Muzdalifah (Arabic: مُزْدَلِفَة) is an open, level area near Mecca in the Hejazi region of Saudi Arabia that is associated with the Ḥajj ("Pilgrimage"). It lies just southeast of Mina, on the route between Mina and Arafat.
Mosque and pebble-collection zone at Muzdalifah
Location of Mudalifah
|• Regional Governor||Khalid bin Faisal Al Saud|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (Arabia Standard Time)|
The stay at Muzdalifah is preceded by a day at Arafat, consisting of glorifying Allāh ("The God") repeating the Duʿāʾ (Supplication), repentance to Allah, and asking Him for forgiveness. At Arafat, Ẓuhr and ʿAṣr prayers are performed in a combined and abbreviated form during the time of Zuhr. After sunset on the ninth day of the Islamic month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah, Muslim pilgrims travel to Muzdalifah, sometimes arriving at night because of over-crowding. After arriving at Muzdalifah, pilgrims pray the Maghrib and ʿIshāʾ prayers jointly, whereas the Isha prayer is shortened to 2 rakats. At Muzdalifah, pilgrims collect pebbles for the Stoning of the Devil (Arabic: رَمِي ٱلْجَمَرَات, romanized: Ramī al-Jamarāt, lit. 'Stoning of the Place of Pebbles').
The Sacred Monument
|Al-Mash'ar Al-Haram |
The Sacred Grove
|Location||Muzdalifah, Makkah Province, Hejaz, Saudi Arabia|
Location in present-day Saudi Arabia
|Administration||Saudi Arabian government|
|Geographic coordinates||21°23′10″N 39°54′44″E|
- Long, David E. (1979). "2: The Rites of the Hajj". The Hajj Today: A Survey of the Contemporary Pilgrimage to Makkah. pp. 11–24. ISBN 0-8739-5382-7.
With thousands of Hajjis, most of them in motor vehicles, rushing headlong for Muzdalifah, the potential is t ... There is special grace for praying at the roofless mosque in Muzdalifah called al-Mash'ar al-Haram (the Sacred Grove) ...
- Danarto (1989). A Javanese pilgrim in Mecca. p. 27. ISBN 0-8674-6939-0.
It was still dark when we arrived at Muzdalifah, four miles away. The Koran instructs us to spend the night at al-Mash'ar al-Haram. the Sacred Grove at Muzdalifah, as one of the conditions for the hajj . We scrambled out of the bus and looked ...
- Jones, Lindsay (2005). Encyclopedia of religion. 10. Macmillan Reference USA. p. 7159. ISBN 0-0286-5743-8.
The Qur'an admonishes: "When you hurry from Arafat, remember God at the Sacred Grove (al-mash' ar al-haram)," that is, at Muzdalifah (2:198). Today a mosque marks the place in Muzdalifah where pilgrims gather to perform the special saldt ...
- Ziauddin Sardar; M. A. Zaki Badawi (1978). Hajj Studies. King Abdul Aziz University. Jeddah: Croom Helm for Hajj Research Centre. p. 32. ISBN 0-8566-4681-4.
Muzdalifah is an open plain sheltered by parched hills with sparse growth of thorn bushes. The pilgrims spend a night under the open sky of the roofless Mosque, the Sacred Grove, Al Mush'ar al-Haram. On the morning of the tenth, all depart ...
- Burton, Richard Francis (1857). Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to El Medinah and Meccah. p. 226.
The word jamrah is applied to the place of stoning, as well as to the stones.
- Abū Dāʼūd (1984). Sunan Abu Dawud: Chapters 519-1337. Sh. M. Ashraf.
1204. Jamrah originally means a pebble. It is applied to the heap of stones or a pillar.
- Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1995) . Dictionary of Islam. p. 225. ISBN 978-81-206-0672-2.
Literally "gravel, or small pebbles." The three pillars [...] placed against a rough wall of stones [...]
- Quran 2:129 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)