Mount Hakone

Mount Hakone (箱根山, Hakoneyama) is a complex volcano in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan that is truncated by two overlapping calderas, the largest of which is 10 × 11 km wide. The calderas were formed as a result of two major explosive eruptions about 180,000 and 49,000–60,000 years ago. Lake Ashi lies between the southwestern caldera wall and a half dozen post-caldera lava domes that arose along a southwest–northeastern trend cutting through the center of the calderas. Dome growth occurred progressively to the south, and the largest and youngest of them, Kami-yama, forms the high point of Hakone. The calderas are breached to the east by the Haya-kawa canyon. Mount Ashigara is a parasitic cone.[1]

Mount Hakone
Hakone volcano from the SW.
Highest point
Elevation1,438 metres (4,718 ft)
Coordinates35.230°N 139.024°E / 35.230; 139.024[1]
Naming
Native name箱根山
Geography
LocationHakone, Kanagawa, Honshu
Geology
Mountain typeComplex calderas
Last eruptionJune to July 2015[1]

The latest magmatic eruptive activity at Hakone occurred 2,900 years ago. It produced a pyroclastic flow and a lava dome in the explosion crater, although phreatic eruptions took place as recently as the 12–13th centuries AD.[1]

According to the nearby Hakone Shrine, the Komagatake peak has been the object of religious veneration since ancient times.[2]

Notes

  1. "Hakoneyama". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2015-05-07.
  2. 御際神、由緒、例祭日 [Gods worshipped, origins, ceremony days] (in Japanese). Hakone Shrine. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
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