Morane-Saulnier AR

The Morane-Saulnier AR was a trainer aircraft produced in France during and after the First World War.[1][2] Developed from the Morane-Saulnier LA reconnaissance aircraft, it was a wire-braced parasol-wing monoplane of conventional design with two open cockpits in tandem and cross-axle-style tailskid undercarriage.[2] Construction was mostly of fabric-covered wood, but the forward fuselage was skinned in metal.[1]

Type AR, MS.35
Role Trainer
National origin France
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 1915
Primary user Aéronautique Militaire
Number built >400

Large-scale production commenced after the Armistice, with the type now designated MS.35, in a number of subtypes differentiated principally in the engine used.[1][2] Although Morane-Saulnier hoped to sell the type on the civil market as a touring machine,[3] most of the 400 examples built saw service with the French Army, but others were used by the Navy and still others exported to foreign air arms.[1][2] The MS.35s remained in service in France until 1929, after which time some were sold to the nation's flying clubs.[2]


  • Type AR
  • MS.35R - main production version with Le Rhône 9C engine
  • MS.35A - version with Anzani engine
  • MS.35C - version with Clerget 9C engine


  • (70 examples)
 Soviet Union
 United States

Specifications (MS.35R)

Data from "Morane-Saulnier Type AR (M.S.35)"

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two, pilot and instructor
  • Length: 6.30 m (20 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.57 m (34 ft 8 in)
  • Gross weight: 764 kg (1,680 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9C, 60 kW (80 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 125 km/h (78 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 4,600 m (15,100 ft)



  1. Taylor 1989, 684
  2. "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft", 2538
  3. "The Paris Aero Show 1919", 64


  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing.
  • "The Paris Aero Show 1919". Flight: 63–70. 15 January 1920. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 684. ISBN 0-7106-0710-5.
  • Hirschauer, Louis; Dollfus, Charles, eds. (1920). L'Année Aéronautique: 1919-1920. Paris: Dunod. p. 21.
  • Hirschauer, Louis; Dollfus, Charles, eds. (1921). L'Année Aéronautique: 1920-1921. Paris: Dunod. p. 29.
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