Mount Royal (New South Wales)
basalt outcrop on Mount Royal
|Elevation||1,185 m (3,888 ft)|
|Location||Hunter Region, Australia|
|Parent range||Mount Royal Range|
|Age of rock||Late Paleocene|
|Mountain type||basalt cap|
The lower sections of the mountain are made up of sedimentary rocks such as mudstones. A residual basalt cap appears at 1,100 metres (3,600 ft) above sea level. It originated from the flow of the nearby Barrington Volcano. The mountain is partially in Mount Royal National Park and Barrington Tops National Park.
The high altitude rainforest growing on the red/brown soils lacks the Antarctic beech despite apparently ideal conditions. Their place the upper canopy is taken by the golden sassafras. The elevated narrow rainforest features hanging moss, often covered in mist.
The mountain's summit is covered in a low rainforest thicket, composed mostly of the hill water gum. Other noteworthy plants on the mountain include New England blackbutt, chainfruit, prickly ash, grass tree and the mountain walnut. Another interesting feature of Mount Royal is the grassy balds, surrounded by temperate rainforest. Fire caused by lightning is one speculative theory of their origin.
A considerable variety of birds and animals are found in the area. Wedge-tailed eagles, eastern grey kangaroos and tiger snakes are common. Some of the more rare inhabitants include: the rufous scrub-bird, paradise riflebird, wompoo fruit dove, Parma wallaby, rough-scaled snake, stuttering frog, Booroolong frog and the Davies' tree frog. The Hastings River mouse was rediscovered here in the 1980s.
- Floyd, A. G. (1990). Australian Rainforests in New South Wales. Volume 2. p. 125. ISBN 0-949324-32-9.
- New South Wales Rainforests - The Nomination for the World Heritage List, Paul Adam, 1987. ISBN 0 7305 2075 7, page 77-78
- Floyd, A. G. (1989). Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia. Inkata Press. pp. 178, 42. ISBN 0-909605-57-2.