Municipalities of Bolivia

Municipalities in Bolivia are administrative divisions of the entire national territory governed by local elections. Municipalities are the third level of administrative divisions, below departments and provinces. Some of the provinces consist of only one municipality. In these cases the municipalities are identical to the provinces they belong to.

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History of governance

Municipalities in Bolivia are each led by a mayor, an executive office. Mayors were appointed by the national government from 1878 to 1942 and from 1949 to 1987.[1] Local elections were held under the 1942 municipal code, which was in force until 1991.[1] The 1985 Organic Law of Municipalities restored local elections for mayor and created a legislative body, the municipal council.[2]

In 1994, the entire territory of Bolivia was merged into municipalities, where previously only urban areas were organized as municipalities. As an effect of decentralization through the 1994 Law of Popular Participation the number of municipalities in Bolivia has risen from an initial twenty-four (in 1994) to 327 (in 2005), to 337 (at the time of the 2010 elections),[3][4] to 339 (as of August 2010).[5] Of the 327 municipalities existing after 2005, 187 are inhabited by mainly indigenous population; 184 of these are located in the five Andean departments, with the remaining three in Santa Cruz department.[6] New municipalities must have at least 10,000 residents, or 5,000 in the case of border areas.[3]

List of municipalities

The municipalities are as follows ordered by department:

Beni

Cochabamba

Chuquisaca

  • Azurduy Municipality
  • Camargo Municipality, Chuquisaca
  • Culpina Municipality
  • El Villar Municipality
  • Huacareta Municipality
  • Huacaya Municipality
  • Icla Municipality
  • Incahuasi Municipality
  • Mojocoya Municipality
  • Camataqui Municipality
  • Las Carreras Municipality
  • Macharetí Municipality
  • Monteagudo Municipality
  • Padilla Municipality
  • Poroma Municipality
  • Presto Municipality
  • San Lucas Municipality
  • Sopachuy Municipality
  • Sucre Municipality, Bolivia
  • Tarabuco Municipality
  • Tomina Municipality
  • Villa Alcalá Municipality
  • Villa Charcas Municipality
  • Villa Serrano Municipality
  • Villa Vaca Guzmán Municipality
  • Villa Zudañez Municipality
  • Tarvita Municipality
  • Yotala Municipality
  • Yamparáez Municipality

La Paz

Oruro

Pando

  • Bella Flor Municipality
  • Bolpebra Municipality
  • Cobija Municipality
  • Filadelfia Municipality
  • Ingavi Municipality
  • Nueva Esperanza Municipality
  • Porvenir Municipality
  • Puerto Gonzalo Moreno Municipality
  • Puerto Rico Municipality
  • San Lorenzo Municipality, Pando
  • San Pedro Municipality, Pando
  • Santa Rosa del Abuná Municipality
  • Santos Mercado Municipality
  • Sena Municipality
  • Villa Nueva Municipality

Potosí

Santa Cruz

  • Ascensión de Guarayos Municipality
  • Ayacucho Municipality, Santa Cruz / Porongo Municipality
  • Boyuibe Municipality
  • Buena Vista Municipality
  • Cabezas Municipality
  • Camiri Municipality
  • Charagua Municipality
  • Comarapa Municipality
  • Concepción Municipality
  • Cotoca Municipality
  • Cuevo Municipality
  • El Puente Municipality, Santa Cruz
  • El Torno Municipality
  • General Saavedra Municipality
  • Gutiérrez Municipality
  • La Guardia Municipality
  • Lagunillas Municipality, Santa Cruz
  • Mairana Municipality
  • Mineros Municipality
  • Montero Municipality
  • Moro Moro Municipality
  • Okinawa Municipality
  • Pailón Municipality
  • Pampa Grande Municipality
  • Portachuelo Municipality
  • Postrer Valle Municipality
  • Pucara Municipality
  • Puerto Quijarro Municipality
  • Puerto Suarez Municipality
  • Quirusillas Municipality
  • Roboré Municipality
  • Saipina Municipality
  • Samaipata Municipality
  • San Antonio del Lomerío Municipality
  • San Carlos Municipality, Santa Cruz
  • San Ignacio Municipality, Santa Cruz
  • San Javier Municipality, Santa Cruz
  • San José Municipality
  • San Julián Municipality
  • San Matías Municipality
  • San Miguel Municipality
  • San Rafael Municipality, Santa Cruz
  • San Ramón Municipality, Santa Cruz
  • Santa Cruz Municipality, Santa Cruz / Santa Cruz de la Sierra Municipality
  • Santa Rosa del Sara Municipality
  • Trigal Municipality
  • Urubichá Municipality
  • Vallegrande Municipality / Valle Grande Municipality
  • Warnes Municipality
  • Yapacaní Municipality

Tarija

  • Bermejo Municipality
  • Caraparí Municipality
  • El Puente Municipality, Tarija
  • Entre Ríos Municipality, Tarija
  • Padcaya Municipality
  • San Lorenzo Municipality, Tarija
  • Tarija Municipality
  • Uriondo Municipality
  • Villamontes Municipality
  • Yacuiba Municipality
  • Yunchará Municipality

References

  1. Burki, Shahid Javed; Guillermo E. Perry; William R. Dillinger (1999-07-31), Beyond the center: Decentralizing the State, World Bank, p. 13
  2. Córdova, Eduardo (2009). "Cochabamba es el centro es la ausencia: Impulsos estatales y sociales de la descentralización en Cochabamba (1994–2008)". Decursos: Revista de Ciencias Sociales. XI (20): 61–95 [68].
  3. Jorge Castel, "10 nuevos municipios elegirán a sus autoridades en los comicios Archived 2010-03-31 at the Wayback Machine," La Razón, 29 Marzo 2010.
  4. www.bolivia.com
  5. "Se crean dos nuevos municipios en La Paz". Los Tiempos. 2010-08-09. Archived from the original on 2015-05-18. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  6. According to a definition where a majority identify with an indigenous people and speak an indigenous language, with a two-thirds majority meeting looser criteria. Albó, Xavier; Carlos Romero (April 2009). Autonomías Indígenas en la realidad boliviana y su nueva Constitución. La Paz: Vicepresidencia del Estado Plurinacional. p. 22.
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