Morbihan (//; French pronunciation: [mɔʁbiɑ̃]; Breton: Mor-Bihan, [morˈbiˑãn]) is a department in Brittany, situated in the northwest of France. It is named after the Morbihan (small sea in Breton), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. It is noted for its Carnac stones. These predate and are more extensive than the ancient Stonehenge monument in Wiltshire, England that is more familiar to English speakers.
Prefecture building of the Morbihan department, in Vannes
Coat of arms
Location of Morbihan in France
|Coordinates: 47°50′N 02°50′W|
|• President of the General Council||François Goulard|
|• Total||6,823 km2 (2,634 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Three major military educational facilities are located in Guer, including École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, the national military academy for officers.
In 1945 cadets from École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, France's foremost military academy for officers, were relocated to Camp Coëtquidan (Camp de Coëtquidan) in Guer. This has been developed to include also the École militaire interarmes (inter-services military school), for non-commissioned officers; and École Militaire du Corps Technique et Administratif (military school of the technical and administrative corps).
The Gulf of Morbihan has many islands: 365 according to legend. There are actually between 30 and 40, depending on how they are counted. There are also many islets that are too small for any development. Of these islands, all but two are privately owned: l'Île-aux-Moines and l'Île-d'Arz. Owners of the others include movie stars, fashion designers, and other wealthy "glitterati".
In the department of Morbihan, but outside the Gulf, there are four inhabited islands:
Meaban, an island just outside the Port du Crouesty, is an ornithological reserve. Visitors are forbidden there.
Art and culture
Many residents support maintenance and use of the Breton language, and there are numerous advocates of bilingual education.
The painter Raymond Wintz (1884–1956) depicted locations around the Gulf of Morbihan.
Current National Assembly Representatives
- Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
- "Le préfet du Morbihan". Morbihan Prefecture website.
- Assemblée Nationale. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblee-nationale.fr. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Morbihan.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Morbihan.|