Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve
The Caves of Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara ("Caves Creek"), named here by the Hebrew and Arabic name of the valley where they are located, are a UNESCO Site of Human Evolution in the Carmel mountain range near Haifa in northern Israel.
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Official name||Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara Caves|
|Location||Mount Carmel, Israel|
|Criteria||Cultural: (iii), (v)|
|Inscription||2012 (36th Session)|
|Area||54 ha (130 acres)|
|Buffer zone||370 ha (910 acres)|
Location of Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve in Near East
Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve (Israel)
The four UNESCO-listed caves are:
- Tabun Cave or Tanur Cave (lit.: "Oven")
- Gamal Cave or el-Jamal ("Camel")
- el-Wad Cave or Nahal Cave ("Stream")
- Es-Skhul Cave or Gedi Cave ("Kid")
The four caves were proclaimed a site of "outstanding universal value" by UNESCO in 2012. They are protected within a nature reserve.
The caves were used for habitation by hominins and prehistoric humans and contain unique evidence of very early burials, at the archaeological site of el-Wad Cave in the Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve.
- UNESCO website
- "Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve - Prehistoric Humans Site". Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
- Nahal Mearot Nature Reserve
Media related to Nahal Mearot at Wikimedia Commons
- UNESCO: Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara Caves
- Nahal Me'arot recognized as World Heritage Site