Nagano Prefecture

Nagano Prefecture (長野県, Nagano-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū.[1] Nagano Prefecture has a population of 2,052,493 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 13,561 km² (5,236 sq mi). Nagano Prefecture borders Niigata Prefecture to the north, Gunma Prefecture to the northeast, Saitama Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the southwest, Shizuoka Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south, and Gifu Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture to the west.

Nagano Prefecture

長野県
Japanese transcription(s)
  Japanese長野県
  RōmajiNagano-ken

Flag

Symbol
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
IslandHonshu
CapitalNagano
SubdivisionsDistricts: 14, Municipalities: 77
Government
  GovernorShuichi Abe
Area
  Total13,561.56 km2 (5,236.15 sq mi)
Area rank4th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total2,052,493
  Rank16th
  Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-20
Websitewww.pref.nagano.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdRock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)
FlowerGentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)
TreeWhite birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica)

Nagano is the capital and largest city of Nagano Prefecture, with other major cities including Matsumoto, Ueda, and Iida.[2] Nagano Prefecture has impressive highland areas of the Japanese Alps, including most of the Hida Mountains, Kiso Mountains, and Akaishi Mountains which extend into the neighbouring prefectures. The abundance of mountain ranges, natural scenic beauty, and rich history has gained Nagano Prefecture international recognition as a world-class winter sports tourist destination, including hosting to the 1998 Winter Olympics and a new Shinkansen line to Tokyo.

History

Geography

Nagano is an inland prefecture and it borders more prefectures than any other in Japan, bordering Gunma Prefecture, Saitama Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Niigata Prefecture to the north, Toyama Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture to the west, and Aichi Prefecture to the south. Nagano contains the point furthest from the sea in the whole of Japan—this point lies within the city of Saku. The province's mountains have made it relatively isolated, and many visitors come to Nagano for its mountain resorts and hot springs. Nine of the twelve highest mountains in Japan can be found in Nagano and one of its lakes, Lake Kizaki, is a beach resort popular for its water attractions and games.

As of 1 April 2014, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks; namely the Chichibu Tama Kai, Chūbu-Sangaku, Jōshin'etsu Kōgen, and Minami Alps National Parks; Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kōgen, Tenryū-Okumikawa, and Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Parks; and Chūō Alps, Enrei Ōjō, Hijiriyama Kōgen, Mibugawa Suikei, Ontake, and Tenryū Koshibu Suikei Prefectural Natural Parks.[3]

Cities

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18801,000,414    
18901,146,071+1.37%
19031,348,556+1.26%
19131,484,205+0.96%
19201,562,722+0.74%
19251,629,217+0.84%
19301,717,118+1.06%
19351,714,000−0.04%
19401,710,729−0.04%
19452,121,050+4.39%
19502,060,831−0.57%
19552,021,292−0.39%
19601,981,433−0.40%
19651,958,007−0.24%
19701,956,917−0.01%
19752,017,564+0.61%
19802,083,934+0.65%
19852,136,927+0.50%
19902,156,627+0.18%
19952,193,984+0.34%
20002,215,168+0.19%
20052,196,114−0.17%
20102,152,449−0.40%
20152,099,759−0.49%
source:[4]

Nineteen cities are located in Nagano Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Demographics

The life expectancy in Nagano prefecture is the longest nationwide with the average life expectancy of 87.18 years for women and 80.88 years for men.[5]

Transportation

Railway

Road

Expressways

National highways

Airports

Education

Universities

Public

Private

Economy

Nagano Prefecture has a large and diversified economy, with a strong focus on electronics, information technology, precision machinery, agriculture and food products, and tourism, with a total GDP of about 8.5 Billion Yen (2014).[6]

Several large Japanese group have production facilities in Nagano Prefecture, such as Citizen Watch (Citizen Group), MinebeaMitsumi, Seiko Epson or Vaio.

Tourism

Sports

There are two local J.League clubs: AC Nagano Parceiro and Matsumoto Yamaga FC.

Prefectural symbols

Sister Regions

Personalities

  • Nagano's former governor, Yasuo Tanaka, is an independent who has made a reputation internationally for attacking Japan's status quo. Among other issues, he has refused national government money for construction projects that he deems unnecessary, such as dams, and has overhauled (locally) the press club system that is blamed for limiting government access to journalists who give favorable coverage. Tanaka was voted out from office on August 6, 2006 and was replaced by Jin Murai.
  • Sasuke competitor Shinji Kobayashi, who works as a garbage man, is from Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture.
  • Tatsumi Yoda (aka Tom Yoda), former chairman of Avex, is from Chikuma-shi.
  • Glim Spanky, the members of the rock band are from Nagano Prefecture
  • Yuto Adachi, of Korean boy group Pentagon is from Nagano Prefecture
  • Yasuyuki Kazama, a professional drift driver, is from Shimosuwa in Nagano Prefecture.
  • Keiichi Tsuchiya, a professional racing driver, is from Tōmi in Nagano Prefecture.

See also

Notes

References

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