Mohammed Wardi

Mohammed Osman Hassan Salih Wardi (Arabic: محمد عثمان حسن وردي; born 19 July 1932 18 February 2012) was a Muslim Nubian Sudanese singer and songwriter.[1]

Mohammed Osman Wardi
محمد عثمان حسن وردي
Background information
Birth nameMohammed Osman Hassan Salih Wardi
Born(1932-07-19)19 July 1932[1]
OriginSwarda, Wadi Halfa, Sudan[1]
Died18 February 2012(2012-02-18) (aged 79)[2]
Khartoum[2]
GenresMusic of Sudan, Nobiin, Arabic music
Occupation(s)singer-songwriter, teacher
InstrumentsSinging, oud, tanbur, multiple instruments
Years active1957 2012

Early life

Wardi was born on 19 July 1932 in a small village called Sawarda close to Wadi Halfa in Northern Sudan.[1] His mother, Batool Badri, died when he was an infant, and his father, Osman Hassan Wardi, died when he was nine years old.[1] He was brought up in a diverse and culturally rich background and developed an interest in poetry, literature, music and singing.[1] Wardi traveled to Shendi in Central Sudan to complete his education, and returned to Wadi Halfa as a secondary school teacher.[1]

Music career

In 1953, Wardi went to Khartoum for the first time to attend a convention as a teaching representative for his area.[1] After this, he moved to Khartoum and started his career as a musical performer.[1] In 1957, Omdurman Radio chose him to record and sing on national broadcast in an arena with singers such as Abdelaziz Mohamed Dauod, Hassan Atia, Ahmed Almustafa, Osman Hussaein and Ibrahim Awad.[1] Wardi recorded 17 songs in his first year.[1] and worked together with poet Ismail Hassan, resulting in more than 23 songs.

Wardi performed using a variety of instruments, including the Nubian tanbur and sang in both Arabic and Nubian languages.[1] He has been described as one of "Africa's top singers", with fans mainly in the Horn of Africa.[1] His songs address topics such as romance, passion, Nubian folklore, heritage, revolution and patriotism, with some of his political songs resulting in him being jailed.[1] After the military coup in 1989, he left Sudan for exile in Cairo and Los Angeles.[1] In 1990, Wardi played a concert for 250,000 Sudanese refugees at a refugee camp in Itang, Ethiopia.[3] He returned to Sudan in May 2002, and was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Khartoum in 2005.

Death

Wardi suffered from renal failure later in his life. He eventually underwent a kidney transplant, after one of his fans donated a kidney to him in 2002. He died on 18 February 2012 and was buried in Farouk Cemetery in Khartoum.[4]

Poets/Songwriters with whom Wardi collaborated

  • Abdel-Hadi Osman Ahmed
  • Sawi Abdelkafi
  • Aljayli Abdelmoneim
  • Omer Altayib Ad-dosh - "Banadeha"
  • Mubarak Albashir
  • Mohamed Muftah Alfaytori
  • Ishaq Alhalanqi - "A3z Alnas"
  • Ahmed Altahir
  • Ibrahim Alrasheed - "Saleem Alzog"
  • Abdelrahman Alrayah
  • Alsir Dolaib
  • Abu Amna Hamid
  • Ismail Hassan - "Alhaneen ya Foadi", "Nor Al3en", "Habenak mn Qlobna", "Almostaheel",
  • Salah Ahmed Ibrahim - "Altayir Almohajir"
  • Mohammed Almakki Ibrahim
  • Haile
  • Kamal Mahessi - "Jamal Aldoniya"
  • Mohammed Abu Qatati - "Almursal"
  • Altijani Saeed - "Gult Arhal", " Min Gair Meiad"
  • Mahjoub Sharif - "Ya Sha3ban Lahbt thwrtak", "Masajenak",
  • Saadaddin Ibrahim
  • Mohammed Abdalla Mohammed Babekir

References

  1. "Mohammed Wardi Sudanese legend and musical encyclopedia". Capital. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
  2. "Iconic Sudanese singer Mohammed Wardi dies". Statesman. Associated Press. 19 February 2012.
  3. "Sudan mourns singer Mohammed Wardi". BBC. 20 February 2012.
  4. "The death of Sudanese artist Mohammed Wardi". Al Jazeera (in Arabic). 21 February 2012.
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