism: An Overview for Students in Architecture Training". digitalschool.ca.
  3. Mathieu Lehanneur. "Mathieu Lehanneur recommends". Ted.com. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  4. Kristi York Wooten. "How 1980s Atlanta Became the Backdrop for the Future". The Atlantic.
  5. "John portman News, Videos, Reviews and Gossip - io9". io9.
  6. "Silver Screen: Meet John Portman, the Architect Behind the Dystopian Backdrops of The Walking Dead and The Hunger Games". Yahoo News. 6 April 2015.
  7. "Big dreams and angry protests swirl at abandoned Athens airport". Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  8. ""Jan Kaplický" Video - Buildings and Interviews". OVGuide. Archived from the original on 2017-07-09. Retrieved 2015-05-09.
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  10. Christie Chu (14 September 2014). "Imagining the Artist-Architect Collabos That Never Were". artnet News. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  11. "Amstel Art Gallery London Archivio Marco Lodola Pop Art Design". Amstel Art Gallery London Archivio Marco Lodola Pop Art Design. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
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  13. "In Brief - Fiera Milano News". Fieramilanonews.it. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
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  20. "BIE - Bureau International des Expositions". bie-paris.org.
  21. "MoreArtCulture Messenger: Vito Di Bari on Wednesday and Your Week in Arts + Culture". constantcontact.com.
  22. "The economic renaissance led by the Internet of Things". I-cioc.om. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  23. "Agreement between UNESCO and the City of Milan concerning the International Multimedia Institute (IMI) - Appointment of Executive Director - UNESCO Archives ICA AtoM catalogue". Atom.archives.unesco.org. 1999-10-08. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
  24. Manifesto of Neo-Futuristic City in www.neofuturistic.com
  25. "The Concept Of "Sustainable Development" And The Challenges Of Economic Growth And Development In Nigeria". Katsina-Ala Multidisciplinary Journal. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  26. World Commission on Environment and Development (1987). Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 27. ISBN 019282080X
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  33. Los Angeles Forum for architecture and urban design, Scott Johnson http://laforum.org/content/articles/william-pereira-by-scott-johnson Archived 2014-01-11 at the Wayback Machine
  34. The Los Angeles Chapter of The American Institute for Architects, Alan Hess, William Pereira: Designing Modern Los Angeles, 2013 http://www.aialosangeles.org/calendar/architect-william-pereira-s-modern-la#.UvA2D78TuqQ Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine
  35. Hugh Pearman, Airports: A Century of Architecture, https://www.amazon.com/Airports-Century-Architecture-Hugh-Pearman/dp/081095012X
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  41. "Santiago Calatrava". Mediander. Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  42. Lino Bianco. "LECTURE 10: NEOMODERN AND NEOFUTURIST ARCHITECTURE". academia.edu.
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  44. "Denis Laming Architectes". laming.fr.
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  48. "Japanese Fashion Designer Literally Flexes Muscles with 3D Printing". Stratasys Blog. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  49. "Yuima Nakazato creates neo-futuristic sportswear with an Objet500 Connex multi-material 3D Printer [7559] - Prototyp". Netcommunity.se. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  50. "Swedish seventies neoretrofuturism: the paintings of Simon Stålenhag". Boingboing.net. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  51. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  53. "Tsevis Visual Design". Tsevis.soup.io. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
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  56. "My Gallery Space 『・・・・ノ、セカイ』". Geocities.jp. Archived from the original on 5 November 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2014.

Further reading

  • Cohen, Jean-Louis (2012). The Future of Architecture. Since 1889. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 978-0714845982.
  • Di Bari V. (2007). "100 years: From Manifesto of futurist architecture to the Neofuturistic city manifesto" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-04-18.
  • Foster, Hal (1987). "Neo-Futurism: Architecture and Technology". AA Files. Architectural Association School of Architecture. 14: 25–27. JSTOR 29543561.
  • Foster, Hal (1994). "What's Neo about the Neo-Avant-Garde?". October. MIT Press. 70: 5–32. JSTOR 779051.
  • Rowena Easton, The NeoFuturist Manifesto, 2008 http://www.neofuturist.org/manifesto.php
  • Klein, Caroline; Lieb, Stefanie (2013). Futuristic: Visions of Future Living. Cologne: DAAB Media. ISBN 978-3942597098.
  • A History of Neo-Futurism, Erica Anne Milkovich, 2010 - Avant-garde (Aesthetics)
  • Gunther Berghaus, From Futurism to Neo-Futurism, in Avant-garde/Neo-avant-garde, 2005, published by Dietrich Scheunemann, Rodopi BV https://web.archive.org/web/20140811220127/http://www.rodopi.nl/senj.asp?BookId=Avant+17
  • Colin Rowe, Fred Koetter, After the Millennium, in Collage City, 1983, published by Architecture - The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
  • Etan Jonathan Ilfeld, Beyond Contemporary Art, 2012, Vivays Publishing, London
  • Anthony Vidler, Histories of the immediate present, 2008 MIT Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology ISBN 978-0-262-72051-9
  • Reyner Banham, “A Clip-on Architecture,” Architectural Design 35, no. 11
  • Reyner Banham: Historian of the Immediate Future (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002)
  • Ru Brown, FUTURISM IS DEAD LONG LIVE FUTURISM The legacy of techno-love in contemporary design, 2011, University of Washington - MDes Design Investigations
  • Gabriel Gyang Dung, Bridget Mlumun Akaakohol, J.C. Akor - The Concept Of Sustainable Development And The Challenges Of Economic Growth And Development In Nigeria - July 2014, Department of Economics, College of Education, Katsina-Ala.
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