Montcerf-Lytton, Quebec

Montcerf-Lytton is a municipality in La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada. Its territory spans both shores of the Désert River, a tributary of the Gatineau River.

Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°32′N 76°03′W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RCMLa Vallée-de-la-Gatineau
ConstitutedSeptember 19, 2001
  MayorAlain Fortin
  Federal ridingPontiac
  Prov. ridingGatineau
  Total379.80 km2 (146.64 sq mi)
  Land354.12 km2 (136.73 sq mi)
  Density1.9/km2 (5/sq mi)
  Pop (2006–11)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
J0W 1N0
Area code(s)819

Its population centres include: Brodeur, Chute-Rouge, Lytton, and Montcerf.

Montcerf has one of the best soil for cultivation across the Gatineau Valley region, supplemented by a network of lakes (most notably Clair, Desrivières, and Lytton Lakes) and forests, which are part of the Bras-Coupé–Désert ZEC.[4] Fishing and hunting are popular sport activities in this place.[5]


The Township of Lytton was formed in 1869, named after Lord Edward Bulwer-Lytton (1803-1873). The township municipality was set up in 1909.[4] with M.W.P. O'Connor as first mayor. In 1916, telephone service is established in Lytton, but not until 1952 did electricity arrive.[6]

Montcerf was opened for colonization in 1870. Formerly spelled "Moncerf" or "Mont Cerf", it became Montcerf (French for "Mount Deer") during the nineteenth century and the name presumably refers to a mountain which rises near the village and once teemed with deer and moose. The mission of Sainte-Philomène-de-Montcerf was established in 1872 and the Montcerf Post Office opened in 1886. The Municipality of Montcerf was officially set up in 1920[5] with Abraham Mathieu as first mayor. In 1929, electricity arrived in Montcerf, followed by telephone service in 1948.[6]

On September 19, 2001, the Municipality of Montcerf and the Lytton Township Municipality were merged into the new Municipality of Montcerf-Lytton[5] with Fernand Lirette (mayor of Montcerf since 1974) as first mayor.[6]


Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 687 (2006 to 2011 population change: -7.0%)
  • Population in 2006: 739
  • Population total in 2001: 703
    • Montcerf: 422
    • Lytton: 281
  • Population in 1996:
    • Montcerf: 474
    • Lytton: 252
  • Population in 1991:
    • Montcerf: 484
    • Lytton: 240

Private dwellings (occupied by usual residents): 302


  • French as first language: 100%

Montcerf is mentioned in David Foster Wallace's novel Infinite Jest. The character John ("no relation") Wayne originally hails from Montcerf.


  1. Reference number 370022 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. Geographic code 83088 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. "(Code 2483088) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
  4. "Lytton (Canton)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
  5. "Montcerf (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
  6. "Historique Montcerf-Lytton" (in French). Municipalité de Montcerf-Lytton. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
  7. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
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