The first diesel-powered motorships were launched in 1903: Russian Vandal (the first equipped with fully functional diesel-electric transmission) and French Petite-Pierre. There is disagreement over which of the two was the first.
- "Mississippi River Commission" (PDF). Corps Facts. United States Army Corps of Engineers. 2008-01-11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- "Open house of largest working towboat on the Mississippi rescheduled to Saturday, Aug. 9". United States Army Corps of Engineers. 2008-09-07. Archived from the original on 2009-01-09. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- "Trials and tribulations of the marine diesel -A look back at the history of diesel ships". Motorship. 1 November 2003. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "100 years of motor ships". 1 February 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
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