National Film Development Corporation Malaysia
The National Film Development Corporation Malaysia (Malay: Perbadanan Kemajuan Filem Nasional), abbreviated FINAS, is the central government agency for the film industry of Malaysia. FINAS is similar to the Motion Picture Association of America in the United States. In 2012, Filem Negara Malaysia (FNM) was merged with FINAS to form a single agency. Actor Hans Isaac is the current chairman of Finas since 10 April 2019, succeeding Samsuni Mohd Nor.
|Perbadanan Kemajuan Filem Nasional Malaysia|
|Formed||26 July 1980|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Malaysia|
|Headquarters||Studio Merdeka Complex, Ulu Klang Road, 68000 Ampang, Selangor|
|Parent department||Ministry of Communications and Multimedia|
The National Film Development Corporation (FINAS) is the result of a decision made by the National Film Development Committee set up by the Malaysian government on 26 July 1980 to devise ways to develop a film company in Malaysia. The result of the National Film Development Committee's National Film Development Corporation (or FINAS) was set up in 1981, and started operation in Jalan Ampang then moved to Studio Merdeka Complex, Hulu Kelang on 19 December 1988, when Tan Sri Abdul Samad Idris was the chairman of Finas.
Starting from 27 December 2004, FINAS was later placed under the Ministry of Culture, Arts and Heritage of Malaysia and was the agency of the Ministry of Arts and Heritage Culture Unity beginning in 2008. From April 2008 FINAS was placed under the Ministry of Information Communication and Culture.
Finas is involved in the promotion of filming in Malaysia, and with the implementation of the Investors Promotion Act, 1986 also censured local film and video production activities. Finas also established the Film Academy in 1987, aimed at providing short term formal training, certificate and diploma levels to employees interested in film production. In addition, local filmmakers also enjoy the government's financial incentives under the Entertainment Grants Scheme.
To encourage filmmaking in Malaysia, Finas also provided assistance in the form of loan facilities and rental of shooting equipment as well as film production facilities, preview halls and studios. The government also assisted local filmmakers by offering 50% off government television advertisements by the Ministry of Information. The government has also enforced the Compulsory Terms from January 1991 in the effort to develop the Malaysian film industry administered by Finas.
Malaysian Film Festival
Malaysian Film Festival (Malay: Festival Filem Malaysia), is a film award ceremony carried by Entertainment Journalists Association of Malaysia (EJA) to appreciate and honouring the products of film arts and artists. The formal ceremony at which the awards are presented is one of the most prominent award ceremonies and the highlights for the film industry in Malaysia and is televised live on local television, annually. It is considered to be Malaysia's own equivalent to the Academy Awards in the United States and it is among one of the major annual awards presented in Malaysia, alongside the Anugerah Bintang Popular for the entire entertainment industry, and Anugerah Industri Muzik for the music industry. Starting with the third inauguration, FFM was no longer being organise by EJA, but instead taken over by Finas after the second organisation of the awards ceremony.
Skim Wajib Tayang
The Skim Wajib Tayang (Compulsory Screening Scheme) is a regulation that conducted by FINAS to authorise a Compulsory Scheme Committee to consider and accept any local film or joint venture film (local and overseas) for compulsory viewing on the movie hall by the cinema operators, in accordance with the provisions of the Finas' Order which enforced on 23 June 2005 and has been revamped in 2016.
Merge with Filem Negara
On 28 November 2012, Finas and Filem Negara Malaysia was merged to form a single film corporation. The merging was made to make the corporation would be responsible for the development of the local film industry to avoid wastage of funds and overlapping of provision of infrastructure.
- "FINAS: About Us". Retrieved 17 January 2011.
- FINAS Dan Filem Negara Digabung Bagi Wujud Perbadanan Perfileman Tunggal Umno Online. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- Fara Aisyah (11 April 2019). "Hans Isaac named as Finas new chairman". The Malaysian Reserve. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- "Cabaran pembikinan filem masa kini". Kosmo!. 25 October 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Finas urged to strengthen local film industry". The Malaysian Times. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
- Shazryn Mohd Faizal (6 August 2015). "Tiada lagi layanan manja daripada Finas". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Festival Filem Malaysia Kini Membanggakan". Perbadanan Kemajuan Filem National Malaysia, Kementerian Penerangan Komunikasi Dan Kebudayaan, I-Insan Multimedia SDN BHD. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- "Best Film Award category at FMM open to all, FINAS abides ministry decision". Malaysia Outlook. 6 August 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Finas gubal semula Skim Wajib Tayang". Astro Awani. 29 January 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- "Syarat Skim Wajib Tayang Tempatan Bakal Dirombak". mSTAR Online. 9 December 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- FINAS and Filem Negara Malaysia to merge The Malaysian Times (29 November 2012). Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- Finas, Filem Negara To Merge Malaysia Digest (29 November 2012). Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- "'Film in Malaysia Incentive' destinasi hab filem". KWIKnews. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2018.