Motorola 68HC05

The 68HC05 (HC05 in short) is a broad family of 8-bit microcontrollers from Freescale Semiconductor (formerly Motorola Semiconductor).

Like all Motorola processors that share lineage from the 6800, they use the von Neumann architecture as well as memory-mapped I/O. This family has five CPU registers that are not part of the memory: an 8-bit accumulator A, an 8-bit index register X, an 8-bit stack pointer SP with two most significant bits hardwired to 1, a 13-bit program counter PC, and an 8-bit condition code register CCR.

Among the HC05's there are several processor families, each targeted to different embedded applications.

The 68HC05 family broke ground with the introduction of the EEPROM-based MC68HC805C4 and MC68HC805B6 variants in the late 1980s. Using a serial bootloader, they could be programmed in-circuit with simple software running on a PC and a low current 19V supply (no programmer required).

The HC05 series is now considered legacy and is replaced by the HC(S)08 MCU series.


MC6805xxMotorola's first microcontroller family, implemented in HMOS.
MC68705xxMC6805 parts with EPROM instead of masked ROM.
MC146805xxMC6805 parts implemented in CMOS.
MC1468705xxMC146805 parts with EPROM instead of masked ROM.
MC68HC05xxMC6805 parts implemented in high-speed CMOS.
MC68HC805xxMC68HC05 parts with EEPROM.

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