Nanjing Fuzimiao

Nanjing Fuzimiao (Chinese: 南京夫子庙) or Fuzimiao (Chinese: 夫子庙; literally: 'Confucian Temple'), is located in southern Nanjing City on banks of the Qinhuai River.

Nanjing Fuzimiao
Native name
Chinese: 南京夫子庙
Kuiguang/Kuixing Pavilion (魁光阁/魁星阁)
Location128 Zinyhan Road, Nanjing, China
Coordinates32.022579°N 118.783786°E / 32.022579; 118.783786
Built1034 originally A.D.; the current structure was built in the 19th century

History

In first year of Jianwu reign of Jin Dynasty (CE 317), Nanking Imperial University was founded, initially on northern bank of Qinhuai River, and in the 3rd year of Xiankang (CE 337) the campus extended to southern bank. Temple of Confucius was firstly constructed in the national school in the 9th year of Taiyuan (CE 384). The place was later destroyed. In the 1st year of Jingyou during Song Dynasty (CE 1034), Confucius Temple was newly constructed on former site of imperial university, and was called Fuzimiao area along with Nanking Fuxue.[2][3] The place became Imperial University again in 1365 in the early year of Ming Dynasty, and sixteen years later recovered to be the campus of Fuxue. During Qing Dynasty, there were two Xianxue (county schools of Shangyuan and Jiangning) in Fuzimiao area. In the end of Qing a primary school jointly sponsored by counties of Nanjing (Jiangning Fu) was established there. The current buildings date from the 19th century, in Qing Dynasty, with additions made since then. The temple lost all financial support by the state as a result of the revolution of 1911. During the late 1920s to 1931 and again in 1932 it was used as army barracks for troops the KMT regime and left in a dilapidated state. Some halls were used as picture gallery.[4] In 1985 Fuzimiao area was restored.

There is Jiangnan Gongyuan near Fuzimiao Temple. It's the largest imperial examination hall in Ming and Qing dynasties.

Throughout its history, the temple along with the around area has been a place for study of Confucianism. There is a small exhibit of folkart within the temple.[5]

It was a place to worship and consecrate Confucius, the great philosopher and educator of ancient China. [6]

Best time for visit

The temple can be visited throughout the year. However, in the summer, temple is usually more crowded with tourists. Although the winter months are particularly cold, people can attend a notable festival during the first month of the lunar year called Lantern Festival, which makes a good time to visit. [7]

Lantern Festival

Qinhuai International Lantern Festival is very famous in Nanjing. It attracts people coming from all over the world. Each lunar year, people pay a visit to the Confucius Temple where it holds Qinhuai International Lantern Festival. This festival's name comes from the river, Qinhuan River, that flows around the Confucius Temple. There are many different types of lanterns, some of lanterns resemble giant dogs, dragons, flowers and much more. In the past, bamboo strips were used as the framework of the lanterns, paper as the covering, and candles as the lighting. Now, lantern are made by steel, silk, and LED lights for safe and durable purposes. Lantern is one of the famous traditional art forms in China. It exists in Chinese history for a very long time. Lantern festival also reminds people to remember those traditional buildings from which the lanterns hang. [9]

Cruise

In the Fuzimiao, Qinhuai River flows through it. Taking the painted boats to cruise on the Qinhuai River, people can see 50 to 60 original village sites have been found on the banks. Visitors can also see a combination of historical sites, gardens, painted boats, streets and folk customs. By taking the boats, people can experience the traditional culture of Nanjing. Visitors can take boats at different wharfs along the river (there is Panchi Wharf, located in front of Dacheng Hall of Confucius Temple, Wuding Gate Wharf, Wharf of Kuixing Ge, and Stone City Wharf). On the boat, people can enjoy Chinese traditional music performed by boat girls and boys with Gu Qin while they are eating local snacks.[10]

Directions

Take Nanjing Metro Line 1 to Sanshanjie Station. Use Exit 3, turn right onto Shengzhou Road. Cross the next big street, continue on Jiankang Road. Walk past the traditional gate to the small square with the park, turn right onto the pedestrian shopping street (look for the signs of the famous coffee and ice cream chain stores). Walk all the way to the end of that street. The temple is on the large square opposite the wall with the yellow dragon.

References

  1. "File:Nanjing FuziMiao DaZhaobi3.jpg", Wikipedia, retrieved 2019-12-10
  2. Fuzimiao
  3. Nanjing Fuzimiao
  4. Krug, Hans Joachim (*1893); Wanderungen und Wandlungen in China; Berlin 1941 (Scherl), p. 44-5, 53 (based on a visits 1930-3)
  5. DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: China. DK Publishing; 1 June 2012. ISBN 978-0-7566-9328-2. p. 222.
  6. "Confucius Temple|Fuzimiao|Nanjing Scenery Guide|China Travel Guide". www.discoverchinatours.com. Retrieved 2019-12-05.
  7. "Confucius Temple ( Fuzimiao ) Nanjing". www.visitourchina.com. Retrieved 2019-12-05.
  8. "File:Lanterns in Nanjing Fuzimiao.jpg", Wikipedia, retrieved 2019-12-05
  9. YoungSTARS, Arts for (2019-02-28). "Art + Tradition: The Nanjing Lanterns". Medium. Retrieved 2019-12-05.
  10. "Nanjing Qinhuai River Cruise, Scenery along Qinhuai River". www.travelchinaguide.com. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
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