Moscow Rizhsky railway station
Rizhsky station (Russian: Рижский вокзал, Rizhsky vokzal, Riga station) is one of the nine main railway stations in Moscow, Russia. It was built in 1901. As well as being an active station it also houses the Moscow Railway Museum. The station is operated by the Moscow Railway.
View of the station's main entrance
|Location||Rizhskaya Square, Moscow, Russia|
|Connections||Moscow metro station:|
Bus: H6, M2, M9, T18, 0, 19, 38, 84, 85, 172, 239, 265, 379, 714, 778, 903;Trolleybus: 14, 42;
|Previous names||Vindavsky, Baltiysky, Rzhevsky|
It is located at Rizhskaya Square, at the crossing of Mira Avenue and Sushchyovsky Val. The station is served by Rizhskaya metro station. Although Rizhsky Station is relatively the least busiest station in Moscow, its connection to Latvia is Moscow's only, and is highly used. On the intersection of two main roads, Rizhsky is adjacent to a Holiday Inn hotel, a large market, and numerous Moscow apartments and offices. In addition, Rizhskiy Station has some of the best architecture of all the Moscow "vokzals".
The construction of the railway between Moscow and Vindava (Moscow-Vindava Railway) started in 1897. On June 30, 1901 the passenger traffic between Moscow and Volokolamsk was opened. Since the main station in Moscow was not ready at the time, the eastern terminal station in Moscow was Sortirovochnaya (currently Podmoskovnaya). The Vindavsky railway station, currently the Rizhsky railway station, was opened on September 11, 1901. The building, in the style of eclecticism, was built using the project of the architect Stanislav Brzhozovsky. The construction was supervised by the architect Yuly Diederichs.
After 1918, when Latvia became independent, the former Vindava direction decayed, since it did not serve any big cities. In 1930, the station was renamed Baltiysky railway station, in 1942 - Rzhevsky railway station, and in 1946, when Latvia has been already annexed by Soviet Union, it was renamed Rizhsky railway station. Originally, the suburban direction was scheduled to be electrified in 1943, but the electrification of the stretch between Moscow and Nakhabino only occurred in 1945, after World War II was finished.
Trains and destinations
|Train number||Train name||Destination||Operated by|
|001/002||Latvia Express (lat: Latvijas Ekspresis)|
Moscow Railway Museum at Rizhsky station
In 2004, the open-air site of the Museum of the Moscow Railway was opened next to Rizhsky railway station. The other site of this museum shows Lenin's funeral train in a modern museum building next to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal in Moscow.
- The Museum of the Moscow Railway, at Paveletsky railway station, Moscow
- Russian Railway Museum, in St.Petersburg
- Finland Station, St.Petersburg
- History of rail transport in Russia
- Emperor railway station in Pushkin town
- List of Moscow tourist attractions
- List of railway museums (worldwide)
- Heritage railways
- List of heritage railways
- Restored trains
- Старостин, Михаил; Александр Поздеев. "История пригородного движения с Рижского вокзала". Krasnogorsk City Portal. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Бржозовский С.А. (in Russian). Модерн Петербурга. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- Рижский вокзал (in Russian). Moscow.org. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
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