National Heart Institute (Malaysia)

Institut Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd (also known as National Heart Institute; abbreviation IJN), is a heart surgery centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Established in August 1, 1992, IJN provides cardiology and cardiothoracic surgery services for both adult and paediatric cases. As the national referral centre for cardiovascular disease, IJN sees new cases referred from all over the country and abroad as well as follow-up cases at the outpatient clinics.

Institut Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd
Government-linked company
FoundedAugust 1, 1992 (1992-08-01)
HeadquartersNo. 145, Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Key people
Mohd Nasir Ashraf, Chairman
Mohd Azhari Yakub, Chief Executive Officer
ParentMinister of Finance Incorporated

IJN is currently expanding to increase the facilities and is expected to complete by 2nd quarter of 2009. Upon completion, IJN will have a total of 432 beds specially dedicated for heart treatment and will be one of the largest heart centres in the region.

In March 2019, pioneer surgeon Tan Sri Dr. Yahya Awang announces the takeover of IJN by the Ministry of Health from the Ministry of Finance.[1]


  • 1960s – Cardiology and Cardiothoracic services are only available in missionary hospitals in Malaysia
  • 1970s – Cardiology and Cardiothoracic services available in University Hospital
  • 1981 – Establishment of Cardiology Department in General Hospital Kuala Lumpur
  • 1982 – Establishment of Cardiothoracic Surgery Department in General Hospital Kuala Lumpur
  • 1992 – Establishment of Institut Jantung Negara (IJN), Malaysia's premier heart centre and the first medical services corporatised in the country
  • 2005 – Institut Jantung Negara was placed under IJN Holdings Sdn Bhd
  • IJN is a limited company with 99.99% equity ownership by the Malaysian Government under the Minister of Finance Incorporated


IJN Holdings Sdn Bhd

  • Owned by Ministry of Finance
  • Incorporated in 2005
  • Investment holding company for the IJN Group
  • Responsible for strategic development, corporate development and capital resource management for Institut Jantung Negara

Institut Jantung Negara Sdn Bhd

  • Operates under Institut Jantung Negara (IJN) or the National Heart Institute a regionally and globally known tertiary heart care centre
  • Incorporated on 1 August 1992
  • Responsible for hospital operations and research

IJN Capital Sdn Bhd

  • Special purpose vehicle for fund raising
  • Protection of risk and liabilities of fund raising from the hospital operations

IJN College Sdn Bhd

  • Incorporated in January 2007
  • Owns IJN College / College of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Sciences
  • Nation’s first (1st) post basic training and education centre, specializing in cardiac care.

IJN Foundation

  • Established in 1995
  • To raise philanthropic support for IJN
  • Raises and manages private funds for:
    • Cutting edge research
    • Scholarship, education and training
    • Patients’ welfare

Patient Volumes & Revenues

  • Over 150,000 total patients treated per year
  • Government referred patients are the main contributor
  • Over 100,000 total Government patients treated per year
  • Average Rate of Patient Growth from year 2002–2006 is 5.5%
  • Average Rate of Turnover Growth from year 2002–2006 is 13.2%

Track Record

  • Total number of patients treated: More than 200,000
  • Total number of surgeries (open heart, closed heart and thoracic) performed: 38,518
  • Total number of Invasive Cardiology procedures performed: 87,092
  • Total number of non-invasive investigation tests performed: 573,847
  • Total admission: 143,202
  • Total outpatient attendance: 1,135,110
  • Average length of stay (2007): 6.1 days
  • Average bed occupancy rate (2007): 76.7%

Human Resources

  • The largest medical team with 85 qualified consultant, cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, paediatric cardiologists and anaesthetists in the country
  • Over 1,000 employees
  • Almost 500 nurses


Outpatient Services

  • Cardiology
    • new case referral
    • follow up cases
    • non-invasive investigations
    • Executive Screening Programme (ESP)
    • 24-hour emergency services
  • Cardiothoracic Surgery
    • new case referral
    • pre & post surgical consultations
  • Allied Health Services
    • diet counselling
    • cardiac rehabilitation
    • patient counselling
    • CT Scan

Inpatient Services

  • Cardiology
    • management of unstable angina, heart attack, heart failure
    • invasive procedure : diagnostic (catheterisation, angiogram, electrophysiology study (EPS))
    • therapeutic procedure : (angioplasty, Radio Frequency Ablation, Arterial/Ventricular Septal Defect by Occluder)
  • Cardiothoracic Surgery
    • open heart surgery
    • closed heart surgery
    • thoracic surgery
    • heart transplant
    • lung transplant


Current Building

  • One of the largest medical institutions in Malaysia; 82,000 square meters
  • 270-bedded hospital comprises suites, Junior Suites, Executive Deluxe, Standard Single, Double-bedded, Three-bedded, Five-bedded and six-bedded rooms
  • Eight general wards for cardiology and cardiothoracic cases
  • 18-bedded Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
  • 12-bedded Coronary Care Unit (CCU)
  • 10-bedded Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
  • 5 Operating Theatres
  • 4 Invasive Cardiovascular Laboratories
  • 11-bedded day care ward
  • 6-bedded 24-hour Emergency Department

New Building (Open in 2009)

  • New facilities with a total addition of 192 beds
  • 158 beds for Phase B & C with a space provision of 34 beds for future expansion
  • New Invasive Cardiovascular Laboratories (6 units)
  • New Operating Theatre Complex (4 OTs)
  • New Intensive Care Unit (30 beds)
  • New Coronary Care Unit (24 beds)
  • Dialysis Centre
  • Health Screening Centre<
  • Cafes and shops

Awards and accomplishments

  • 1992
    • Performed 1st Open Heart Surgery & Angioplasty
  • 1996
    • Performed 1st Automatic Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator
  • 1997
    • Best Presentation Award (pediatric Cardiology Team) at the Royal Children's Hospital International Symposium in Melbourne, Australia
    • Performed 1st Heart Transplant in the country
    • Performed 1st ASD Occlusion
  • 2002
    • Paper entitled "Bilateral Aorta Iliac Occlusion won 1st prize in "Best of Asia Interventions" competition
    • Won an award in the Technical Services Improvement Project category at Asian Hospital Management Award held in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2003
    • Performed 1st awake CABG in the nation and regionally
  • 2004
    • Awarded ISO 9000:2001 Certification
    • Awarded UKAS Quality Management Certification
    • Performed 1st stem cell transplantation which is reckoned to be the 1st in the region
  • 2005
    • Awarded Malaysian Society for Quality in Health Accreditation (MSQH)
    • Performed 1st Single Lung Transplant
    • Awarded the International Dietetic Network Star Award by the American Overseas Dietetics Association (AODA) – Dietetic and Dietary Manager, the first Asian and Malaysian to receive this award from AODA for year 2005
    • Performed Implanted IVAD, a mechanical heart
    • Performed single lung transplant
  • 2006
    • Performed 1st Double Lung Transplant
    • Performed Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation



  1. Loh Foon Fong (8 March 2019). Pioneer heart surgeon wants IJN to be put under the Health Ministry The Star Online. Retrieved on 21 April 2019.

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