National Farmers' Union of England and Wales
The National Farmers' Union (NFU) is a member organisation/industry association for farmers in England and Wales. It is the largest farmers' organisation in the countries, and has over 300 branch offices.
|Full name||National Farmers' Union|
|Members||55,000 Farmer and Grower members, 34,000 Countryside members|
|Key people||Officeholders: Minette Batters, President; Guy Smith, Deputy President; Stuart Roberts, Vice President; Terry Jones, Director General.|
|Office location||Agriculture House, Stoneleigh Park, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, England, CV8 2TZ|
|Country||England and Wales|
On 10 December 1908, a meeting was held in an ante-room at the Smithfield Show to discuss whether a national organisation should be formed to represent the interests of farmers. The outcome was the National Farmers' Union (NFU).
The first President, Colin Campbell, worked to get new branches off the ground, encourage membership and establish the NFU's credibility with Government, at a time when farming was going through the longest and deepest depression in its history, as imports of cheap grain and frozen meat flooded in from abroad.
At the 1918 general election, the union ran six candidates, none of whom were elected. In 1922, it sponsored three unsuccessful candidates under its own name, and four successful Conservative Party candidates. It again sponsored Conservative candidates in 1923 and 1935, but has not done so since.
1918 general election
|Barnard Castle||Octavius Monkhouse||1,274||10.0|
|East Norfolk||William Benjamin Taylor||1,926||12.3||3|
|Hertford||Edmond Broughton Barnard||7,158||38.8||2|
|Leominster||Ernest Wilfred Langford||2,870||17.4||3|
|Richmond (Yorkshire)||William Parlour||4,907||33.2||2|
Barnard was also sponsored by the National Party.
1922 general election
|Howdenshire||H. J. Winn||7,021||39.5||2|
|Rutland and Stamford||E. Clark||4,471||20.3||3|
Blundell, Bruford, Lamb and Shepperson stood for the Conservative Party.
1923 general election
All candidates stood for the Conservative Party.
1924 general election
Both candidates stood for the Conservative Party.
1935 general election
Two candidates were sponsored and elected for the Conservative Party.
The NFU is governed by its Constitution and Rules. Under the Constitution and Rules the NFU shall maintain a number of bodies, which are responsible for the Governance of the NFU. These include NFU Council, Governance Board, Policy Board, National Commodity Boards, Regional Commodity Boards, an Audit and Remuneration Committee and Legal Board and Regional Boards.
NFU Cymru is based at the Royal Welsh Showground in Builth Wells.
- National Farmers' Union of Scotland
- Ulster Farmers Union
- British Agriculture Bureau - its base in Brussels
- Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
- NFU Mutual
- Craig, F. W. S. (1975). Minor Parties in British By-elections, 1885-1974. London: Macmillan Press. p. 56.
- "About Us". NFU. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "NFU Democratic Structure". NFUonline. NFU. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Chris Cook, The Routledge Guide to British Political Archives: Sources Since 1945 (Routledge: 2006), p. 345.