National colours

National colours are frequently part of a country's set of national symbols.

Many states and nations have formally adopted a set of colours as their official "national colours" while others have de facto national colours that have become well-known through popular use. National colours often appear on a variety of different media, from the nation's flag to the colours used in sports.


Algeria Green, white and red             
Angola Red, black and yellow             
Benin Green, yellow and red             
Botswana Light blue, black and white             
Burkina Faso Red, green and yellow             
Burundi Red, white and green             
Cameroon Green, red and yellow             
Cape Verde Blue, white, red and yellow                 
Central African Republic Blue, white, green, yellow and red             
Chad Blue, yellow and red             
Comoros Yellow, white, red, blue and green             
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Blue, yellow and red             
Congo, Republic of the Green, yellow and red             
Djibouti Light blue, green, white and red                 
Egypt Red, white and black             
Equatorial Guinea Green, white, red and blue                 
Eritrea Green, blue, red and yellow                 
Eswatini (Swaziland) Blue, yellow, red, black and white             
Ethiopia Green, yellow, red and blue                 
Gabon Green, yellow and blue             
Gambia Red, blue, green and white                 
Ghana Red, yellow, green and black Black and white (used in sports)                          
Guinea Red, yellow and green             
Guinea-Bissau Red, yellow, green and black                 
Ivory Coast Orange, white and green             
Kenya Black, red, green and white                 
Lesotho Blue, white, green and black                 
Liberia Red, white and blue             
Libya Red, black, green and white                 
Madagascar Red, green and white             
Malawi Black, red and green             
Mali Green, yellow and red             
Mauritania Green, yellow and red             
Mauritius Red, blue, yellow and green                 
Morocco Red and green         
Mozambique Green, yellow, red, black and white             
Namibia Blue, red, green, white and yellow             
Niger Orange, white and green             
Nigeria Green and white         
Rwanda Sky blue, yellow and green             
São Tomé and Príncipe Green, yellow, red and black                 
Senegal Green, yellow and red             
Seychelles Blue, yellow, red, white and green             
Sierra Leone Green, white and blue             
Somalia Blue and white         
South Africa Red, green, blue, gold, black and white[1] Green and gold (used in sports)             
         National colours of South Africa
South Sudan Black, red, green, blue, yellow and white             
Sudan Red, white, black and green                 
Tanzania Green, yellow, blue and black                 
Togo Green, yellow, red and white                 
Tunisia Red and white         
Uganda Black, yellow and red             
Zambia Green, red, black and orange                 
Zimbabwe Green, yellow, red, black and white             

North America

Anguilla Orange, blue and white             
Antigua and Barbuda Red, white, blue, black and yellow             
Aruba Yellow, cerulean, white, red             
Bahamas Aquamarine, yellow and black             
Barbados Aquamarine, gold and black             
Belize Blue, red and white Sky blue (used in sports)                  
Bermuda Red, blue and white Prussian blue (used in sports)                  
Bonaire Yellow, blue and white             
British Virgin Islands Green, yellow and white             
Canada Red and white[2] Black (only used in sports)               National colours of Canada
Cayman Islands Blue, red and white             
Costa Rica Blue, white and red Black (used in sports)                  
Cuba Blue, white and red Black                  
Curaçao Blue, yellow and white             
Dominica Green, yellow, black, white and red Blue (used in sports)             
Dominican Republic Blue, white and red             
El Salvador Blue and white         
Grenada Green, yellow and red             
Guadeloupe Green, red and white             
Guatemala Blue and white Navy blue and green-blue                  
Haiti Blue and red[3]         
Honduras Blue and white Navy blue and midnight blue                  
Jamaica Green, gold and black             
Martinique Blue and white Light blue              
Mexico Green, white and red Black, indian red, magenta and lime green (used only in sports)                               National colours of Mexico
Montserrat Black, green, dark blue, red and white                     
Nicaragua Blue and white Gold and denim (used only in sports)                  
Panama Blue, white and red Midnight blue and cadet blue (used only in sports)                      
Puerto Rico Red, white and blue             
Saint Kitts and Nevis Green, red and white Gold and black         
Saint Lucia Light blue, yellow, black and white Blue (only in sports)                      
Saint Martin Yellow and blue Dark blue, red and white                      
Saint Pierre et Miquelon Blue, white and red             
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Blue, yellow and green             
Sint Maarten Red, blue and white             
Trinidad and Tobago Red, white and black Maroon (only in sports)                  
Turks and Caicos Blue, light blue, red and white Green sheen (only in sports)                      
United States of America Red, white and blue[3]              National colours of the United States
US Virgin Islands White, yellow and blue Light blue (used only in sports)                  

South America

Argentina Light blue and white[4] Blue and black (used in sports)                  
Bolivia Red, yellow and green White (used in sports)                  
Brazil Green and yellow Blue and white                  
Chile Red, white and blue             
Colombia Yellow, blue and red Dark blue and white (used in sports)                      
Ecuador Yellow, blue and red Sky blue (used in sports)                  
French Guiana Yellow and green Blue (used in sports)              
Guyana Yellow and green Red and black                  
Paraguay Red, white and blue Bluegray (used in sports)                  
Peru Red and white         
Suriname White and green Red and gold                  
Uruguay Blue and white Red; light blue and black are used in sports                      
Venezuela Yellow, blue and red Burgundy and khaki (used in sports)                      


Afghanistan Black, red, green and white Blue (cricket)                      
Armenia Red, blue and orange             
Azerbaijan Blue, red and green             
Bahrain Red and white         
Bangladesh Red, green and gold White (football) [5]                   First Flag of Bangladesh (1971)
Bhutan Fulvous, gold, and white Red (football)                  
Brunei Yellow, black, white and red Blue and green (football)                          
Cambodia Red and blue Black (football)              
China Red and gold Dark blue black and white (sports)                      
Georgia Red and white         
Hong Kong Red and white Black and gray                  
India Saffron orange, blue, white and green Sky blue (sports)                      
Indonesia Red and white[6] Green (sports)              
Iran Green, white and red Black                  
Iraq Red, white, black and green                 
Israel Blue and white[7]          National colours of Israel
Japan Red and white Black (sports); Blue, white and spring bud (only used in football)                           National colours of Japan
Jordan Black, white, green and red                 
Kazakhstan Blue and yellow White and black (sports)                  
Korea, North
(Democratic People's Republic of Korea)
Red, white and blue             
Korea, South
(Republic of Korea)
White, red, blue and black                 
Kuwait Green, white, red and black Blue and red (sports)                          
Kyrgyzstan Red and yellow Maroon, blue and white (football)                      
Laos Red, blue and white Black, gold and sky blue (football)                          
Lebanon Red, white and green             
Macau Green and white White and dark blue (sports)                  
Malaysia Gold and black Red, white, dark blue and yellow                          
Maldives Red and white Green and blue (football)                  
Mongolia Blue, red and yellow White (sports)                  
Myanmar Yellow, green, red and white                 
Nepal Crimson, blue and white             
Oman Red, white and green Gold                  
Pakistan Green and white Lime green and gold (sports)                  
Palestine Black, white, green and red                 
Philippines Blue, red, white and yellow                 
Qatar Maroon and white         
Saudi Arabia Green and white Dark green (football)         
Singapore Red and white Blue (football)              
Sri Lanka Maroon, gold, green and orange Blue (sports)                      
Syria Red, white, black and green Gray and gold                          
Taiwan Blue, white and red Verdigris (University Sports)                  
Tajikistan Red, white and green             
Thailand Red, white and blue Royal yellow, royal purple and blue sapphire                           Royal flags of Thailand
Timor-Leste Red, yellow, black and white                 
Turkey Red and white Turquoise              
Turkmenistan Green and white Sand              
United Arab Emirates Red, green, white and black Gold and blue                          
Uzbekistan Blue, white, red and green Black (sports)                      
Vietnam Red and yellow White (sports)              
Yemen Red, white and black             


PrimarySecondaryFurther information
Albania Red and black         
Andorra Blue, yellow and red             
Austria Red and white         
Belarus Red, white and green             
Belgium Red Black and yellow; Light blue (used in cycling)[8]                  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Blue and gold         
Bulgaria White, green and red             
Croatia Red, white and blue             
Cyprus Blue and white Orange              
Czech Republic White, red and blue[9][10][11]              National colours of the Czech Republic
Denmark Red and white         
Estonia Blue, black and white[12]             
Finland White and blue Red and gold                  
France Blue, white and red[13]             
Germany Black, red and gold White; Silver (used in motor racing)                       National colours of Germany
Greece Blue and white          National colours of Greece
Hungary Red, white and green             
Iceland Blue, white and red             
Ireland Green and blue White and orange                   Green relates to Goídel Glas, Father of Goidelic (Gaelic) languages and Gaels, Blue relates to St. Patrick, White as it appears on the Irish flag relates to peace between the Gaelic nationalism and the Loyalist supporters of William of Orange and Orange for William of Orange.
Italy Green, white and red[14] Azure                   National colours of Italy
Kosovo Blue, yellow and white Black                  
Latvia Red and white         
Liechtenstein Blue and red         
Lithuania Yellow, green and red             
Luxembourg Red, white and light blue             
North Macedonia Red and yellow         
Malta Red and white         
Moldova Blue, yellow and red             
Monaco Red and white         
Montenegro Red and gold         
Netherlands Orange Red, white and blue                  
Norway Red, white and blue             
Poland White and red          National colours of Poland
Portugal Green and red (Before the 1910 revolution: White and blue)                  
Romania Blue, yellow and red             
Russia White, blue and red             
San Marino White and light blue         
Serbia Red, blue and white[15][16][17]              National colours of Serbia
Slovakia White, blue and red             
Slovenia White, blue and red[18] Green, blue and white (sports)[19]                          
Spain Red and gold         
Sweden Blue and gold         
Switzerland Red and white         
Ukraine Blue and yellow          National colours of Ukraine
United Kingdom Red, white and blue British racing green                   National colours of the United Kingdom


CountryFlagPrimary coloursSecondary coloursPrimarySecondaryFurther information
American Samoa Blue, red and white             
Australia Green and gold Blue and white                   National colours of Australia
Cook Islands Green and white         
Fiji Mexican Green White and black (rugby and other sports)               National colours of Fiji
French Polynesia Red and white         
Guam Indigo and red Blue and white                  
New Caledonia Gray, white and red             
New Zealand Black[20] White, silver, ochre red and teal                       National colours of New Zealand
Niue Yellow golden and blue         
Samoa Red, white and blue             
Solomon Islands Olive green, yellow and blue Green and white                      
Tonga Red and white         
Tuvalu Sky blue, yellow and white Blue                  

Supranational organisations

Some noted supranational organisations like the United Nations and the European Union have their own colours as part of their branding and marketing. They are usually taken from the organisation's flag. Although they do not have national sporting teams, the colours can be used for anything connected to the organisation, like associated bodies.

Examples of use of these colours

Organisation Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
African Union Green and gold          Flag of the African Union
Arab League Green Red, black and white                   Flag of the Arab League, Pan-Arab colours
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Blue, red and yellow Brown                   Flag of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Eurasian Economic Union White Blue and gold               Flag of the Eurasian Economic Union
European Union Reflex blue and gold          Flag of the European Union
Mercosur White and blue Green               Flag of Mercosur
NATO Dark Blue      Flag of NATO
Nordic Council Blue and white          Flag of the Nordic Council; Design Manual of the Nordic Council - Colours
Turkic Council Turqouise      Although the flag of the Turkic Council is light blue and white, turquoise is the colour most associated with the Turkic region.
United Nations Light blue and white          Flag of the United Nations

See also


  1. "National flag". South African Government. 2018-02-19.
  2. "National Colours: Red and White". Government of Canada. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  3. "National Symbols". The World Factbook (52nd ed.). Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Public Affairs. 2014. ISBN 978-0-16-092553-5. OCLC 913577992. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2015-05-02.
  4. "Símbolos nacionales". Government of Argentina. Archived from the original on 2015-10-09. La primera enseña patria es la Bandera Nacional. Creada por el general Manuel Belgrano el 27 de febrero de 1812, fue consagrada con los mismos colores ‘celeste y blanco’ por el Congreso de Tucumán el 20 de julio de 1816 y ratificada por el mismo cuerpo en Buenos Aires, el 25 de febrero de 1818.
  5. "Bangadesh national team". Colours of Football. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  6. Minahan, James B. (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. ABC-CLIO. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8. Retrieved 2015-10-26. National colors: Red and white
  7. "Israel National Symbols: The Israeli Flag". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
  8. "Rode Duivels brengen eerbetoon aan wielrenners met uitshirts". Sporza. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  9. "Státní symboly".
  10. "Symboly současné České republiky".
  11. "Státní symboly České republiky". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  12. "National symbols of Estonia". Archived from the original on 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  13. "Le drapeau tricolor" [The Tricolor Flag] (in French). 2002-06-20. Archived from the original on 2005-01-28. Retrieved 2015-07-18. Le pavillon, ainsi que le drapeau national, sera formé des trois couleurs nationales disposées en trois bandes égales, de manière à ce que le bleu soit attaché à la garde du pavillon, le blanc au milieu et le rouge flottant.
  14. Ferorelli, Nicola (1925). La vera origine del tricolore italiano. Rassegna storica del Risorgimento. 12. pp. 654–680.
  15. The Journal of the Orders & Medals Research Society of Great Britain. Orders and Medals Research Society. 1969. p. 207).
  16. Chronicles. Rockford Institute. 1994. p. 39.
  17. Thomas, Nigel; Mikulan, Krunoslav (2006). The Yugoslav Wars (2): Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia 1992–2001. Osprey Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-84176-964-6.
  18. "National Insignia". Government of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 2016-08-21. the three national colours (white, blue and red) of Carniola - the central historic state on the territory of the Slovenian people - are used
  19. "Sport in Slovenia" (PDF). Government Communication Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 2016-08-21. The Olympic Committee of Slovenia suggests that sports organisations use the following ratio when designing national sports equipment: 50% green, 30% blue and 20% white.
  20. "Design of The New Zealand Orders Insignia". The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Government of New Zealand. Archived from the original on 2017-06-21. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
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