Mount Arafat

Mount Arafat[1][2] (Arabic: جَبَل عَرَفَات transliterated Jabal ʿArafāt) is a granite hill about 20 km (12 mi) east of central Mecca in the plain of Arafat in the Hejaz, Saudi Arabia.[3] Mount Arafat reaches about 70 m (230 ft) in height, and is also known as the "Mount of Mercy" (Arabic: جَبَل ٱلرَّحْمَة, romanized: Jabal Ar-Raḥmah).[4] According to Islamic tradition, the hill is the place where the Prophet Muhammad stood and delivered the Farewell Sermon[5] to the Muslims who had accompanied him for the Hajj towards the end of his life. Muslims also say that it is also the place where Adam and Hawa reunited on Earth after falling from Heaven, and where Adam was forgiven, hence it is known as the "Mount of Mercy". A pillar is erected to show the place where the aforementioned took place.

Jabal 'Arafat
The plain of Arafat during Hajj
Highest point
Elevation454 metres (1,490 ft)
Native nameجَبَل عَرَفَات  (Arabic)
Jabal 'Arafat
Jabal 'Arafat
Jabal 'Arafat
Jabal 'Arafat (Asia)
LocationMakkah Region, Hejaz,  Saudi Arabia

On the 9th of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah pilgrims go to Arafat from Mina, for the most important part of the Hajj. The Khutbah of Hajj is narrated and Zuhr and Asr prayers are prayed together.[6] The pilgrims spend the whole day on the mountain to supplicate to Allah to forgive their sins and to pray for personal strength in the future.


Arafat rituals end at sunset and pilgrims then move to Muzdalifah for Maghrib Prayer and a shortened Isha prayer and for a short rest.[7]

The level area surrounding the hill is called the Plain of Arafat. The term Mount Arafat is sometimes applied to this entire area. It is an important place in Islam because during the Hajj, pilgrims spend the afternoon there on the ninth day of Dhul Hijjah. Failure to be present in the plain of Arafat on the required day invalidates the pilgrimage.[8]

Since late 2010, this place is served by Makkah Metro. On a normal Hajj, it would be around 21 km (13 mi) to walk.

In literature

The hill is referenced in James Joyce's novel Finnegans Wake.[9]

See also


  1. "Geological and radiological studies of the Mount Arafat, Mekkah, Saudi Arabia". 2012-04-09.
  2. "Meaning and Significance of the Day of Arafat".
  3. "خرائط Google". خرائط Google.
  4. "Saudi Arabia Hajj: Millions at Mount Arafat for ceremonies". BBC. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  5. "Sea of people arrive at Mecca and Mount Arafat as Hajj pilgrimage gets underway". Metro. 2018-08-20. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  6. "More than 2 million pilgrims complete journey to Mount Arafat for second day of Hajj". Arab News. 2018-08-20. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  7. Peters, F.E., 1996. The Hajj: The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca and the holy places. Princeton University Press.
  8. Omar, W. (1952), The Mecca Pilgrimage: Its Epidemiological Significance and Control, 28, Postgraduate medical journal, p. 269
  9. "Finnegans Wake". Retrieved 2016-07-18.

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