Necromancy (film)

Necromancy is a 1972 American supernatural horror film directed by Bert I. Gordon and starring Orson Welles, Pamela Franklin, Michael Ontkean, and Lee Purcell. The plot follows an enigmatic cult leader in a small California town who attempts to harness the powers of a local woman to resurrect his dead son.

Directed byBert I. Gordon
Produced by
  • Sidney L. Caplan
  • Gail March
  • Jeffrey M. Sneller
Written by
  • Bert I. Gordon
  • Gail March
Music by
CinematographyWinton C. Hoch
Edited byJohn B. Woelz
Distributed byCinerama Releasing Corporation
Release date
Running time
83 minutes
CountryUnited States

The film was re-released in 1983 under the title The Witching in an alternate cut.


After Los Angeles housewife Lori Brandon suffers a stillbirth, her husband Frank obtains a job working in the advertising division of a toy company in the northern California community of Lillith. En route, they witness a violent car accident in which an oncoming vehicle swerves off an embankment, killing the female driver. When their car runs out of gasoline after, Frank walks toward town, and Lori waits at the car. She wanders into a field and finds a gravestone beneath a tree; there, she has a bizarre vision of a young boy's funeral.

Upon arriving in Lillith, Lori and Frank have dinner with his new boss, the eccentric Mr. Cato, who vaguely explains that Frank's job at the company will involve magic, and gives Lori a grimoire as a gift. Priscilla, another of Cato's employees, refers to Cato's dead son whom he believes is merely "resting." Lori also discovers the house she and Frank have moved into had previously been rented by the woman who died in the car accident.

Lori becomes increasingly unnerved when she observes the power Cato exerts over the small town, owning all of its businesses and maintaining influence over its exclusively young residents, all of whom appear to have interests in the occult. Cato informs Lori of his pursuit of necromancy, the act of bringing the dead back to life, the one power he claims to have been unable to obtain; he also explains to her he believes she holds the key between life and death, and can help him achieve the revival of his dead son.

Lori and Frank are invited to a party, whereupon arriving she discovers it is a formal anointment into the town's coven, but she refuses. The following day, she witnesses an apparition of Cato's son which lures her into the basement of her home, where she is attacked by a horde of rats. Later, she is confronted by Priscilla and another cult leader, who inform her she is to take the place of Cato's son during a necromancy ceremony. Terrified, Lori attempts to locate Frank when he does not return home from work. She phones Nancy, one of Cato's associates. Nancy, who is in the midst of having sex with Frank. Nancy lies to Lori, telling her Frank left back to Los Angeles.

Priscilla calls Lori and tells her she wishes to leave Lillith with her, and claims to have confidential information about Frank; however, Lori finds her drowned in a creek in the woods before she is supposed to meet with her. After a series of hallucinations, Lori stumbles upon the necromancy ceremony at Cato's son's grave, and is buried alive in exchange for the return of his son.

She suddenly awakens, and realizes the events she has experienced were only a nightmare. Frank consoles her, but she soon realizes she is experiencing déjà vu as they discuss their impending drive to Lillith. She realizes her nightmare was in fact a premonition of events to come.



Filming took place in Los Gatos, California, under the working titles A Life for a Life and The Toy Factory.[3] Welles biographer Josh Karp suggested that Welles took the part in the film merely for the pay.[4]


During post-production in the summer of 1971, Gordon and Valiant Productions filed a lawsuit against the film's production company, Premiere Pictures, to re-gain creative control of the film.[3] A Superior Court judge allotted Gordon twenty-one days to produce a re-cut version of the film in alignment with his original vision, which he was ordered to then give to Premiere, who was legally prevented from making any alterations.[3]

The film was released theatrically in the United States by Cinerama Releasing Corporation in the fall of 1972.[lower-alpha 1] In some locations, it was advertised as The Devil God.[5]

Over a decade after its original release, in 1983, it was re-released in an altered cut bearing the title The Witching.[3]

Critical response

Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times referred to the film as a "so-so occult thriller ... Necromancy's production values are as solid as its plotting is full of holes," though he conceded the film is "technically very well made for its budgetbut not very thought out."[6] Lawrence DeVine of the Detroit Free Press wrote of the film: "Idle hands are Orson Welles' workshop as Welles lends approximately four percent of his immense talent to the role of one Mr. Cato ... Will Burt I. Gordon, who wrote, produced and directed this cauldron of corn, ever work again in Hollywood? Who cares?"[7] William B. Collins of The Philadelphia Inquirer noted some "redeeming touches of humor," but ultimately summarized: "It wouldn't be so bad if Necromancy...  succeeded in raising the dead. All it does, though, is capture the smell."[8] Lloyd Ebert of Florida Today observed that, at his screening, the film had apparently been truncated from its original PG rating, and as a result suffered from having "no logical progression."[9]

Writing for The Morning Herald, Ed Sullivan noted that Welles's performance in the film was "great."[10] Joe Baltake of The Philadelphia Evening News called it "an awful filmdespite the presence of impressive Orson Welles and dependable Pamela Franklin ... In the area of thrills and chills, Necromancy is pitifully malnourished. What's worse, it isn't even funny."[11] The Courier-Journal's Gregg Swem noted that Welles appears "disinterested in his role. Most of his lines come across as mumbled incantations ... [The] script is weak. The direction is uninspired."[12]

In 2017, Melissa Garza of Scared Stiff Reviews noted that the film's psychedelic elements "both age the film and take the viewer out of the moment. The special effects, though minimal, are quite awful. Still, the good far outweighs the bad," also remarking the performances as "fantastic."[13] The same year, the publication CVLT Nation named Necromancy the 17th-best occult film of all time.[14]

Home media

The film was released on VHS in the U.S. as The Witching by both Paragon Video Productions and Magnum Entertainment in the 1983. It was released as Necromancy on DVD by Video International on February 11, 2008.[15] The film was released again on DVD by Pegasus Entertainment on November 18, 2002.[15]

On July 7, 2016, Code Red DVD released the film on Blu-ray in a limited edition of 1,000 copies.[16]


  1. Per a newspaper archive search, the earliest release of the film occurred at the Allen Park Drive-In in Detroit, Michigan on September 20, 1972.[1]


  1. "Allen Park I & II". Detroit Free Press. Detroit, Michigan. September 19, 1972. p. 38 via
  2. "Necromancy trade advertisement". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. October 17, 1972 via
  3. "Necromancy (1972)". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Los Angeles, California: American Film Institute. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  4. Karp 2015, p. 113.
  5. "Enter the occult world of... The Devil God (promotional advertisement)". The Independent. Long Beach, California. November 3, 1972. p. 33 via
  6. Thomas, Kevin (November 2, 1972). "Offering of One Life for Another". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California. p. 23 via
  7. DeVine, Lawrence (September 22, 1972). "Trouble Brews in Lillith's Cauldron". Detroit Free Press. Detroit, Michigan via
  8. Collins, William B. (October 19, 1972). "At Least This Film Has Welles". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. p. 19 via
  9. Ibert, Lloyd (December 9, 1972). "'Necromancy' a Bland Brew". Florida Today. Cocoa, Florida. p. 3D via
  10. Sullivan, Ed (September 23, 1972). "Little Old New York". The Morning Herald. Uniontown, Pennsylvania via
  11. Baltake, Joe (October 19, 1972). "'Nec'ro-Man'cy' and 'Red Mantle': Awful". The Philadelphia Evening News. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. p. 48 via
  12. Swem, Gregg (October 28, 1972). "'Necromancy' isn't very scary, suspenseful, or even interesting". The Courier-Journal. Louisville, Kentucky via
  13. Garza, Melissa Antoinette (February 2, 2017). "Necromancy (1972)". Scared Stiff Reviews. Archived from the original on February 9, 2017.
  14. "The 20 best occult films". CVLT Nation. August 17, 2017. Archived from the original on December 19, 2017.
  15. The Witches Releases at Retrieved on February 15, 2016.
  16. "Necromancy Blu-ray". Retrieved July 20, 2018.


  • Karp, Josh (2015). Orson Welles's Last Movie: The Making of The Other Side of the Wind. London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-250-00708-7.
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