NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament

The annual NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament is a college ice hockey tournament held in the United States by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) to determine the top men's team in Division I.[1] Like other Division I championships, it is the highest level of NCAA men's hockey competition.

NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament
Current season, competition or edition:
2019 Division I Championship
SportIce hockey
No. of teams16
CountryUnited States
Most recent
University of Minnesota Duluth (3)
TV partner(s)ESPN

The semi-finals and finals are branded as the Frozen Four. The final two rounds of the hockey tournament were first referred to as the Frozen Four in 1999.


The NCAA Men's Division I Ice Hockey Championship is a single elimination competition that has determined the collegiate national champion since the inaugural 1948 NCAA Men's Division I Ice Hockey Tournament. The tournament features 16 teams representing all six Division I conferences in the nation. The Championship Committee seeds the entire field from 1 to 16 within four regionals of 4 teams. The winners of the six Division I conference championships receive automatic bids to participate in the NCAA Championship. The tournament begins with initial games played at four regional sites culminating with the semi-finals and finals played at a single site.[1]

In setting up the tournament, the Championship Committee seeks to ensure "competitive equity, financial success and likelihood of playoff-type atmosphere at each regional site." A team serving as the host of a regional is placed within that regional. The top four teams are assigned overall seeds and placed within the bracket such that the national semifinals will feature the No. 1 seed versus the No. 4 seed and the No. 2 seed versus the No. 3 seed should the top four teams win their respective regional finals. Number 1 seeds are also placed as close to their home site as possible, with the No. 1 seed receiving first preference. Conference matchups are avoided in the first round; should five or more teams from one conference make the tournament, this guideline may be disregarded in favor of preserving the bracket's integrity.

Broadmoor Ice Palace in Colorado Springs, Colorado hosted the tournament for the first ten years and has hosted eleven times overall, the most of any venue.[2] Michigan has won the most tournaments with nine, while Vic Heyliger has coached the most championship teams, winning six times with Michigan between 1948 and 1956.[3][4]

Tournament format history

4 teams (1 game series)
5–6 teams (1 game series)
8 teams (2 game, total goals first round at higher seed)
12 teams (2 game, total goals first two rounds at higher seed)
12 teams (best of 3 games first two rounds series at higher seed)
12 teams (divided up into 2 regionals, East Regional and West Regional; 6 teams each)
16 teams (divided up into 4 regionals: Northeast, East, Midwest, and West Regionals: 4 teams each)


Year Winning team Coach Losing team Coach Score Location Finals venue
1948MichiganVic HeyligerDartmouthEddie Jeremiah8–4Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1949Boston CollegeJohn KelleyDartmouthEddie Jeremiah4–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1950Colorado CollegeCheddy ThompsonBoston UniversityHarry Cleverly13–4Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1951Michigan (2)Vic HeyligerBrownWestcott Moulton7–1Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1952Michigan (3)Vic HeyligerColorado CollegeCheddy Thompson4–1Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1953Michigan (4)Vic HeyligerMinnesotaJohn Mariucci7–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1954RensselaerNed HarknessMinnesotaJohn Mariucci5–4 (OT)Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1955Michigan (5)Vic HeyligerColorado CollegeCheddy Thompson5–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1956Michigan (6)Vic HeyligerMichigan TechAl Renfrew7–5Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1957Colorado College (2)Tom BedeckiMichiganVic Heyliger13–6Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1958DenverMurray ArmstrongNorth DakotaBob May6–2Minneapolis, MinnesotaWilliams Arena
1959North DakotaBob MayMichigan StateAmo Bessone4–3 (OT)Troy, New YorkRPI Field House
1960Denver (2)Murray ArmstrongMichigan TechJohn MacInnes5–3Boston, MassachusettsMatthews Arena
1961Denver (3)Murray ArmstrongSt. LawrenceGeorge Menard12–2Denver, ColoradoUniversity of Denver Arena
1962Michigan TechJohn MacInnesClarksonLen Ceglarski7–1Utica, New YorkUtica Memorial Auditorium
1963North Dakota (2)Barry ThorndycraftDenverMurray Armstrong6–5Chestnut Hill, MassachusettsMcHugh Forum
1964Michigan (7)Al RenfrewDenverMurray Armstrong6–3Denver, ColoradoUniversity of Denver Arena
1965Michigan Tech (2)John MacInnesBoston CollegeJohn Kelley8–2Providence, Rhode IslandMeehan Auditorium
1966Michigan StateAmo BessoneClarksonLen Ceglarski6–1Minneapolis, MinnesotaWilliams Arena
1967CornellNed HarknessBoston UniversityJack Kelley4–1Syracuse, New YorkOnondaga War Memorial
1968Denver (4)Murray ArmstrongNorth DakotaBill Selman4–0Duluth, MinnesotaDuluth Entertainment Center
1969Denver (5)Murray ArmstrongCornellNed Harkness4–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor World Arena
1970Cornell (2)Ned HarknessClarksonLen Ceglarski6–4Lake Placid, New YorkOlympic Center
1971Boston UniversityJack KelleyMinnesotaGlen Sonmor4–2Syracuse, New YorkOnondaga War Memorial
1972Boston University (2)Jack KelleyCornellDick Bertrand4–0Boston, MassachusettsBoston Garden
1973WisconsinBob JohnsonDenver1Murray Armstrong4–2Boston, MassachusettsBoston Garden
1974MinnesotaHerb BrooksMichigan TechJohn MacInnes4–2Boston, MassachusettsBoston Garden
1975Michigan Tech (3)John MacInnesMinnesotaHerb Brooks6–1St. Louis, MissouriSt. Louis Arena
1976Minnesota (2)Herb BrooksMichigan TechJohn MacInnes6–4Denver, ColoradoUniversity of Denver Arena
1977Wisconsin (2)Bob JohnsonMichiganDan Farrell6–5 (OT)Detroit, MichiganOlympia Stadium
1978Boston University (3)Jack ParkerBoston CollegeLen Ceglarski5–3Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
1979Minnesota (3)Herb BrooksNorth DakotaGino Gasparini4–3Detroit, MichiganOlympia Stadium
1980North Dakota (3)Gino GaspariniNorthern MichiganRick Comley5–2Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
1981Wisconsin (3)Bob JohnsonMinnesotaBrad Buetow6–3Duluth, MinnesotaDuluth Entertainment Center
1982North Dakota (4)Gino GaspariniWisconsinBob Johnson5–2Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
1983Wisconsin (4)Jeff SauerHarvardBill Cleary6–2Grand Forks, North DakotaRalph Engelstad Arena
1984Bowling GreenJerry YorkMinnesota–DuluthMike Sertich5–4 (4OT)Lake Placid, New YorkOlympic Arena
1985Rensselaer (2)Mike AddesaProvidenceSteve Stirling2–1Detroit, MichiganJoe Louis Arena
1986Michigan State (2)Ron MasonHarvardBill Cleary6–5Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
1987North Dakota (5)Gino GaspariniMichigan StateRon Mason5–3Detroit, MichiganJoe Louis Arena
1988Lake Superior StateFrank AnzaloneSt. LawrenceJoe Marsh4–3 (OT)Lake Placid, New YorkOlympic Center
1989HarvardBill ClearyMinnesotaDoug Woog4–3 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaSaint Paul Civic Center
1990Wisconsin (5)Jeff SauerColgateTerry Slater7–3Detroit, MichiganJoe Louis Arena
1991Northern MichiganRick ComleyBoston UniversityJack Parker8–7 (3OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaSaint Paul Civic Center
1992Lake Superior State (2)Jeff JacksonWisconsin1Jeff Sauer5–3Albany, New YorkKnickerbocker Arena
1993MaineShawn WalshLake Superior StateJeff Jackson5–4Milwaukee, WisconsinBradley Center
1994Lake Superior State (3)Jeff JacksonBoston UniversityJack Parker9–1Saint Paul, MinnesotaSaint Paul Civic Center
1995Boston University (4)Jack ParkerMaineShawn Walsh6–2Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
1996Michigan (8)Red BerensonColorado CollegeDon Lucia3–2 (OT)Cincinnati, OhioRiverfront Coliseum
1997North Dakota (6)Dean BlaisBoston UniversityJack Parker6–4Milwaukee, WisconsinBradley Center
1998Michigan (9)Red BerensonBoston CollegeJerry York3–2 (OT)Boston, MassachusettsFleetCenter
1999Maine (2)Shawn WalshNew HampshireDick Umile3–2 (OT)Anaheim, CaliforniaArrowhead Pond of Anaheim
2000North Dakota (7)Dean BlaisBoston CollegeJerry York4–2Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
2001Boston College (2)Jerry YorkNorth DakotaDean Blais3–2 (OT)Albany, New YorkPepsi Arena
2002Minnesota (4)Don LuciaMaineTim Whitehead4–3 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center
2003Minnesota (5)Don LuciaNew HampshireDick Umile5–1Buffalo, New YorkHSBC Arena
2004Denver (6)George GwozdeckyMaineTim Whitehead1–0Boston, MassachusettsFleetCenter
2005Denver (7)George GwozdeckyNorth DakotaDave Hakstol4–1Columbus, OhioValue City Arena
2006Wisconsin (6)Mike EavesBoston CollegeJerry York2–1Milwaukee, WisconsinBradley Center
2007Michigan State (3)Rick ComleyBoston CollegeJerry York3–1St. Louis, MissouriScottrade Center
2008Boston College (3)Jerry YorkNotre DameJeff Jackson4–1Denver, ColoradoPepsi Center
2009Boston University (5)Jack ParkerMiamiEnrico Blasi4–3 (OT)Washington, D.C.Verizon Center
2010Boston College (4)Jerry YorkWisconsinMike Eaves5–0Detroit, MichiganFord Field
2011Minnesota–DuluthScott SandelinMichiganRed Berenson3–2 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center
2012Boston College (5)Jerry YorkFerris StateBob Daniels4–1Tampa, FloridaTampa Bay Times Forum
2013YaleKeith AllainQuinnipiacRand Pecknold4–0Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaConsol Energy Center
2014UnionRick BennettMinnesotaDon Lucia7–4Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaWells Fargo Center
2015ProvidenceNate LeamanBoston UniversityDavid Quinn4–3Boston, MassachusettsTD Garden
2016 North Dakota (8) Brad Berry Quinnipiac Rand Pecknold 5–1 Tampa, Florida Amalie Arena
2017 Denver (8) Jim Montgomery Minnesota–Duluth Scott Sandelin 3–2 Chicago, Illinois United Center
2018 Minnesota–Duluth (2) Scott Sandelin Notre Dame Jeff Jackson 2–1 Saint Paul, Minnesota Xcel Energy Center
2019 Minnesota–Duluth (3) Scott Sandelin Massachusetts Greg Carvel 3–0 Buffalo, New York KeyBank Center
2020 Detroit, Michigan Little Caesars Arena
2021 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania PPG Paints Arena
2022 Boston, Massachusetts TD Garden

^1 Participation in the tournament vacated by the NCAA Committee on Infractions.

Team titles

North Dakota
Lake Superior State
Michigan State
Michigan Tech
Colorado College
Bowling Green
Northern Michigan

Schools who have won the NCAA Championship
– 9 championships, – 8 championships, – 6 championships, – 5 championships
– 3 championships, – 2 championships, – 1 championship
Team Titles Years
Michigan 9 1948, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1964, 1996, 1998
Denver 8 1958, 1960, 1961, 1968, 1969, 2004, 2005, 2017
North Dakota 8 1959, 1963, 1980, 1982, 1987, 1997, 2000, 2016
Wisconsin 6 1973, 1977, 1981, 1983, 1990, 2006
Boston College 5 1949, 2001, 2008, 2010, 2012
Boston University 5 1971, 1972, 1978, 1995, 2009
Minnesota 5 1974, 1976, 1979, 2002, 2003
Lake Superior State 3 1988, 1992, 1994
Michigan State 3 1966, 1986, 2007
Michigan Tech 3 1962, 1965, 1975
Minnesota-Duluth 3 2011, 2018, 2019
Colorado College 2 1950, 1957
Cornell 2 1967, 1970
Maine 2 1993, 1999
Rensselaer 2 1954, 1985
Bowling Green 1 1984
Harvard 1 1989
Northern Michigan 1 1991
Providence 1 2015
Union 1 2014
Yale 1 2013


Championship Hat Tricks

Player School Year Goals Game–Winner MOP
Wally GacekMichigan19483
Chris RayColorado College19504
Ed SwitzerMichigan19563
Bob McCuskerColorado College19574
Bill MastertonDenver19613
John IvanitzMichigan Tech19623
Bob Hamill*Denver19633
Dan LodboaCornell19703
Doug SmailNorth Dakota19804
Phil SykesNorth Dakota19823
Allen Bourbeau*Harvard19863
John ByceWisconsin19903
Scott BeattieNorthern Michigan19913
Darryl PlandowskiNorthern Michigan19913
Jason Zent* Wisconsin19923
Jim MontgomeryMaine19933
Jarid LukoseviciusDenver20173

* Was not a member of the winning team.
† Natural hat-trick.
‡ Tournament participation later vacated.

Tournament Winning Percentage

Minimum 2 tournaments

Player School Years Wins Losses Ties Winning Percentage
Hunter ShepardMinnesota–Duluth2018, 20198001.000
Darren JensenNorth Dakota1980, 19825001.000
Lorne HowesMichigan1955, 19564001.000
George KirkwoodDenver1960, 19614001.000
Gerry PowersDenver1968, 19694001.000
Marc BehrendWisconsin1981, 1982, 1983701.938
John MuseBoston College2008, 2010, 2011810.889
Blaine LacherLake Superior State1992, 1993, 1994610.857
Kenny ReiterMinnesota–Duluth2011, 2012510.833
Jon GilliesProvidence2014, 2015510.833
Marty TurcoMichigan1995, 1996, 1997, 1998920.818
Willard IkolaMichigan1952, 1953, 1954410.800
Bob EssensaMichigan State1984, 1985, 1986, 1987410.800
Parker MilnerBoston College2012, 2013410.800
Cam JohnsonNorth Dakota2016, 2017410.800
Scott ClemmensenBoston College1998, 1999, 2000, 20011030.769
Jeff LergMichigan State2006, 2007, 2008620.750
Jack McDonaldMichigan1948, 1949310.750
Bob FoxRensselaer1953, 1954310.750
Gaye CooleyMichigan State1966, 1967310.750
Jim CraigBoston University1977, 1978310.750
Tanner JailletDenver2015, 2016, 2017, 2018830.727
Duane DerksenWisconsin1990, 1991, 1992730.700
Cory SchneiderBoston College2005, 2006, 2007730.700

Team records


At the conclusion of each tournament both an all-tournament team and 'Most Outstanding Player in Tournament' is named. Both achievements have been in effect since the inaugural championship in 1948

See also


  1. "NCAA page for men's ice hockey". Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
  2. "Attendance records and sites" (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
  3. "Men's Tournament records" (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
  4. "Men's coaching records" (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
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