Mirna (Sava)

The Mirna is a river in southeastern Slovenia. The river, in which the marathon swimmer Martin Strel first learned to swim,[2] is a right tributary of the Sava River in the province of Lower Carniola. It is 44 kilometers (27 mi) long,[1] starts below the settlement of Velika Preska,[3] flows through the Mirna Valley and joins the Sava at Dolenji Boštanj, opposite Sevnica. The largest settlement on the river is Mirna. The river is traversed by the Sevnica–Trebnje Railway. The river was mentioned for the first time in 1028 in relation to a 1016 document by Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor.[4]

The Mirna River at Mirna Castle, before the confluence with Vejar Creek (downstream view). Mirna Pond to the right is a dammed pond on Vejar Creek.
Physical characteristics
46.0082°N 15.2941°E / 46.0082; 15.2941
Length44 km (27 mi) [1]
Basin size294 km2 (114 sq mi) [1]
Basin features
ProgressionSavaDanubeBlack Sea


The name Mirna is derived through dissimilation from the verb *nyrati 'to arise from the ground'. This is attested by medieval transcriptions of the name containing the letter n (e.g., inter fluenta Nirine in 1016).[5]

The upper part of the river is sometimes named Mirnščica or Mirenščica. The expert on Slovene language Ivan Gregorčič and the geographer Maja Topole have characterised the latter form as incorrect.[6]

See also


  1. Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas, Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. "At age 47, and with Huck Finn in his heart, Slovenian Martin Strel became the first man to swim -- yes, swim -- the Mississippi". CNN.
  3. Nose, Mojca (2006). Regionalna geografija občine Trebnje s poudarkom na prsti in rastlinstvu: diplomsko delo [Regional Geography of the Municipality of Trebnje with Emphasis on the Soil and Vegetation] (PDF) (in Slovenian and English). Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana. pp. 30–31. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-08.
  4. "O Mirni" [About Mirna] (in Slovenian). Municipality of Mirna. 15 April 2016.
  5. Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 263.
  6. Topole, Maja (1998). "Uvod" [Introduction]. Mirnska dolina: regionalna geografija porečja Mirne na Dolenjskem [Mirna Valley: The Regional Geography of the Mirna Basin in the Lower Carniola] (in Slovenian). Scientific Research Centre, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. p. 7. ISBN 961-6182-64-1.

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