Views of Moulins
Coat of arms
|Coordinates: 46°33′55″N 3°20′00″E|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Pierre-André Périssol (LR)|
|8.61 km2 (3.32 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||202–240 m (663–787 ft) |
(avg. 220 m or 720 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Moulins is located on the banks of the Allier River.
Before the French Revolution, Moulins was the capital of the province of Bourbonnais and the seat of the Dukes of Bourbon. It appears in documented records at least as far back as the year 990. In 1232, Archambaud VIII, Sire de Bourbon granted a franchise to the village's inhabitants.
The town achieved greater prominence in 1327, when Charles IV elevated Louis I de Clermont to Duke of Bourbon. Either Louis or the later Peter II, Duke of Bourbon and of Auvergne moved the capital of the province from Bourbon-l'Archambault to Moulins.
- Note: This article in French suggests Pierre II moved the capital, while the local tourism website (also in French) suggests it was Louis I.
In February 1566 it became eponymous to the Edict of Moulins, an important royal ordinance dealing with many aspects of the administration of justice and feudal and ecclesiastical privilege, including limitations on the appanages held by French princes, abrogation of the levy of rights of tallage claimed by seigneurs over their dependants, and provisions for a system of concessions on rivers.
This was the birthplace of the great 19th-century operatic baritone and art collector Jean-Baptiste Faure. In the 20th century, Coco Chanel went to school in Moulins as an orphan, before moving to Paris, where she became a fashion designer and major innovator in women's clothing.
Moulins-sur-Allier station, in the centre of the town, has direct trains to Paris Paris-Gare de Lyon, which take about 2 hours 25 minutes.
Montbeugny Airport is a small airport located near Moulins.
- Centre National du Costume de Scene (museum)
- Antoine Gilbert Griffet de Labaume (1756–1805), translator and man of letters was born in Moulins
- Jean Pastelot (1820–1870), painter and caricaturist was born in Moulins
- Coco Chanel, fashion designer, started as a cabaret singer here
- Philippe N'Dioro, footballer
- Jean-Luc Perrot (born 1959), pipe organ player and composer
- Stéphane Risacher, basketball player with the French national team, born in Moulins
- Jean-Baptiste Faure, opera singer, born in Moulins
- Claude Louis Hector de Villars, Marshal General of France, lived 1653–1734, born in Moulins
- Gilbert Mercier, author of "The Orwellian Empire" and journalist born in Moulins in 1957
- Louis Jacques Brunet, ancient professor of Natural History born in Moulins in 1811
- James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick (1670-1734)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moulins, Allier.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Moulins.|