Ministry of the Interior (Hawaii)

The Minister of the Interior (Hawaiian: Kuhina Kalaianaina) was a powerful office in the Kingdom of Hawaii, the Provisional Government of Hawaii and the Republic of Hawaii from 1845 to 1900. It made up one of the four offices of the monarchical or presidential cabinet which advised the Head of State of Hawaii on executive affairs. During the monarchy, ministers were also ex-officio members of the Privy Council and the House of Nobles in the legislature. During the republic, ministers were ex-officio members of both houses of the legislature. The head of state had the power to appoint the ministers but later Hawaiian constitutions limited the power the head of state had in removing the cabinet ministers by requiring a vote of no confidence from a majority of the elective members of the legislature. All acts of the head of state had to be countersigned by a minister.

Interior Minister of
the Kingdom (Republic) of Hawaii
Kuhina Kalaianaina
AppointerMonarchs of Hawaii
President of Hawaii
Inaugural holderGerrit P. Judd
Formation1845

Ministers of the Interior

# Name Picture Birth Death Assumed Office Left Office Notes Head of State
1 Gerrit Parmele Judd April 23, 1803 July 12, 1873 March 26, 1845 March 4, 1846 Kamehameha III
2 John Kalaipaihala Young II March 12, 1810 July 18, 1857 March 4, 1846 June 6, 1857 Served as Kuhina Nui from 1845 to 1855 Kamehameha III, Kamehameha IV
3 Lot Kapuāiwa December 11, 1830 December 11, 1872 June 6, 1857 December 24, 1863 Resigned and became King Kamehameha IV
4 George Morison Robertson February 26, 1821 March 12, 1867 December 24, 1863 February 18, 1864 Kamehameha V
5 Charles Gordon Hopkins 1822 1886 February 18, 1864 April 26, 1865 Kamehameha V
6 Ferdinand William Hutchison circa 1819 May 20, 1893 April 26, 1865 January 10, 1873 Kamehameha V, Lunalilo
7 Edwin Oscar Hall October 21, 1810 September 19, 1883 January 10, 1873 February 17, 1874 Lunalilo, Kalākaua
8 Hermann Adam Widemann December 24, 1822 February 7, 1899 February 17, 1874 May 28, 1874 Kalākaua
9 William Lowthian Green September 13, 1819 December 7, 1890 May 28, 1874 October 31, 1874 acting Kalākaua
10 William Luther Moehonua May 5, 1824 September 8, 1878 October 31, 1874 December 5, 1876 Kalākaua
11 John Mott-Smith November 25, 1824 August 10, 1895 December 5, 1876 July 3, 1878 Kalākaua
12 Samuel Gardner Wilder June 20, 1831 July 28, 1888 July 3, 1878 August 14, 1880 Kalākaua
13 John Edward Bush February 15, 1842 June 28, 1906 August 14, 1880 September 27, 1880 1st term Kalākaua
14 Henry Alpheus Peirce Carter August 7, 1837 November 1, 1891 September 27, 1880 May 20, 1882 Kalākaua
15 Simon Kaloa Kaʻai - March 22, 1884 May 20, 1882 August 8, 1882 Kalākaua
16 John Edward Bush February 15, 1842 June 28, 1906 August 8, 1882 May 14, 1883 2nd term Kalākaua
17 Walter Murray Gibson March 6, 1822 January 21, 1888 May 14, 1883 August 6, 1883 (acting from July 6) 1st term (acting from July 6) Kalākaua
18 Charles Thomas Gulick June, 1841 November 7, 1897 August 6, 1883 June 30, 1886 1st term Kalākaua
19 Walter Murray Gibson March 6, 1822 January 21, 1888 June 30, 1886 October 13, 1886 2nd term Kalākaua
20 Luther Aholo c. 1833 March 16, 1888 October 13, 1886 July 1, 1887 Kalākaua
21 Lorrin Andrews Thurston July 31, 1858 May 11, 1931 July 1, 1887 September 27, 1888 1st term Kalākaua
22 Jonathan Austin November 7, 1829 December 7, 1892 September 27, 1888 October 27, 1888 acting Kalākaua
23 Lorrin Andrews Thurston July 31, 1858 May 11, 1931 October 27, 1888 June 17, 1890 2nd term Kalākaua
24 Charles Nichols Spencer 1837 March 6, 1893 June 17, 1890 September 12, 1892 Kalākaua, Liliuokalani
25 Charles Thomas Gulick June, 1841 November 7, 1897 September 12, 1892 November 1, 1892 2nd term Liliuokalani
26 George Norton Wilcox August 15, 1839 January 21, 1933 November 8, 1892 January 12, 1893 Liliuokalani
27 John Francis Colburn September 30, 1859 March 16, 1920 January 13, 1893 January 17, 1893 Liliuokalani
28 James Anderson King December 4, 1832 October 16, 1899 January 17, 1893 March 4, 1898 President Dole
29 Henry Ernest Cooper August 28, 1857 May 15, 1929 March 4, 1898 July 1, 1898 acting President Dole
30 James Anderson King December 4, 1832 October 16, 1899 July 1, 1898 October 16, 1899 President Dole
31 Alexander Young December 14, 1833 July 2, 1910 October 27, 1899 May 18, 1900 President Dole

See also

Other members of the Hawaiian Cabinet

Sources

  • Cahoon, Benl (ed.). "Hawaiian Governments 1795-1900". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved February 19, 2010.
  • William Fremont Blackman (1906). "Appendix A. List of Hawaiian Officials". The Making of Hawaii: a Study in Social Evolution. The Macmillan Company. pp. 241–243.
  • Newbury, Colin (2001). "Patronage and Bureaucracy in the Hawaiian Kingdom, 1840–1893". Pacific Studies. Laie, HI: Brigham Young University, Hawaii Campus. 24 (1–2): 1–38. OCLC 607265842. Archived from the original on 2012-04-15.
  • Thomas G. Thrum (1890). "A List of All the Cabinet Ministers Who Have Held Office in the Hawaiian Kingdom". All about Hawaii. Honolulu: Honolulu Star-Bulletin. pp. 92–97.
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