Naugatuck is a consolidated borough and town in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. The town spans both sides of the Naugatuck River just south of Waterbury, and includes the communities of Union City on the east side of the river, which has its own post office, Straitsville on the southeast (along Route 63), and Millville on the west (along Rubber Avenue). As of the 2010 census, Naugatuck had a population of 31,862.
Location in New Haven County, Connecticut
|Coordinates: 41°29′23″N 73°03′05″W|
|Metropolitan area||New Haven|
|• Mayor||N. Warren “Pete” Hess, III (D)|
|• Total||16.5 sq mi (42.7 km2)|
|• Land||16.4 sq mi (42.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||207 ft (63 m)|
|• Density||1,900/sq mi (750/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|Area codes||203, 475|
|GNIS feature ID||0209191|
Naugatuck was settled in 1701 as a farming community in rural western Connecticut. As the Industrial Revolution commenced, Naugatuck was transformed into a hardscrabble mill town like its neighbors in the Naugatuck Valley.
Rubber was the chief manufactured product. Charles Goodyear worked at his brother's rubber company, the Goodyear Metallic Rubber Shoe Company & Downtown Naugatuck, until the company was consolidated into the United States Rubber Company. The United States Rubber Company (renamed Uniroyal Inc. in 1961) was founded in Naugatuck in 1892 as a consolidation of nine rubber companies, and maintained their corporate headquarters there until the 1980s. Their Footwear Division manufactured Keds sneakers in Naugatuck from 1917 until the 1980s. U.S. Rubber also produced Naugahyde in a Naugatuck factory, but it is no longer produced there.
Due to an increase in the price of sulfuric acid, which was needed for the process then used for reclaiming old rubber, the United States Rubber Co. formed the Naugatuck Chemical Company on June 1, 1904, and the company soon was in the forefront of the chemical industry in the United States. Naugatuck Chemical remained a subsidiary of the U.S. Rubber Co. until, under Uniroyal, it gained independence as Uniroyal Chemical Co. They moved their operations to Middlebury, Connecticut, in the 1970s.
The Risdon Manufacturing Company, established in Naugatuck around 1910, began by producing safety pins. Local housewives and children were often hired to attach the pins to cardboard for easy sale. Risdon became the manufacturer of total packaging for cosmetics, personal, household and other consumer products and home sewing notions such as common pins, needles, snaps and other accessories. It is now the Crown Risdon Co., headquartered in Watertown, Connecticut.
In the 1960s, Harold Barber founded H. Barber and Sons in the community. The company builds beach rakes for picking up debris and grooming beaches and claims to be the largest such business in the world.
The normally peaceful Naugatuck River that flows through Naugatuck overflowed its banks on August 19, 1955. Fed by over 10 inches (250 mm) of rain from Hurricane Diane, the river cut a path of destruction that forever changed the face of Naugatuck.
As American manufacturing declined in the late 20th century, the mills closed and the town fell on largely hard times. With the expansion of suburbs, especially in New Haven and Fairfield County, the town is now largely a bedroom community for the middle class. With this, many of Naugatuck's neighbors are fairly wealthy. Middlebury and Oxford are affluent towns that have higher performing school districts, but the price to live in these suburbs is high. Currently, many new more expensive homes are being built as people from Fairfield County and other areas are looking for more affordable housing and convenient access to major highways.
The local high school, Naugatuck High School, has a storied football rivalry with the high school in Ansonia that is one of the longest in America. Like the other rival high schools in the Naugatuck Valley, the two teams meet the morning of Thanksgiving Day. The first meeting was in 1900. Ansonia is the long-term winner in the series. Naugatuck High School's mascot is the greyhound, and its colors are garnet and grey.
The town of Naugatuck is affectionately referred to as "Naugy" by its residents. The town common features 11 commissions by the renowned New York architecture firm of McKim, Mead & White.
Naugatuck has experienced some economic and budgetary problems since 2009 resulting from the 2008 recession. However, the Borough's credit rating has remained stable.
Naugatuck has a total of 5 public elementary schools (which include grades K-4), 2 public intermediate schools (grades 5-6), 1 public middle school (grades 7-8), and 1 public high school (grades 9-12). The high school has an overall enrollment of 1,267 students and a graduation rate of 82%.
Naugatuck High School was ranked 149th best in Connecticut. This is near the bottom of all public high schools in Connecticut. Although well funded, many years of mismanagement by the elected Board of Education, has led to this poor rating. In recent years, a mostly new Board of Education and a new Superintendent has helped improve the quality of education in the school district.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 16.5 square miles (42.6 km²), of which 16.4 square miles (42.4 km²) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²), or 0.36%, is water.
Naugatuck is unique in Connecticut government for being the only consolidated town and borough. Every other borough in Connecticut is a special services district located within another town, the unit of Connecticut local government. Naugatuck has both a town clerk and a borough clerk managing official records, the same as Connecticut cities having two clerks: a town clerk and a city clerk.
As with most other Connecticut towns and cities, Naugatuck elect its officials in November of odd-numbered years.
- N. Warren "Pete" Hess III (D)
- Laurie Taf-Jackson (D)—Deputy Mayor
- Robert A. Neth (R)—2nd Deputy Mayor
- Robert J. Burns (D)
- Jack DeOliveira (R)
- Rocky Vitale (D)
- Dorothy Hoff (R)
- Donald Wisniewski (R)
- Mike Bronko (R)
- Carl Herb (D)
Board of Education
- Dorothy Neth-Kunin (R)
- Glenn Connan (R)- Secretary
- Jason Celozzi (D)
- Diana Malone (R)
- Marilyn O’Donnell (R)
- Ethel Grant (D)- Vice Chair
- James Scully (D)
- Jeffrey Litke (R)- Chair
Naugatuck is served by buses of the Waterbury Division of Connecticut Transit. Route N1 connects the borough center to the Millville section of town, and Route N2 connects the borough center to the Straitsville section of town. The town also has a Metro-North Railroad station (Naugatuck) along the Waterbury Branch of the New Haven Line. The principal highways through the town are Connecticut Route 63 (connecting to New Haven), Route 68 (leading to Durham), and the Route 8 expressway (for Waterbury, Derby, Torrington, and Bridgeport).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 30,989 people, 11,829 households, and 8,292 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,890.9 people per square mile (730.0/km²). There were 12,341 housing units at an average density of 753.0 per square mile (290.7/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.76% White, 2.85% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.68% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.58% from other races, and 1.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.47% of the population.
Of the 11,829 households, 36.3% of them had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $51,247, and the median income for a family was $59,286. Males had a median income of $42,103 versus $29,971 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,757. About 0.9% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of November 5, 2018|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
On the National Register of Historic Places
- Bronson B. Tuttle House: 380 Church St., now headquarters of the Board of Education (added December 29, 1990)
- Naugatuck Center Historic District: Roughly bounded by Fairview Avenue, Hillside Avenue, Terrace Avenue, Water Street and Pleasant View Street (added August 30, 1999)
- Salem School: 124 Meadow St. (added December 3, 1983). Before construction of the first Naugatuck High School (now Hillside Intermediate School), high-school classes were held on the top floor of this building.
- United States Post Office–Naugatuck Main: Church and Cedar streets (added February 21, 1986)
In 2008, an episode of Food Paradise (Sandwich Paradise) on the Travel Channel highlighted the Nardelli's Grinder Shoppe and its specialty Italian grinder sandwiches ("Meat Combo"). The town has also been used as a filming location for works such as Engine Trouble, released in 2002, and War of the Worlds, filmed at the former Uniroyal plant and released in 2005. (The plant was demolished on February 28, 2008.)
- Adrian, costume designer for Hollywood films such as The Wizard of Oz and the Broadway musical Camelot, for which he won a posthumous Tony Award.
- Michael Bergin, former Calvin Klein model and Baywatch actor; attended Naugatuck High School where he played baseball and basketball.
- Seth Bingham, organist and prolific composer.
- Billy Burke, professional golfer, winner of the 1931 U.S. Open.
- Charles Goodyear, first American to vulcanize rubber, lived in Naugatuck as a young man; his brother, Henry Goodyear, founded the Goodyear Metallic Rubber Shoe Company in Naugatuck that became part of the United States Rubber Company in 1892.
- Shirley Grey, stage and movie actress during the 1920s and 1930s.
- Robert Harper, computer scientist.
- Frank "Spec" Shea, professional baseball player who pitched in 1947 World Series, nicknamed "The Naugatuck Nugget".
- Mohamed Hrezi, runner who competed in the 2016 Summer Olympics in the marathon.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 23, 2019.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Naugatuck town, New Haven County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- Barber Company History Archived June 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "1955 Flood". Retrieved 2011-02-02.
- "How Does Naugatuck High School Rank Among America's Best High Schools?". www.usnews.com. Retrieved 2016-10-19.
- "NHS renovations moving ahead full steam | Citizen's News". www.mycitizensnews.com. Retrieved 2016-10-19.
- "Naugatuck High School Ranked 149th Best in Connecticut". Naugatuck, CT Patch. Retrieved 2016-10-19.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of November 5, 2018" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-05. Retrieved 2019-05-28.
- C. Slack, Noble Obsession, (Hyperion, 2003)
- Federal Writers' Project, Connecticut: A Guide to Its Roads, Lore, and People (US History Publishers, 1938)
- Shirley Grey IMDB
- "The Ballplayers - Spec Shea". Baseball Library. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
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