Missouri Valley Conference

The Missouri Valley Conference (also called MVC or simply "The Valley") is the third-oldest collegiate athletic conference in the United States. Currently, its members are located in the midwestern United States.

Missouri Valley Conference
MVC, The Valley
Established1907
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I
Subdivisionnon-football
Members10
Sports fielded
  • 17
    • men's: 7
    • women's: 10
RegionMidwestern United States
HeadquartersSt. Louis, Missouri
CommissionerDoug Elgin
Websitewww.mvc-sports.com
Locations

History

The MVC was founded in 1907 as the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association or MVIAA, 12 years after the Big Ten, the only Division I conference that is older. It is the third oldest college athletic conference in the United States, after the Big Ten conference and the NCAA Division III MIAA (Michigan Intercollegiate Athletics Association)[1]. In 1928 the MVIAA split and most of the larger schools formed a conference that retained the MVIAA name and ultimately became the Big Eight Conference. The smaller schools, plus Oklahoma A&M (now Oklahoma State University–Stillwater, which joined the Big Eight in 1957), formed the MVC, which retained the old MVIAA's administrative staff. During the Big Eight's existence, both conferences claimed 1907 as their founding date. In 1996 the Big Eight merged with four Texas schools of the Southwest Conference to form the Big 12 Conference.[2]

During the 2006–07 college basketball season, MVC teams held a 74–27 non-conference record, including a record of 44–1 at home. The Valley finished in the top six of the RPI and ahead of a BCS conference for the second consecutive year, while also garnering multiple NCAA bids for the ninth straight year and 12th of 14.[3]

The MVC has not sponsored football since 1985, when it was a hybrid I-A/I-AA (now FBS and FCS), respectively. However, five members have football programs in the Missouri Valley Football Conference (known as the Gateway from 1985 to 2008) of Division I FCS, and a sixth and a seventh compete in another FCS conference, the Pioneer Football League. The Missouri Valley Conference shares its name with the Missouri Valley Football Conference, and the two also operate from the same headquarters complex in St. Louis. However, the two are separate administratively.

After weeks of speculation,[4][5] it was announced on April 7, 2017 that Wichita State would be leaving the conference to join the American Athletic Conference starting with the 2017–18 season.[6] On May 9, 2017, the Conference announced it had extended an invitation to Valparaiso University,[7] and on May 25, the MVC announced that Valparaiso would officially join the following July 1.[8]

Member schools

Current members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedTypeEnrollment[9]NicknameColors
Bradley University Peoria, Illinois 1897 1948,
1955[lower-alpha 1]
Private 5,451 Braves          
Drake University Des Moines, Iowa 1881 1907,
1956[lower-alpha 1]
Private 5,270 Bulldogs          
University of Evansville Evansville, Indiana 1854 1994 Private 2,526 Purple Aces               
Illinois State University Normal, Illinois 1857 1981 Public 20,706 Redbirds          
Indiana State University Terre Haute, Indiana 1865 1976 Public 13,584 Sycamores          
Loyola University Chicago Chicago, Illinois 1870 2013 Private 16,437[10] Ramblers          
Missouri State University Springfield, Missouri 1905 1990 Public 26,000 [11] Bears
Lady Bears
         
University of Northern Iowa Cedar Falls, Iowa 1876 1991 Public 12,273 Panthers          
Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Illinois 1869 1975 Public 15,987[12] Salukis          
Valparaiso University Valparaiso, Indiana 1859 2017[lower-alpha 2] Private 4,500 Crusaders          
Notes
  1. Bradley and Drake both withdrew from the MVC during the 1951–52 academic year in protest over the Johnny Bright incident, a racially motivated on-field attack by an Oklahoma A&M football player against Drake player Johnny Bright in a 1951 game. Bradley returned to the MVC for non-football sports in the 1955–56 school year, with Drake doing the same a year later. However, Bradley never returned to MVC football, dropping the sport in 1970, and Drake did not return for football until 1971.
  2. Valparaiso had been an MVC affiliate in women's soccer in the 1996–1998 seasons (ending with the 1998–99 school year).

Affiliate members

Note: In the case of spring sports, the year of joining is the calendar year before the start of competition.

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentNicknamePrimary
Conference
MVC sports
Dallas Baptist University Dallas, Texas 1898 2013 Private 5,545 Patriots Lone Star
(NCAA Division II)
baseball
University of Arkansas
at Little Rock
Little Rock, Arkansas 1927 2013 Public 13,167 Trojans Sun Belt women's swimming
Stony Brook University Stony Brook, New York 1957 2016 Public 24,594 Seawolves America East women's tennis
Notes

    Former members

    Former full members

    Institution Location Founded Joined Left Type Enrollment Nickname Current Conference
    Butler University Indianapolis, Indiana 1855 1932 1934 Private 4,667 Bulldogs Big East
    University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio 1819 1957 1969 Public 42,421 Bearcats The American
    Creighton University Omaha, Nebraska 1878 1928,
    1976[n 1]
    1948,
    2013
    Private 7,730 Bluejays Big East
    University of Detroit[n 2] Detroit, Michigan 1877 1949 1956 Private 5,450 Titans Horizon
    Grinnell College Grinnell, Iowa 1846 1918 1939 Private 1,688 Pioneers Midwest
    (NCAA Division III)
    University of Houston Houston, Texas 1927 1951 1959 Public 39,820 Cougars The American
    University of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa 1847 1907 1908 Public 30,328 Hawkeyes Big Ten
    Iowa State College[n 3] Ames, Iowa 1858 1907 1928 Public 29,887 Cyclones Big 12
    University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas 1865 1907 1928 Public 29,462 Jayhawks Big 12
    Kansas State College[n 4] Manhattan, Kansas 1863 1913 1928 Public 23,863 Wildcats Big 12
    University of Louisville Louisville, Kentucky 1798 1963 1974 Public 19,743 Cardinals ACC
    Memphis State University[n 5] Memphis, Tennessee 1912 1968 1973 Public 23,031 Tigers The American
    University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri 1839 1907 1928 Public 33,805 Tigers SEC
    University of Nebraska Lincoln, Nebraska 1869 1907,
    1921
    1919,
    1928
    Public 24,593 Cornhuskers Big Ten
    New Mexico State University Las Cruces, New Mexico 1888 1970 1983 Public 18,497 Aggies WAC
    North Texas State University[n 6] Denton, Texas 1890 1957 1974 Public 35,694 Mean Green C-USA
    University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma 1890 1919 1928 Public 30,303 Sooners Big 12
    Oklahoma A&M College[n 7] Stillwater, Oklahoma 1890 1925 1956 Public 21,419 Aggies/Cowboys[n 8] Big 12
    Saint Louis University St. Louis, Missouri 1818 1937 1974 Private 13,785 Billikens Atlantic 10
    University of Tulsa Tulsa, Oklahoma 1894 1935 1996 Private 4,165 Golden Hurricane The American
    Washburn University Topeka, Kansas 1865 1935 1942 Public 7,303 Ichabods MIAA
    (NCAA Division II)
    Washington University in St. Louis St. Louis, Missouri 1853 1907 1942 Private 14,070 Bears UAA
    (NCAA Division III)
    West Texas State University[n 9] Canyon, Texas 1910 1972 1985 Public 7,843 Buffaloes Lone Star
    (NCAA Division II)
    Wichita State University Wichita, Kansas 1895 1949 2017 Public 14,495 Shockers The American
    Notes
    1. Creighton previously withdrew from the MVC from 1948–49 to 1975–76
    2. Currently known as the University of Detroit Mercy.
    3. Currently known as Iowa State University.
    4. Currently known as Kansas State University.
    5. Currently known as the University of Memphis.
    6. Currently known as the University of North Texas.
    7. Currently known as Oklahoma State University–Stillwater.
    8. During Oklahoma A&M's tenure in the MVC, the nicknames "Aggies" and "Cowboys" were used interchangeably. When the school adopted its current name in 1957, the "Cowboys" nickname was exclusively adopted.
    9. Currently known as West Texas A&M University.

    Former affiliate members

    This list does not include current full member Valparaiso. As noted above, the Crusaders played women's soccer in the MVC from 1996 to 1998 (ending in the 1998–99 school year).

    Institution Location Founded Joined Left Type Enrollment Nickname Primary Conference MVC Sport(s)
    University of Arkansas at Little Rock Little Rock, Arkansas 1927 1998–99 1999–2000 Public 13,167 Trojans Sun Belt women's soccer
    Belmont University Nashville, Tennessee 1890 2000–01 2000–01 Private 6,374 Bruins OVC
    (Southern Conference for men's soccer)
    men's soccer
    University of Central Arkansas Conway, Arkansas 1907 2010–11 2018–19 Public 13,863 Bears Southland
    (Sun Belt for men's soccer)
    men's soccer
    Drury University Springfield, Missouri 1873 1999–2000 2004–05 Private 5,474 Panthers GLVC
    (NCAA Division II)
    women's soccer
    Eastern Illinois University Charleston, Illinois 1895 1996–97 2010–11 Public 11,651 Panthers OVC
    (Summit League for men's soccer)
    men's soccer
    University of Hartford Hartford, Connecticut 1877 2014–15 2015–16 Private 6,935 Hawks America East men's tennis[lower-alpha 1]
    Southern Illinois University
    Edwardsville
    Edwardsville, Illinois 1957 2010–11 2016–17 Public 14,142 Cougars OVC
    (MAC for men's soccer)
    men's soccer
    Southern Methodist University University Park, Texas 1911 2000–01 2004–05 Private 12,000 Mustangs The American men's soccer
    Stony Brook University Stony Brook, New York 1957 2014–15 2016–17 Public 24,594 Seawolves America East men's tennis[lower-alpha 2]
    Texas Christian University Fort Worth, Texas 1873 2000–01 2000–01 Private 9,518 Horned Frogs Big 12 men's soccer[lower-alpha 3]
    University of Tulsa[lower-alpha 4] Tulsa, Oklahoma 1894 2000–01 2004–05 Private 4,165 Golden Hurricane The American men's soccer
    University of Maryland,
    Baltimore County
    Catonsville, Maryland 1966 2014–15 2015–16 Public 13,908 Retrievers America East men's tennis[lower-alpha 5]
    Vanderbilt University Nashville, Tennessee 1873 1997–98 2005–06 Private 12,714 Commodores SEC men's soccer[lower-alpha 6]
    Western Kentucky University Bowling Green, Kentucky 1906 1997–98 2007–08 Public 21,048 Hilltoppers C-USA men's soccer[lower-alpha 7]
    Notes
    1. Hartford dropped men's tennis after the 2015–16 season.
    2. Stony Brook dropped men's tennis after the 2016–17 season. The school's women's tennis team remains an MVC affiliate.[13]
    3. TCU dropped men's soccer after the 2002 season.
    4. Tulsa, a full member from 1935 to 1996, rejoined the MVC as a men's soccer associate from 2000 to 2005.
    5. UMBC dropped men's tennis after the 2015–16 season.
    6. Vanderbilt dropped men's soccer after the 2005 season.
    7. WKU dropped men's soccer after the 2007 season.


    Membership timeline

    Full members (non-football) (Full members) Assoc. members (football only) Assoc. member (other sports)

    Commissioners

    1. C. E. McClung (1907–19??)[14]
    2. Arthur (Artie) E. Eilers (1925–1957)[14]
    3. Norvell Neve (1957–1969)[14][15]
    4. DeWitt T. Weaver (1969–1972)[14]
    5. Mickey Holmes (1972–1979)[16][14]
    6. David Price (1979–1981)[17][14]
    7. Richard D. Martin (1981–1985)[14]
    8. James A. Haney (1985–1988)[18][14]
    9. Doug Elgin (1988 – present)[14][19]

    Sports

    The Missouri Valley Conference sponsors championship competition in seven men's and ten women's NCAA sanctioned sports.[20] Dallas Baptist is an affiliate for baseball, Little Rock is an affiliate for swimming and diving, and Stony Brook is an affiliate in women's tennis.

    The most recent change to the roster of sports was the dropping of men's tennis after the 2016–17 school year due to a lack of participating teams. Two of the four full conference members that sponsored the sport in that season no longer play men's tennis in the MVC. Southern Illinois dropped both men's and women's tennis,[21] and Wichita State joined the American Athletic Conference. Affiliate member Stony Brook dropped men's tennis after the 2016–17 season. The two remaining MVC men's tennis schools from 2016–17, Drake and Illinois State, joined the Summit League for that sport,[22] and incoming MVC member Valparaiso also joined the Summit League in men's tennis.

    Teams in Missouri Valley Conference competition
    SportMen'sWomen's
    Baseball
    8
    -
    Basketball
    10
    10
    Cross country
    9
    10
    Golf
    9
    10
    Soccer
    6
    8
    Softball
    -
    10
    Swimming & Diving
    -
    8
    Tennis
    -
    7
    Track and field (indoor)
    9
    10
    Track and field (outdoor)
    9
    10
    Volleyball
    -
    10

    Men's sponsored sports by school

    SchoolBaseballBasketballCross
    Country
    GolfSoccerTrack & Field
    (Indoor)
    Track & Field
    (Outdoor)
    Total MVC
    Sports
    BradleyYYYYYYY7
    DrakeNYYYYYY6
    EvansvilleYYYYYYY7
    Illinois StateYYYYNYY6
    Indiana StateYYYNNYY5
    LoyolaNYYYYYY6
    Missouri StateYYNYYNN4
    UNINYYYNYY5
    Southern IllinoisYYYYNYY6
    ValparaisoYYYYYYY7
    Totals7+1[lower-alpha 1]109969959+1
    1. Baseball associate Dallas Baptist.

    Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Missouri Valley Conference which are played by Valley schools:

    SchoolFootballSwimming & DivingTennisVolleyballWrestling
    DrakePioneer LeagueNoSummitNoNo
    EvansvilleNoMACNoNoNo
    Illinois StateMVFCNoSummitNoNo
    Indiana StateMVFCNoNoNoNo
    LoyolaNoNoNoMIVANo
    Missouri StateMVFCMACNoNoNo
    UNIMVFCNoNoNoBig 12
    Southern IllinoisMVFCMACNoNoNo
    ValparaisoPioneer LeagueSummit[lower-alpha 1]SummitNoNo
    1. Valparaiso does not include diving in its intercollegiate aquatics program.

    Women's sponsored sports by school

    SchoolBasketballCross
    Country
    GolfSoccerSoftballSwimmingTennisTrack & Field
    (Indoor)
    Track & Field
    (Outdoor)
    VolleyballTotal MVC
    Sports
    BradleyYYYNYNYYYY8
    DrakeYYYYYNYYYY9
    EvansvilleYYYYYYNYYY9
    Illinois StateYYYYYYYYYY10
    Indiana StateYYYYYYNYYY9
    LoyolaYYYYYNNYYY8
    Missouri StateYYYYYYYYYY10
    UNIYYYYYYYYYY10
    Southern IllinoisYYYYYYNYYY8
    ValparaisoYYYYYY[lower-alpha 1]YYYY10
    Totals1010109107+1[lower-alpha 2]6+1[lower-alpha 3]10101092+2
    1. Valparaiso does not include diving in its intercollegiate aquatics program for either men or women.
    2. Swimming & diving associate Little Rock.
    3. Tennis associate Stony Brook.

    Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Missouri Valley Conference which are played by Valley schools:

    SchoolBeach volleyballBowlingGymnasticsRowing
    DrakeNoNoNoMAAC
    Illinois StateNoNoMICNo
    Missouri StateIndependentNoNoNo
    ValparaisoNoSouthland BowlingNoNo

    Facilities

    School Soccer stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity Softball field Capacity Baseball field Capacity
    Bradley Shea Stadium 3,800 Peoria Civic Center (men)
    Renaissance Coliseum (women)
    11,164
    4,200
    Petersen Hotels Field [23] 1,000 Dozer Park 7,500
    Drake James W. Cownie Soccer Complex 2,000 Knapp Center 7,152 Ron Buel Field 500 Non-baseball school
    Evansville Arad McCutchan Stadium 2,500 Ford Center 10,000 James & Dorothy
    Cooper Stadium
    650 Charles H. Braun Stadium 1,200
    Illinois State Adelaide Street Field 1,000 Redbird Arena 10,200 Marian Kneer
    Softball Stadium
    1,050 Duffy Bass Field 1,200
    Indiana State Non-soccer school Hulman Center 10,200 Price Field At
    Eleanor Forsythe St. John
    Softball Complex
    700 Sycamore Stadium 2,500
    Loyola Loyola Soccer Park 500 Joseph J. Gentile Arena 4,486 Loyola Softball Park 500 Non-baseball school
    Missouri State Betty and Bobby Allison South Stadium 1,000 JQH Arena 11,000 Killian Softball Stadium 1,200 Hammons Field 7,986
    UNI Cedar Valley Soccer Complex N/A McLeod Center 7,018 Robinson-Dresser
    Sports Complex
    N/A Non-baseball school
    Southern Illinois Non-soccer school SIU Arena 8,339 Charlotte West Stadium 502 Abe Martin Field 2,000
    Valparaiso Brown Field 5,000 Athletics–Recreation Center 5,000 Valpo Softball Complex N/A Emory G. Bauer Field 500
    Affiliate members
    Dallas Baptist Baseball-only member Horner Ballpark 2,000
    Note
    1. For the football venues of schools who participate in the sport, see Facilities of the Missouri Valley Football Conference and Facilities of the Pioneer Football League.

    Basketball tournament champions by year

    The Missouri Valley Conference Men's Basketball Championship is often referred to as Arch Madness, in reference to the Gateway Arch at the tournament's present location of St. Louis, Missouri, and a play on "March Madness".

    SeasonMen's ChampionWomen's Champion
    1977Southern IllinoisNo Tournament
    1978CreightonNo Tournament
    1979Indiana StateNo Tournament
    1980BradleyNo Tournament
    1981CreightonNo Tournament
    1982TulsaNo Tournament
    1983Illinois StateIllinois State
    1984TulsaNo Tournament
    1985Wichita StateNo Tournament
    1986TulsaNo Tournament
    1987Wichita StateSouthern Illinois
    1988BradleyEastern Illinois
    1989CreightonIllinois State
    1990Illinois StateSouthern Illinois
    1991CreightonMissouri State
    1992Missouri StateMissouri State
    1993Southern IllinoisMissouri State
    1994Southern IllinoisMissouri State
    1995Southern IllinoisDrake
    1996TulsaMissouri State
    1997Illinois StateIllinois State
    1998Illinois StateIllinois State
    1999CreightonEvansville
    2000CreightonDrake
    2001Indiana StateMissouri State
    2002CreightonCreighton
    2003CreightonMissouri State
    2004UNIMissouri State
    2005CreightonIllinois State
    2006Southern IllinoisMissouri State
    2007CreightonDrake
    2008DrakeIllinois State
    2009UNIEvansville
    2010UNIUNI
    2011Indiana StateUNI
    2012CreightonCreighton
    2013CreightonWichita State
    2014Wichita StateWichita State
    2015UNIWichita State
    2016UNIMissouri State
    2017Wichita StateDrake
    2018Loyola–ChicagoDrake
    2019BradleyMissouri State

    NB: Missouri State was known as Southwest Missouri State until August 2005.

    National team titles by institution

    School – Number – NCAA Championships

    • Bradley – 9 [24]
    • Drake – 3 [24]
    • Evansville – 0+5* [24]
    • Illinois State – 0+1* [24]
    • Indiana State – 1 [24]
    • Loyola University Chicago – 3 [24]
    • Missouri State – 0 +2* [24]
    • UNI – 1+2* [24]
    • Southern Illinois – 5+3* [24]
    • Valparaiso – 0[24]

    NCAA Championships as of March, 2013

    (*-Titles won by schools in Division II/College Division prior to their moving to Division I in the late 1960s or early 1970s.)

    Football poll, Helms and AIAW titles are not included in the NCAA Championship count.

    Men's basketball attendance

    Sources:[25][26][27]

    The Valley is well known for having some of the most dedicated fanbases in all of college basketball, with several members regularly selling out their large arenas on a nightly basis throughout the year. Former member (Creighton) had the sixth highest attendance for Division I in 2012–13 while Bradley, Illinois State, Missouri State, and Indiana State were all among the NCAA's top 100 teams in home attendance.

    In 2010–11, 2011–12, and 2012–13, the Valley maintained its position as the eighth ranked conference in average attendance.

    The Valley made history in March 2007 with record attendance for four days at St. Louis' Scottrade Center as 85,074 fans turned out to watch the five sessions of the tournament. The two sellout crowds of 22,612 for the semifinals and final of the 2007 State Farm Tournament set an all-time attendance record for basketball at the arena and also gave The Valley the distinction of having the largest championship crowd for any of the 30 NCAA conference tournaments in 2007.[28]

    Football champions by year

    See also

    References

    1. https://www.miaa.org/about_the_miaa/history/index
    2. "Merger Creates Dynamite Dozen". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
    3. "MVC in the NCAA and NIT" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-05-08.
    4. Thamel, Pete. "Sources: Wichita State in talks to join AAC". SI.com. Archived from the original on 2017-04-01. Retrieved 2017-04-04.
    5. "Source: Wichita St. eyes 2017 move to AAC". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on 2017-04-02. Retrieved 2017-04-04.
    6. "American Athletic Conference - Wichita State to Become Member of American Athletic Conference". Theamerican.org. 2017-02-21. Archived from the original on 2017-05-14. Retrieved 2017-05-09.
    7. "Missouri Valley Conference - The Valley Invites Valparaiso University". Mvc-sports.com. Archived from the original on 2017-05-13. Retrieved 2017-05-09.
    8. "It's Official. Welcome, Valparaiso" (Press release). Missouri Valley Conference. May 25, 2017. Archived from the original on June 12, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
    9. "US News Education – Best Colleges – Best Graduate Schools – Online Schools – US News". US News & World Report. Archived from the original on 22 February 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
    10. "Loyola University Chicago | Loyola at a Glance Loyola at a Glance". Luc.edu. Archived from the original on 2016-10-14. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
    11. "Missouri State University system sets another fall enrollment record". Archived from the original on 2017-04-16.
    12. "SIU enrollment at lowest point since 1965, data shows". Daily Egyptian. 2016-09-07. Archived from the original on 2016-10-07. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
    13. "Stony Brook Athletics to Discontinue Men's Tennis" (Press release). Stony Brook Seawolves. March 31, 2017. Archived from the original on April 21, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
    14. "2011–12 Missouri Valley Conference women's basketball media guide" (PDF). Missouri Valley Conference. 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
    15. "ACC Jobs Expected To Be Filled". Greensboro, North Carolina: Radford News Journal. April 29, 1969. pp. 8 (on page 5). Retrieved 20 February 2013.
    16. Gregorian, Vahe (September 10, 2012). "FCS foes could pose problems for Mizzou, Illini; Former MVC head dies". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Archived from the original on 13 November 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
    17. Missouri Valley Conference 75 1981 Football/Anniversary Issue. Missouri Valley Conference. p. Page 2.
    18. Weyler, John (March 9, 1988). "Haney Expected to Get PCAA Job : Missouri Valley Commissioner May Be Named This Week". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 15 July 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
    19. "Doug Elgin, current Commissioner". MVC-Sports.com. Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
    20. "Missouri Valley Conference Sports". MVC-Sports.com. Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
    21. Hefferman, Todd (January 26, 2017). "SIU to cut men's and women's tennis, reduce scholarships in men's swimming and diving". The Southern Illinoisan. Carbondale, Illinois. Archived from the original on January 30, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
    22. "Summit League Adds Drake and Illinois State as Men's Tennis Affiliate Members" (Press release). The Summit League. April 11, 2017. Archived from the original on April 19, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
    23. Piers, Ryan (2017-03-31). "Bradley Softball Team To Play On New Field". 1470 WMBD. Archived from the original on 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2017-05-09.
    24. "National Team Titles by Institution" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-03-20. Retrieved 2015-02-28.
    25. "NCAA Men's Basketball Attendance | NCAA.org – The Official Site of the NCAA". NCAA.org. Archived from the original on 2016-09-24. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
    26. "Official NCAA attendance figures". Archived from the original on 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2017-09-05.
    27. "2012-13 NCAA Men's Basketball Records - Attendance" (PDF). NCAA.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-07-05. Retrieved 2017-05-09. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
    28. "MVC official site:"This is the MVC"". Archived from the original on 2010-03-16.
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