Nature Research (formerly known as Nature Publishing Group) is a division of the international scientific publishing company Springer Nature that publishes academic journals, magazines, online databases, and services in science and medicine. Nature Research's flagship publication is Nature, a weekly multidisciplinary journal first published in 1869. It also publishes the Nature-titled research journals, Nature Reviews journals (since 2000), society-owned academic journals, and a range of open access journals, including Scientific Reports and Nature Communications. Springer Nature also publishes Scientific American in 16 languages, a magazine intended for the general public. In 2013, prior to the merger with Springer and the creation of Springer Nature, Nature Publishing Group's owner, Holtzbrinck Publishing Group, bought a controlling stake in Frontiers.
|Parent company||Springer Nature|
|Founder||Alexander Macmillan, Daniel Macmillan|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|Headquarters location||London, N1|
|Publication types||Academic journals, magazines, online databases|
|Nonfiction topics||Science, medicine|
|No. of employees||>800|
Before Springer Nature was formed in 2015, Nature Research (as the Nature Publishing Group) was a part of Macmillan Science and Education, a fully owned subsidiary of Holtzbrinck Publishing Group.
Nature Research employs more than 800 people in its offices in London, New York City, San Francisco, Seoul, Washington, D.C., Boston, Tokyo, Paris, Berlin, Munich, Madrid, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Delhi, Melbourne, Mexico City, Buenos Aires, São Paulo and Basingstoke.
As of September 2016, Nature Research publishes 148 academic journals. The former Nature Clinical Practice series was rebranded and folded into the Nature Reviews series in April 2009. They also publish the npj (Nature Partner Journals) series.
Access and pricing
In most cases, the costs of Springer Nature's publications are recovered via subscription to individuals and institutions. Over 40 journals allow their authors to publish open access articles, with the author (or their institution or research funder) paying a publication charge to the journal. The publisher also has several open access journals. Authors are also allowed to post accepted, unedited papers on their websites or the funding body's archives no earlier than 6 months after publication.
In June 2010, a letter outlining the University of California libraries' pricing challenges with NPG was distributed to university faculty by campus librarians with the support of the systemwide University Committee on Library and Scholarly Communication. The letter also described a potential boycott if the dispute was not resolved. In August 2010, a joint statement was released stating "Our two organizations have agreed to work together in the coming months to address our mutual short- and long-term challenges, including an exploration of potential new approaches and evolving publishing models."
On 2 December 2014, NPG announced that it would make content from all of Nature's journals available online for free. However, articles are presented using the digital rights management system ReadCube (which is funded by the Macmillan subsidiary Digital Science), which only provides "read-only" access, and does not allow readers to download, copy, print, or otherwise distribute the content. Additionally, links to these articles can only be generated by Nature subscribers and a group of selected media outlets—but the links can be publicly distributed through online articles and social networks afterwards. Providers can also provide annotations on the linked articles. The move was designed to counter the trend of "dark sharing", while leveraging ReadCube to provide analytics. While considering it a compromise between fully restricted access, critics do not consider this to be a true open access scheme due to its restrictions on use and distribution.
In 2011, Nature launched its first line of electronic textbooks for the college market, starting with Principles of Biology, which was adopted by California State University. The textbook line has been described by Vikram Savkar, senior vice president and publishing director at then Nature Publishing Group, as potentially breaking down the traditional textbook publishing model.
Other active Nature Research services include:
- Nature Careers, containing careers news, advice, tools and jobs for scientists.
- A companion site to ENCODE, the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements, which is a project funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute to identify all regions of transcription, transcription factor association, chromatin structure and histone modification in the human genome sequence.
- Scitable (a collaborative learning space for science students).
Past experiments at offering online services include:
- The pre-print server Nature Precedings (which was discontinued in April 2012).
- Connotea (a free online reference management service for scientists, which was created in December 2004 and discontinued in March 2013).
- Nature Network (a free social networking website for scientists, which was put into read-only mode in December 2013).
- Zen, Lillienne (3 June 2016). "Noticed some changes? Introducing the new Nature Research brand : Of Schemes and Memes Blog". blogs.nature.com. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- "Home : Nature Reviews". www.nature.com. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- Frontiers. "About Frontiers | Academic Journals and Research Community". Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- J.P. (27 February 2013). "Scientific Publishing: Changing Nature". The Economist.
- Baynes, Grace (27 February 2013). "Nature Publishing Group and Frontiers form alliance to further open science". Nature Publishing Group. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017.
- Van Noorden, Richard (15 January 2015). "Nature owner merges with publishing giant". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2015.16731. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
- Work @ NPG, Nature Research.
- "Home : Nature a - z index". www.nature.com. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- "Nature Reviews goes clinical" (Press release). "Nature Publishing Group. 28 January 2009. Archived from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- License, Nature Research.
- Howard, Jennifer (8 June 2010). "U. of California Tries Just Saying No to Rising Journal Costs". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- Statement from the University of California and Nature Publishing Group, 25 August 2010 retrieved on 15 March 2011
- Clark, Liat (2 December 2014). "Nature journal subscribers can now share article links globally". Wired.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- Yuhas, Alan (2 December 2014). "Science journal Nature to make archives available online". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Announcing Principles of Biology, an Interactive Textbook by Nature Education". Nature.com. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- "NPG project". Als.csuprojects.org. 24 May 2011. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- Conneally, Tim (15 July 2011). "E-textbooks are destroying the old publishing business model". Betanews.com. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
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