Mount Edith Cavell
|Mount Edith Cavell|
Mount Edith Cavell and the Angel Glacier
|Elevation||3,363 m (11,033 ft)|
|Prominence||2,007 m (6,585 ft)|
Mount Edith Cavell
Mount Edith Cavell (Canada)
|Parent range||South Jasper Ranges|
|Topo map||NTS 83D/09|
|First ascent||1915 by A.J. Gilmour and E.W.D. Holway|
|Easiest route||Rock/ice climb, UIAA II|
The mountain was named in 1916 for Edith Cavell, an English nurse executed by the Germans during World War I for having helped Allied soldiers escape from occupied Belgium to the Netherlands, in violation of German military law. It was previously known as Mount Fitzhugh.
A close-up view of the north face of Mount Edith Cavell is visible after a short hike to Cavell Meadows. The trailhead is by the parking lot at the end of Mount Edith Cavell Road. The trail to the meadows is 3.8 kilometres (2.4 mi) one way, rising 370 metres (1,214 ft) to 2,135 metres (7,005 ft). The Canadian Rockies Trail Guide describes the trail in detail.
The hanging Angel Glacier is visible from Cavell Meadows, which spills over a 300 metres (984 ft) cliff on the north face.
Access to the Tonquin Valley trails can be found about one kilometre before the end of the Mount Edith Cavell Road. There is a parking area across from the Mount Edith Cavell Hostel. A short walk down the gravel path leads to the north end of Cavell Lake. There is small bridge across the stream that empties the lake. From here there are good views with the lake in the foreground and the Mount Edith Cavell massif in the background.
It is believed that the world's largest glacial erratic, called Big Rock, located near Okotoks, Alberta, was once part of Mount Edith Cavell. The erratic was formed approximately ten thousand years ago when a large portion of quartzite stone was stripped away from the mountain along with the receding Athabasca River Valley glacier.
- West Ridge (normal route): Yosemite Decimal System II
- East Ridge: Yosemite Decimal System III, 5.3
- North Face, East Summit: Yosemite Decimal System IV, 5.8
The North Face route is included as a classic climb in Steck and Roper's Fifty Classic Climbs of North America.
- 1961 North Face, IV 5.7, First ascent by Yvon Chouinard, Fred Beckey and Dan Doody. July 20–21.
- 1966 North Face, Second ascent by Denny Eberl and Gray Thompson. July 30, 1966.
- 1967 North Face, First solo ascent by Royal Robbins.
Based on the Köppen climate classification, the mountain is located in a subarctic climate with cold, snowy winters, and mild summers. Temperatures can drop below -20 °C with wind chill factors below -30 °C. Precipitation runoff from the mountain drains into tributaries of the Athabasca River.
- "Mount Edith-Cavell". PeakFinder.com. Retrieved 2019-09-11.
- "Mount Edith Cavell". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
- "Okotoks Erratic - "The Big Rock"". Government of Alberta. October 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-22.
- Roper, Steve; Steck, Allen (1979). Fifty Classic Climbs of North America. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. ISBN 0-87156-292-8.
- Jones, Chris (1976). Climbing in North America. Berkeley, California, USA: University of California Press. pp. 360–361. ISBN 0-520-02976-3.
- Jones, p. 341
- "Jasper National Park - Edith Cavell, North Face, Chouinard, Becky, Doody 4/9/2009". Cascade Climbers. CascadeClimbers.com. 2009-04-09. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011.
- Patrick, Douglas (1964). Canada's Postage Stamps. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited. pp. 60–62.
- Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. ISSN 1027-5606.
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