Nasz Dziennik

Nasz Dziennik ("Our Daily") is a Polish-language Roman-Catholic daily newspaper published six times a week in Warsaw, Poland. It is connected to the Lux Veritatis Foundation.[2] Its viewpoint has been described as right-wing[3] to far-right (harking back to the prewar National Democracy political movement),[4] and is supportive of the Traditionalist Catholicism "closed church".[4][5][6]

Nasz Dziennik
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatCompact
PublisherSpes sp. z o.o., Warsaw [1]
Editor-in-chiefEwa Nowina-Konopka
Founded1998 (1998)
LanguagePolish
HeadquartersWarsaw
ISSN1429-4834
OCLC number613125892
Websitewww.naszdziennik.pl

History and profile

Nasz Dziennik was established in 1998. The paper is published by Spes Ltd.[7]

Nasz Dziennik is a far-right publication whose editorial policies combine radical Catholicism with Polish nationalism.[4] Similarly to the closely linked Radio Maryja, the newspaper adheres to the "Closed Church" movement, which rejects the determinations of the Second Vatican Council. The newspaper was an influential antisemitic information channel.[6][5]

Articles in Nasz Dziennik have been supportive of conversion therapy (or "reparative therapy", Odwaga) for homosexuality which is viewed by Nasz Dziennik as a form of disease or corruption. Robert Biedroń, president of Campaign Against Homophobia, filed a lawsuit against a Nasz Dziennik columnist over references to homosexuality as a disease.[8] Sociologist Adam Ostolski has compared Nasz Dziennik's homophobic discourse with the antisemitic discourse of the kindred Mały Dziennik of the 1930s.[9] Nasz Dziennik is known for opposing what it calls a "civilisation of death", and opposed the 2004 march against homophobia in Kraków.[10]

Nasz Dziennik frequently harks back to the pre-World War II National Democracy (Endecja) movement,[11] which advocated an exclusionary definition of "Polishness", and itself calls for Polish society's cleansing of "alien" elements. Nasz Dziennik also frequently harks back to the "Poles' Five Truths", first formulated in the late 1930s and cited by present-day Polish nationalists. During the public debate in Poland over the 1941 Jedwabne pogrom, Nasz Dziennik denied Polish involvement and published antisemitic letters as well as "scholarly" articles explaining the pogrom as revenge for treasonous actions by Jewish communists.[4] Nasz Dziennik opposed a Polish national apology for Jedwabne as "unnecessary submission and compliance", which would invite further "demands, libel, accusations, and blackmail from the all-powerful Jewish lobby".[12] During the debate over the Auschwitz cross, Nasz Dziennik defended the cross, publishing articles on the matter that ranged from informative to antisemitic.[4]

Nasz Dziennik has opposed the enlargement of the European Union, in part due to concerns over prospective land sales to foreigners.[13][14] Clergymen writing in Nasz Dziennik have painted a picture of a modern day Europe in which "dangerous others": liberals, Jews, atheists, masons gather; these opponents are also seen as having an internal "fifth column" inside Poland which is heretical and cosmopolitan.[15]

Nasz Dziennik initially refrained from reporting on the "sex affair" (pl:Seksafera w Samoobronie) involving Andrzej Lepper and Stanisław Łyżwiński; however, after it became an allegedly political matter, Nasz Dziennik articles on the subject referred to "conspiracy-related arguments" and alleged that Gazeta Wyborcza was involved in a "coup d'état".[16] Following the 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash, Nasz Dziennik wrote about Soviet-era atrocities such as the murder of priests and the Katyn massacre, using the adjective "Russian" instead of "Soviet" in an attempt to blame the modern Russian regime for past Soviet crimes. Nasz Dziennik further compared the investigation of the crash, which it saw as faulty, with the Soviets' cover-up of the Katyn massacre.[17] Nasz Dziennik refers to the crash as a "Russian plot" or as the "Katyn catastrophe".

Nasz Dziennik's editor-in-chief is Ewa Nowina Konopka, and one of its main sources of revenue is advertising at both local and national levels.[18] Nasz Dziennik is part of an independent Catholic media conglomerate founded by Father Tadeusz Rydzyk,[19] director of the Lux Veritatis Foundation, which owns the Trwam TV channel and the Radio Maryja radio station.[20]

Nasz Dziennik's circulation was 129,500 in January–February 2001;[7] about 150,000 in 2007.[21] According to the newspaper Rzeczpospolita, alternate sources gave its 1999 circulation as 250,000[22] and its 1998 readership as 600,000.[23]

Bookshops

Nasz Dziennik operates bookshops in Warsaw and Kraków.[24]

TV Trwam presence

Nasz Dziennik journalists present their opinions every Friday night in "Warto zauważyć" ("Worth noting").[25]

References

  1. WorldCat (2018), Nasz dziennik. Warszawa: "Spes", 2002- Polish.
  2. "O nas". naszdziennik.pl. Retrieved 24 April 2019. Nasz Dziennik is a nationwide newspaper that appears daily. [Nasz Dziennik jest ogólnopolską gazetą, ukazującą się codziennie.]
  3. Klezmer's Afterlife: An Ethnography of the Jewish Music Revival in Poland and Germany, Magdalena Waligorska, page 194
  4. Starnawski, Marcin (2003). "Nationalist discourse and the ultra-conservative press in contemporary Poland: A case study of Nasz Dziennik". Patterns of Prejudice. 37: 65–81. doi:10.1080/0031322022000054349.
  5. Rethinking Poles and Jews: Troubled Past, Brighter Future, edited by Robert D. Cherry, Annamaria Orla-Bukowska, Rowman & Littlefield, page 160
  6. Michlic, Joanna (2004). "'The Open Church' and 'the Closed Church' and the discourse on Jews in Poland between 1989 and 2000". Communist and Post-Communist Studies. 37 (4): 461–479. doi:10.1016/j.postcomstud.2004.09.006.
  7. "Polish national dailies - circulation and sales". OBP. Archived from the original on 4 March 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  8. Hall, Dorota. "Religion and homosexuality in the public domain: Polish debates about reparative therapy." European Societies 19.5 (2017): 600-622.
  9. Graff, Agnieszka. "Looking at pictures of gay men: Political uses of homophobia in contemporary Poland." Public Culture 22.3 (2010): 583-603.
  10. Tornquist-Plewa, B., and Agnes Malmgren. "Homophobia and nationalism in Poland: The reactions to the March Against Homophobia in Cracow 2004." Trondheim: Trondheim Studies on East European Cultures and Societies (2007).
  11. B. Sobczak, Medialne obrazy świata z perspektywy retorycznej (na przykładzie recepcji medialnej śmierci i pochówku Czesława Miłosza), „Poznańskie Studia Polonistyczne. Seria Językoznawcza”, 18, 2011, 2, s. 37.
  12. Varieties of Antisemitism: History, Ideology, Discourse, chapter by Zygmunt Mazur, University of Delaware Press, page 195
  13. The Post-Communist Condition: Public and private discourses of transformation, chapter by Michal Buchowski, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 33
  14. Beyond the Borders of Baptism: Catholicity, Allegiances, and Lived Identities, edited by Michael L. Budde, chapter by Slavica Jakelic, Cascade Books, page 107
  15. Leszczyńska, Katarzyna. "The Roman Catholic Church in Poland vis-à-vis Europe and the Processes of European Integration. Three Pictures of Europe." Religion, Politics, and Values in Poland. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2017. 61-84.
  16. The Post-Communist Condition: Public and private discourses of transformation, chapter by Natalia Krzyzanowska, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 120
  17. Lupion, Miranda. "National Memory and Divisive Narrative Building in Poland’s 2010 Presidential Election." Polish Political Science Review 5.1 (2017): 5-21.
  18. Biura Ogłoszeń; Ogłoszenia wymiarowe i reklamy. Nasz Dziennik, 2011. Warsaw.
  19. Ryszard Filas; Pawe Paneta (2009). "Media in Poland and Public Discourse". In Andrea Czepek; et al. (eds.). Press Freedom and Pluralism in Europe. Bristol: Intellect. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  20. "Rydzyk to build leisure complex." Polskie Radio, Warsaw, 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  21. Nakłady wszystkich tytułów prasowych (PDF 133.6 KB) Archived 30 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine University of Zielona Góra, 2007. (in Polish) Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  22. Stefan Auer (2004). Liberal Nationalism in Central Europe. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-31479-4.
  23. Ulric R. Nichol (2007). Focus on Politics and Economics of Russia and Eastern Europe. Nova Publishers. ISBN 978-1-60021-317-5.
  24. https://naszdziennik.pl/polska-kraj/55292,warto-zauwazyc.html
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