National Party (Syria)

The National Party (Arabic: حزب الوطني Ḥizb Al-Waṭanī; French: Parti National) was a Syrian political party founded in 1948, eventually dissolving in 1963. It grew out of the National Bloc, which opposed the Ottomans in Syria, and later demanded independence from the French mandate. While dominant party in 1940s and early 1950s, it was replaced by his pro-Hashemite rival, the People's Party.

National Party

حزب الوطني
LeaderShukri al-Quwatli
Founded1948 (1948)
Dissolved1963 (1963)
Split fromNational Bloc
IdeologyArab nationalism[1][2][3]
Political positionCentre-right

In 1936, leaders of the National Bloc (Hashim al-Atassi, Saadallah al-Jabiri, Lutfi al-Haffar, Jamil Mardam Bey, Shukri al-Quwatli, Nasib al-Bakri, Ibrahim Hananu, Sultan Basha al-Atrash, Faris al-Khoury, Saleh al-Ali, Faisal Najib, Honorary Sami Al Baroudi and Mohamed Alomar) sent a delegation to France demanding independence. The delegation was headed by Hashim Atassi and included Saadallah al-Jabiri, Faris al-Khoury, Jamil Mardam Bey, Ministers Odmon Humusi and Amir Naim Mustafa al-Shihabi with Antioch as General Secretary.

A new political movement with the same name, but no direct connection to the historical National Party, was established in 2005 in support of the Bashar Al-Assad regime. The party grew in popularity because of increased use of internet communication.


  1. Bidwell 2012, p. 300.
  2. Moubayed 2006, p. 161.
  3. Perry 1997, p. 233.
  4. Tucker 2010, p. 1194.
  5. Moubayed 2013, p. 153.
  6. Yaqub 2004, p. 149.


  • Moubayed, Sami M. (2013), Syria and the USA: Washington's Relations with Damascus from Wilson to Eisenhower, I.B.Tauris, ISBN 978-1-7807-6768-0
  • Bidwell, Robin (2012), Dictionary Of Modern Arab Histor, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-7103-0505-3
  • Tucker, Spencer C. (2010), The Encyclopedia of Middle East Wars: The United States in the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, and Iraq Conflicts: The United States in the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, and Iraq Conflicts, I.B.Tauris, ISBN 978-1-8510-9947-4
  • Moubayed, Sami M. (2006), Steel & Silk: Men and Women who Shaped Syria 1900-2000, Cune Press, ISBN 978-1-8859-4241-8
  • Yaqub, Salim (2004), Containing Arab Nationalism: The Eisenhower Doctrine and the Middle East, UNC Press Books, ISBN 978-0-8078-5508-9
  • Perry, Glenn E. (1997), The Middle East: Fourteen Islamic Centuries, Prentice Hall, ISBN 978-0-1326-6339-7
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