Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve

The Caves of Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara ("Caves Creek"), named here by the Hebrew and Arabic name of the valley where they are located, are a UNESCO Site of Human Evolution in the Carmel mountain range near Haifa in northern Israel.[1][2]

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameSites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara Caves
LocationMount Carmel, Israel
CriteriaCultural: (iii), (v)
Reference1393
Inscription2012 (36th Session)
Area54 ha (130 acres)
Buffer zone370 ha (910 acres)
Coordinates32°40′12″N 34°57′55″E
Location of Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve in Near East
Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve (Israel)

The four UNESCO-listed caves are:

  • Tabun Cave or Tanur Cave (lit.: "Oven")
  • Gamal Cave or el-Jamal ("Camel")
  • el-Wad Cave or Nahal Cave ("Stream")
  • Es-Skhul Cave or Gedi Cave ("Kid")

The four caves were proclaimed a site of "outstanding universal value" by UNESCO[1] in 2012. They are protected within a nature reserve.[3]

The caves were used for habitation by hominins and prehistoric humans and contain unique evidence of very early burials, at the archaeological site of el-Wad Cave in the Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve.

References

  1. UNESCO website
  2. "Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve - Prehistoric Humans Site". Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  3. Nahal Mearot Nature Reserve
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