Nancowry Island

Nancowry (Nancowry: Mūöt, Hindi: नन्कोव्री Nankovri) is an island in the central part of the Nicobar Islands chain, located in the northeast Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.

Nancowry Island
Native name:
Mūöt
Hindi: नन्कोव्री

Nickname: Nankovri
Nancowry Island
Nancowry Island
Geography
LocationBay of Bengal
Coordinates7.98°N 93.55°E / 7.98; 93.55
ArchipelagoNicobar Islands
Adjacent bodies of waterIndian Ocean
Total islands1
Major islands
  • Nancowry Island
Area47 km2 (18 sq mi)[1]
Length11.2 km (6.96 mi)
Width7.5 km (4.66 mi)
Coastline47 km (29.2 mi)
Highest elevation162 m (531 ft)
Administration
DistrictNicobar
Island groupNicobar Islands
Subdivisions of IndiaNancowry Subdivision
TalukNancowry tehsil
Largest settlementMayo (Malacca) Point (pop. 516)
Demographics
Population1019 (2011)
Pop. density21.7 /km2 (56.2 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsHindu, Nicobarese
Additional information
Time zone
PIN744301
Telephone code03192
ISO codeIN-AN-00[2]
Official websitewww.and.nic.in
Literacy84.4%
Avg. summer temperature32.0 °C (89.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature28.0 °C (82.4 °F)
Sex ratio/
Census Code35.638.0002
Official LanguagesHindi, English, Tamil
Car (regional)

History

In 1755, the government of Denmark formally claimed sovereignty over Nicobars, under the name of Frederiksøerne (Frederik Islands) and encouraged a mission established by the Moravian Brethren of Herrnhut. Along with Kamorta Island, which lies just to the north, Nancowry Island forms the "magnificent land-locked" Nancowry Harbour,[3] used by European sailors since at least the 17th century and described as "one of the safest natural harbours in the world" (). The harbour was apparently used as a base for piracy; in 1868, the British Navy entered the harbour in some force, destroying suspected pirate ships.[4][5][6]

2004 tsunami

The island, like many others in the Nicobar and Andaman islands, was severely affected by tsunamis generated by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. According to reports from the Andaman and Nicobar Inspector General of Police, S.B. Deol, the Nancowry group of islands were among the worst-hit islands in the chain, with thousands missing and presumed dead.[7] Post-tsunami satellite photos,[8][9] and government situation reports indicate that while portions of Nancowry Island were affected, the adjoining islands of Katchall and Kamorta were more severely overrun. As of January 18, 2005, the government reported only 1 dead and 3 missing from Nancowry island, but 51 dead and 387 missing from Kamorta, and 345 dead and 4310 missing from Katchall.[10]

Demography

As of the 2011 Indian census, there are 1019 persons living on Nancowry island.[11]

Geography

Nancowry Island has an area of 47 km², and located 160 km south-southeast of Car Nicobar, the northernmost Nicobar island. Nancowry, like the Nicobar islands generally, is under the sovereignty of the nation of India. It is also part of the Nicobar and Andaman Tribal Reserve Area, which bars non-native people from visiting or conducting business on the island without permission in hopes of preserving the threatened native communities that live there.[12]

Administration

The island belongs to the township of Nancowry of Nancowry tehsil.[13]

References

  1. "Islandwise Area and Population – 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman.
  2. Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  3. Temple, Richard Carnac (1911). "Nicobar Islands" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 661.
  4. Saini, Ajay (7 January 2018). "The pirates of Nicobar". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2004-06-10. Retrieved 2004-12-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2004-12-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-01-26. Retrieved 2005-01-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2004-12-17. Retrieved 2004-12-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-01-04. Retrieved 2004-12-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. Tehsils
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.