Municipalities of Colombia

The Municipalities of Colombia are decentralized subdivisions of the Republic of Colombia. Municipalities make up most of the departments of Colombia with 1,122 municipalities (municipios). Each one of them is led by a mayor (alcalde) elected by popular vote and represents the maximum executive government official at a municipality level under the mandate of the governor of their department which is a representative of all municipalities in the department; municipalities are grouped to form departments.

The municipalities of Colombia are also grouped in an association called the Federación Colombiana de Municipios (Colombian Federation of Municipalities), which functions as a union under the private law and under the constitutional right to free association to defend their common interests.[1]


Conforming to the law 1551/12 that modified the sixth article of the law 136/94 [2] the municipalities have the categories listed below:

CategoryPopulation more thanRevenues ICLD (in monthly minimum wages)
Especial category:500,001 inhabitants400,000 and over
First category:100,001 - 500,000100,000 - 400,000
Second category:50,001 - 100,00050,000 - 100,000
Third category:30,001 - 50,00030,000 - 50,000
Fourth category:20,001 - 30,00025,000 - 30,000
Fifth category:10,001 - 20,00015,000 - 25,000
Sixth category:10,00015,000

Amazonas Department

The Department of Amazonas is formed by 2 municipalities which are Leticia and Puerto Nariño; and by "department corregimientos" which is a special combined functions between a presidential power and a corregimiento. The reason for this classification is that the large territory is mostly inhospitable, inhabited only by indigenous peoples and within the Amazon rainforest.

  1. Leticia
  2. Puerto Nariño

Antioquia Department

Arauca Department

Atlántico Department

Bogotá, Capital District

Bogotá is divided into localities (localidades):

Bolívar Department

Boyacá Department

Caldas Department

Caquetá Department

Casanare Department

Cauca Department

Cesar Department

Chocó Department

Córdoba Department

Cundinamarca Department

La Guajira Department

  1. Albania
  2. Barrancas
  3. Dibulla
  4. Distracción
  5. El Molino
  6. Fonseca
  7. Hatonuevo
  8. La Jagua del Pilar
  9. Maicao
  10. Manaure
  11. Riohacha
  12. San Juan del Cesar
  13. Uribia
  14. Urumita
  15. Villanueva

Guainía Department

  1. Barranco Minas
  2. Cacahual
  3. Inirida
  4. La Guadalupe
  5. Morichal Nuevo
  6. Pana Pana
  7. Puerto Colombia
  8. San Felipe

Guaviare Department

  1. Calamar
  2. El Retorno
  3. Miraflores
  4. San José del Guaviare

Huila Department

Magdalena Department

Meta Department

Nariño Department

Norte de Santander Department

Putumayo Department

Quindío Department

  1. Armenia
  2. Buenavista
  3. Calarcá
  4. Circasia
  5. Córdoba
  6. Filandia
  7. Génova
  8. La Tebaida
  9. Montenegro
  10. Pijao
  11. Quimbaya
  12. Salento

Risaralda Department

  1. Apía
  2. Balboa
  3. Belén de Umbría
  4. Dosquebradas
  5. Guática
  6. La Celia
  7. La Virginia
  8. Marsella
  9. Mistrató
  10. Pereira
  11. Pueblo Rico
  12. Quinchía
  13. Santa Rosa de Cabal
  14. Santuario

San Andrés and Providencia Department

  1. Providencia and Santa Catalina Islands
  2. San Andrés

Santander Department

Sucre Department

Tolima Department

Valle del Cauca Department

Vaupés Department

  1. Caruru
  2. Mitú
  3. Taraira
Department Corregimientos
  1. Pacoa
  2. Papunahua
  3. Yavarate
Municipal Corregimientos
  1. Acaricuara
  2. Villa Fátima

Vichada Department

  1. Cumaribo (including the former department corregimientos of San José de Ocune and Santa Rita)
  2. La Primavera
  3. Puerto Carreño
  4. Santa Rosalía


  • 1954 Special District of Bogotá
  • 1991: Capital District of Bogotá, Industrial and Portuarial District of Barranquilla, Historical, Cultural and Touristic District of Santa Marta and Cultural and Touristic District of Cartagena
  • 2007: Historical and Cultural District of Tunja, Special Industrial, Portuarial, Biodiverse and Ecotouristic, District of Buenaventura, Special, Ecotouristic, Historical and Universitarian District of Popayán, Special Portuarial District of Turbo, Special Border and Touristic District of Cúcuta, Special Industrial, Portuarial, Biodiverse and Ecotouristic, District of Tumaco


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