A neenish tart (or neenish cake) is a tart made with a pastry base and a filling consisting of sweet gelatine-set cream, mock cream, icing sugar paste, or lemon and sweetened condensed milk mixture, with dried icing on the top of the tart in two colours. The addition of a layer of raspberry jam is a common recipe variation. The colours used for the icing are usually some combination of brown, white, and pink. They are almost exclusively sized as individual servings, 60–80 mm in diameter. The tart was originally created in Australia and is mainly found there and in New Zealand.
|Alternative names||Nienich, nenische|
|Place of origin||Australia|
|Main ingredients||Pastry base, sweet gelatine-set cream, butter cream, or icing sugar|
The origin of the name "neenish" is unknown. A column in the Sydney Morning Herald attributed the name to a woman named Ruby Neenish, however this was later revealed to be a prank. Alternative names such as nenische (recorded in 1929) and nienich (recorded in 1935) suggest a German origin, although neenish was known before the alternatives, suggesting these names were to give a "continental" flavour to the tart.
While nenish cakes appear in Sydney newspaper advertisements as early as 1895, the earliest known published reference to neenish tarts is a recipe in the Sydney Mail (Sydney, New South Wales) in November 1901. The next known published recipe is very similar, published in the Daily Telegraph (Launceston, Tasmania) in January 1903. Both recipes used an almond-based pastry and a filling comprising a "very thick custard of eggs and milk thickened with cornflour". The top of the tart consisted of coffee and vanilla icing in equal halves. Another early printed recipe was in Miss Drake's Home Cookery published in 1929, calling for cream filling set with gelatine and pink christabelle and white icing on top. A 1932 recipe in Miranda's Cook Book calls for custard filling and chocolate and white icing.
The lemon-flavoured version of the tart most familiar to New Zealand residents is found in the Edmonds Cookery Book. It includes a filling made from butter, icing sugar, sweetened condensed milk and lemon juice in a flour-based pastry base topped with half standard white icing and half chocolate (cocoa added) icing.
- "neenish tart n." – Australian Oxford Dictionary. Accessed 23 May 2011.
- Turpin, Andrew kkjn (2003). Neenish Tarts – University of Melbourne. Published 12 November 2003. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "The origins of the neenish tart: A sweet mystery and a little scandal". Radio National. 2016-07-12. Retrieved 2016-07-13.
- Oxford Word of the Month: Neenish Tarts.
- Sunday Times(Sydney), 22 September 1895, p. 1
- Sydney Mail, 9 November 1901, p. 1211.
- Daily Telegraph, 28 January 1903
- Miranda's Cook Book, "Neinich Tart", reproduced by Andrew Turpin.