The mugni (archlute) resembles a tar except that the two globes are connected and not separated like the tar's. [1]

During Ghuri rulers and Khwarizmi (12th 13th century) music grew. Two notable theorists of this era were Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and Nasir al-Din al-Tusi. Another Persian theorist was Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi who was famous for Pearl of Crown (Durrat al-taj). In the Treasure-House of Gift (Kanz al -Tahaf) an important work in 1350, ud (lute), rubab (lute), mughni (archlute), chang (harp), nuzhe, qanun (psaltery), Ghaychak (spiked viol), pisha (fife) and nay-i siyah (reedpipe) are completely described. In other places, dutar (two strings) and setar (three strings) exquisite of poet Hafez are mentioned.

See also


  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2011-10-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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