Nanny state is a term of British origin that conveys a view that a government or its policies are overprotective or interfering unduly with personal choice. The term "nanny state" likens government to the role that a nanny has in child rearing. An early usage of the term comes from Conservative British Member of Parliament Iain Macleod who referred to "what I like to call the nanny state" in the 3 December 1965 edition of The Spectator.
The New York World-Telegram and Sun of 12 February 1954 reported Health Minister Iain MacLeod's press conference in the UK where he stated "there is a definite relationship -- not clearly understood -- between smoking and cancer of the lung," following a three year study of the Parliament Advisory Committee on Cancer.
MacLeod chain smoked throughout the conference ... while stating that there could be many factors involved other than tobacco. The UK tobacco companies had offered $700,000 to the Medical Research Council for research on lung cancer.
Uses of term
The term has been used to describe the policies of both federal and state governments. Canadian journalist and magazine publisher Tyler Brûlé argued that Australian cities were becoming over-sanitised and the country was on the verge of becoming the world's dumbest nation. This was blamed on the removal of personal responsibility and the increase in the number and scope of health and safety laws. Liberal Democrats senator David Leyonhjelm also used the term when launching an Australian Senate enquiry into laws and regulations that restrict personal choice "for the individual's own good". The term has also been used to criticise mandatory bicycle helmet laws, gun control laws, prohibitions on alcohol in public places, plain packaging for cigarettes and pub/club lockout laws.
The term was used by the New Zealand National Party to describe the policies of their political opponents, the Fifth Labour Government, who were in power from 1999 until 2008. The child policies of the National Party's Paula Bennett were later given the 'nanny state' label by a Māori Community Law Service manager. The Queenstown Lakes District Council recently proposed restrictions on residents renting their room's on the short term rental site, Airbnb, prompted criticism from the company, describing the move as a "nanny state".
The city state of Singapore has a reputation as a "nanny state", owing to the considerable number of government regulations and restrictions on its citizens' lives. Former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, the architect of the modern Singapore, observed: "If Singapore is a nanny state, then I am proud to have fostered one". In an interview in the Straits Times in 1987, Lee said:
I am often accused of interfering in the private lives of citizens. Yes, if I did not, had I not done that, we wouldn’t be here today. And I say without the slightest remorse, that we wouldn’t be here, we would not have made economic progress, if we had not intervened on very personal matters–who your neighbour is, how you live, the noise you make, how you spit, or what language you use. We decide what is right. Never mind what the people think.
In 2004, King's Fund, a think tank, conducted a survey of more than 1,000 people and found that most favoured policies that combatted behaviour such as eating a poor diet and public smoking—this was reported by the BBC as the public favouring a nanny state.
The British Labour Party politician Margaret Hodge has defended policies she acknowledged had been labelled as "nanny state", saying at a speech to the Institute for Public Policy Research on November 26, 2004 that "some may call it the nanny state but I call it a force for good".
The "Soft Drinks Industry Levy", the UK's sugary drink tax proposed in 2016 and effective from 2018, was described by Member of Parliament Will Quince as "patronizing, regressive and the nanny state at its worst".
Although the term is undefined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, it has entered use in the United States over the past decade by some political commentators. For example, Dean Baker of the Center for Economic and Policy Research think tank used the term in 2006 to describe conservative policies that protect the income of the rich.
Conversely, the term is also used in an at-large sense against the legislative tendencies of contemporary liberal political ideology, with examples such as progressive banishment of tobacco smoking and the enactment of mandatory bicycle helmet laws.
David Harsanyi used the term to describe food labeling regulations, the legal drinking age and socially conservative government policies. Another example of criticism was the response to New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg's May 2012 proposal to restrict the sale of soft drinks in venues, restaurants and sidewalk carts to 16 ounces.
- "nanny, n.1 and adj". OED Online. Oxford University Press. December 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- 70 m.p.h., The Spectator, 3 December 1965, p. 11.
- "Nanny state rules making Australia 'world's dumbest nation'". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2015-05-27. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
- "David Leyonhjelm declares war on nanny state". The Australian. 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
- "Welcome to Australia: the world's most over-regulated nanny state". The Daily Telegraph. 2015-08-12. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
- Collins, Simon (2012-01-27). "Child policy smacks of nanny state, says critic". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- "Auckland's big time 'commercial' Airbnb hosts could be pinged with higher council rates". Amanda Corp. Business Today.
- Time for Singapore to Grow Up, Bloomberg News, March 29, 2015
- Lee Kuan Yew: Singapore's 'founding father' dies in hospital aged 91 after suffering with pneumonia, Daily Mirror, 22 March 2015
- 5 Quotes From Singapore's Lee Kuan Yew, 23 March 2015
- "UK public wants a 'nanny state'". BBC News. 2004-06-28. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- "'Nanny state' minister under fire". BBC News. 2004-11-26.
- Neville, Sarah (17 March 2016). "UK tax on sugary drinks is 'nannying' and 'impractical'". Financial Times.
- James, Frank (May 31, 2012). "Bloomberg Becomes Nanny-State Epitome For Some, Giving Obama A Breather". NPR: it's all politics.
- Baker, Dean (2006). The Conservative Nanny State: How the Wealthy Use the Government to Stay Rich and Get Richer. Washington, D.C.: Center for Economic and Policy Research. ISBN 978-1-4116-9395-1. OCLC 71423207.
- The Real Reason Behind Public Smoking Bans, PBS, July 8, 2013
- Harsanyi, David. (2007) Nanny state: how food fascists, teetotaling do-gooders, priggish moralists, and other boneheaded bureaucrats are turning America into a nation of children. p. 67-68 Random House, Inc. ISBN 0-7679-2432-0 OCLC 777893300
- Grynbaum, Michael (May 31, 2012). "New York Plans to Ban Sale of Big Sizes of Sugary Drinks". New York Times. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
The measures have led to occasional derision of the mayor as Nanny Bloomberg, by those who view the restrictions as infringements on personal freedom.
- DiLorenzo, Thomas J.; Bennett, James T. (1997). What Next for the Nanny State?. St. Louis, MO: Center for the Study of American Business (now the Weidenbaum Center), Washington University. OCLC 38063902.
- Bennett, James T.; Di Lorenzo, Thomas J. (1999). The Food and Drink Police: America's Nannies, Busybodies, and Petty Tyrants. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. ISBN 9781560003854. OCLC 60213705.
- Huntington, Robert (2004). The Nanny State. London: Artnik. ISBN 9781903906507. OCLC 59266226.
- Baker, Dean (2006). The Conservative Nanny State: How the Wealthy Use the Government to Stay Rich and Get Richer. Washington, DC: Center for Economic and Policy Research. ISBN 9781411693951. OCLC 71423207.
- Hills, Simon (2006). Strictly No! How We're Being Overrun by the Nanny State. Edinburgh: Mainstream. ISBN 9781845961558. OCLC 74964546.
- King, Thomas J. (2009). War on Smokers and the Rise of the Nanny State. New York: iUniverse. ISBN 9781440123047. OCLC 610003402.
- Coote, Anna (26 May 2004). "Nanny madness". The Guardian.
- Basham, Patrick. "From the nanny state to the bully state." Institute of Public Affairs Review: A Quarterly Review of Politics and Public Affairs, The 62.1 (2010): 24.
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