Morris Ankrum

Morris Ankrum (born Morris Nussbaum, August 28, 1896 – September 2, 1964) was an American radio, television, and film character actor.

Morris Ankrum
Morris Nussbaum

(1896-08-28)August 28, 1896
DiedSeptember 2, 1964(1964-09-02) (aged 68)
Pasadena, California, US
Resting placeSpring Hill Cemetery in Danville, Illinois
Alma materUniversity of Southern California
OccupationActor, lawyer, professor
Years active19331964
Spouse(s)Gillian Gilbert
(m. 19??; ? 19??)
Elizabeth Lawrence
(m. 1925; div. 19??)
Joan Wheeler
(m. 1935)

Early life

Born in Danville in Vermilion County in eastern Illinois, Ankrum originally began a career in academics. After graduating from The University of Southern California with a law degree, he went on to an associate professorship in economics at the University of California, Berkeley. While at Berkeley he became involved in the drama department and eventually began teaching drama and directing at the Pasadena Playhouse.[1]

From 1923-39 he acted in several Broadway stage productions, including Gods of the Lightning, The Big Blow, and Within the Gates.

Film career

Before signing with Paramount Pictures in the 1930s, Nussbaum had already changed his last name to Ankrum. Upon signing with the studio, he chose to use the name "Stephen Morris" before changing it to Morris Ankrum in 1939.[2]

Ankrum's stern visage and sharply defined features helped cast him in supporting roles as stalwart authority figures, including scientists, military men (particularly army officers), judges, trail hands, bankers, and even psychiatrists in more than 270 films and television episodes. Among his best remembered parts are his numerous villainous roles in Paramount's highly popular Hopalong Cassidy film series. A standout role for Ankrum was in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's production of Tennessee Johnson (1942), a biographical film about Andrew Johnson, the 17th U.S. president. As Sen. Jefferson Davis, Ankrum movingly addresses the United States Senate upon his resignation to lead the Confederate States of America as that republic's first—and only—president. Ankrum's film career was extensive and spanned 30 years. His credits were largely concentrated in the western and science-fiction genres.

Ankrum appeared in such westerns as Ride 'Em Cowboy in 1942, Vera Cruz opposite Gary Cooper and Burt Lancaster, Apache (1954), and Cattle Queen of Montana with Barbara Stanwyck and Ronald Reagan.[3]

In the science fiction genre, he appeared in Rocketship X-M (1950); as a Martian leader in Flight to Mars (1951); in Red Planet Mars (1952), playing the United States Secretary of Defense; in the cult classic Invaders From Mars (1953), playing a United States Army general; and as an another Army general in Earth vs. the Flying Saucers (1956); as a psychiatrist in the cult classic Kronos (1957); and other military-officer roles in Beginning of the End (1957) and The Giant Claw(1957).

Later years

By the end of 1958 Ankrum's film career had essentially ended, though he continued taking television roles. In the syndicated series Stories of the Century Ankrum played outlaw Chris Evans, who with his young associate John Sontag, played by John Smith, turned to crime to thwart the Southern Pacific Railroad, which Evans and Sontag held in the contempt consistent with the theme of Frank Norris' muckraking novel, The Octopus: A Story of California.[4]

Ankrum made 22 appearances on CBS's Perry Mason as one of several judges who regularly presided over the murder trials of Mason's clients from the show's first season in 1957 until his death in 1964. The show ended two years later.

Ankrum appeared in western series such as The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin, Bronco, Maverick, Tales of the Texas Rangers, Cimarron City, Rawhide and The Rifleman.

Ankrum appeared in a number of ABC/Warner Brothers westerns. On October 15, 1957, he had a major part in the episode "Strange Land" of the Sugarfoot, starring Will Hutchins. Ankrum played an embittered rancher named Cash Billings, who allows a hired gunman, Burr Fulton ( Rhodes Reason), to take over his spread, but Sugarfoot arrives to bring law and justice to the situation. Jan Chaney appears in the episode as Billings' daughter Anne, who takes a liking to Sugarfoot.[5] Ankrum appeared again, as John Savage in 1959, in the Sugarfoot episode "The Wild Bunch".[3] The same year, he portrayed a zealot who abused his daughter, played by Sherry Jackson, in the episode “The Naked Gallows” of the western, Maverick, with Jack Kelly and Mike Connors. In 1961, he again played an embittered and this time paralyzed rancher, Cyrus Dawson, in the episode "Incident at Dawson Flats" of the western series, Cheyenne, with Clint Walker in the starring role, with other guest-starring parts for Jock Gaynor, Joan O'Brien, Gerald Mohr, and Hampton Fancher.

In the 1958-59 season Ankrum appeared 12 times in Richard Carlson's syndicated western series Mackenzie's Raiders, along with other cast "Raiders" Brett King, Jack Ging and Louis Jean Heydt. In the series set on the Rio Grande border, Carlson plays Col. Ranald Mackenzie, who faces troubles from assorted border outlaws.[6]

Ankrum was cast in an episode of the 1959 CBS sitcom Dennis the Menace.[3] He also made occasional uncredited appearances in several Roger Corman films. While busy in films and television, Ankrum was still involved in live theatre and continued to direct plays at the Pasadena Playhouse.[1]

He and his second wife, Joan Wheeler (married aka Joan Ankrum))[7] had a child, David Ankrum, best known as Adam from Tabitha. David Ankrum eventually became a Hollywood agent. Joan Ankrum, of Joan Ankrum Galleries,[8] became a prominent Los Angeles art dealer[9] with a gallery on La Cienega Boulevard


On September 2, 1964, Ankrum died of trichinosis. At the time of his death, he was still involved with Raymond Burr's Perry Mason TV series.[1] His final appearance on Perry Mason, in the episode "The Case of the Sleepy Slayer", and his last feature film, Guns of Diablo, in which he was cast as Ray Macklin, were released in 1964 and 1965 retrospectively, following Ankrum's death.[3]

Ankrum's is interred at Spring Hill Cemetery in Danville, Illinois.

Selected filmography

Television credits


  1. "Morris Ankrum (Stephen Morris)". The Old Corral. Retrieved 2014-04-14.
  2. "Morris Ankrum". Retrieved 2014-04-14.
  3. "Morris Ankrum". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  4. "Stories of the Century: "Sontag and Evans", February 8, 1955". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  5. ""The Strange Land", October 15, 1957". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  6. Billy Hathorn, "Roy Bean, Temple Houston, Bill Longley, Ranald Mackenzie, Buffalo Bill, Jr., and the Texas Rangers: Depictions of West Texans in Series Television, 1955 to 1967", West Texas Historical Review, Vol. 89 (2013), p. 113
  7. admin (24 December 2001). "Joan Ankrum Obituary - Los Angeles, California".
  8. "A Finding Aid to the Ankrum Gallery records, circa 1900-circa 1990s, bulk 1960-1990".
  9. "Joan Wheeler Ankrum's Obituary on Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times.
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