Ministry of National Defense (South Korea)

The Ministry of National Defense (MND, Korean: 국방부) is a department within the government of South Korea (ROK) and responsible for the military branches of South Korea. It was established on 15 August 1948[1] and located at Yongsan-dong, Yongsan District, Seoul.[2] The ministry was established following the foundation of ROK in 1948, superseding the Department of Internal Security (DIS, 국내경비부) in charge of Korean armed forces under the United States Army Military Government (USAMGIK) during the Allied occupation era.[3]

Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of Korea
국방부
國防部
Gukbang-bu
Agency overview
Formed15 August 1948 (1948-08-15)
JurisdictionGovernment of South Korea
HeadquartersYongsan-gu, Seoul, South Korea
Ministers responsible
WebsiteOfficial website

Agencies

List of ministers

  Denotes acting minister
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Duration Defence branch President
1 Lee Beom-seok
이범석
李範奭

(1900–1972)
15 August 194820 March 1949 217 days Korean Liberation Army
Rhee Syng-man
2 Shin Song-mo
신성모
申性模

(1891–1960)
21 March 19495 May 1951 2 years, 45 days Korean Liberation Army
3 Lee Ki-poong
이기붕
李起鵬

(1896–1960)
7 May 195129 March 1952 327 days Civilian
4 Shin Tae-young
신태영
申泰英

(1891–1959)
29 March 195230 June 1953 1 year, 93 days  Republic of Korea Army
5 Sohn Won-yil
손원일
孫元一

(1909–1980)
30 June 195326 May 1956 2 years, 331 days  Republic of Korea Navy
6 Kim Yong-woo
김용우
金用雨

(1912–1985)
26 May 19566 July 1957 1 year, 41 days Civilian
7 Kim Chung-yul
김정렬
金貞烈

(1917–1992)
6 July 19572 May 1960 2 years, 301 days  Republic of Korea Air Force
8 Lee Jong-chan
이종찬
李鐘贊

(1916–1983)
2 May 196023 August 1960 113 days  Republic of Korea Army
Yun Bo-seon
9 Hyun Suk-ho
현석호
玄錫虎

(1907–1988)
23 August 196012 September 1960 20 days Civilian
10 Kwon Joong-don
권중돈
權仲敦

(1912–1985)
12 September 196030 January 1961 140 days Civilian
(9) Hyun Suk-ho
현석호
玄錫虎

(1907–1988)
30 January 196118 May 1961 108 days Civilian
11 Jang Do-young
장도영
張都暎

(1923–2012)
20 May 19616 June 1961 17 days  Republic of Korea Army
Shin Eung-gyun
신응균
申應均

(1921–1996)
(acting)
6 June 196112 June 1961 6 days  Republic of Korea Army
12 Song Yo-chan
송요찬
宋堯讚

(1918–1980)
12 June 196110 July 1961 28 days  Republic of Korea Army
13 Park Byung-kwon
박병권
朴炳權

(1920–2005)
10 July 196116 March 1963 1 year, 249 days  Republic of Korea Army

Park Chung-hee
(acting)
14 Kim Sung-eun
김성은
金聖恩

(1924–2007)
16 March 196327 February 1968 4 years, 348 days Republic of Korea Marine Corps

Park Chung-hee
15 Choi Young-hee
최영희
崔榮喜

(1921–2006)
28 February 19685 August 1968 159 days  Republic of Korea Army
16 Im Chung-sik
임충식
任忠植

(1922–1974)
5 August 196810 March 1970 1 year, 217 days  Republic of Korea Army
17 Chung Rae-hyuk
정래혁
丁來赫

(born 1926)
10 March 197025 August 1971 1 year, 168 days  Republic of Korea Army
18 Yu Jae-hung
유재흥
劉載興

(1921–2011)
25 August 19713 December 1973 2 years, 100 days  Republic of Korea Army
19 Seo Jong-chul
서종철
徐鐘喆

(1924–2010)
3 December 197320 December 1977 4 years, 17 days  Republic of Korea Army
20 Roh Jae-hyun
노재현
盧載鉉

(1926–2019)
20 December 197714 December 1979 1 year, 359 days  Republic of Korea Army
21 Joo Young-bok
주영복
周永福

(unknown)
14 December 197921 May 1982 2 years, 158 days  Republic of Korea Air Force
Choi Kyu-hah

Chun Doo-hwan
22 Yoon Sung-min
윤성민
尹誠敏

(1926–2017)
21 May 19828 January 1986 3 years, 232 days  Republic of Korea Army
23 Lee Ki-paik
이기백
李基百

(born 1931)
8 January 198614 July 1987 1 year, 187 days  Republic of Korea Army
24
Chung Ho-yong
정호용
鄭鎬溶

(born 1932)
14 July 198725 February 1988 226 days  Republic of Korea Army
25 Oh Ja-bok
오자복
吳滋福

(1930–2017)
25 February 19884 December 1988 283 days  Republic of Korea Army
Roh Tae-woo
26 Lee Sang-hoon
이상훈
李相薰

(born 1933)
4 December 19888 October 1990 1 year, 308 days  Republic of Korea Army
27 Lee Jong-gu
이종구
李鐘九

(born 1935)
8 October 199020 December 1991 1 year, 73 days  Republic of Korea Army
28 Choi Se-chang
최세창
崔世昌

(born 1934)
20 December 199126 February 1993 1 year, 68 days  Republic of Korea Army
29 Kwon Young-hae
권영해
權寧海

(unknown)
26 February 199322 December 1993 299 days  Republic of Korea Army
Kim Young-sam
30 Lee Byung-tae
이병태
李炳台

(unknown)
22 December 199324 December 1994 1 year, 2 days  Republic of Korea Army
31 Lee Yang-ho
이양호
李養鎬

(unknown)
24 December 199418 October 1996 1 year, 299 days  Republic of Korea Air Force
32 Kim Dong-jin
김동진
金東鎭

(born 1938)
18 October 19963 March 1998 1 year, 136 days  Republic of Korea Army
33 Chun Yong-taek
천용택
千容宅

(born 1937)
3 March 199824 May 1999 1 year, 82 days  Republic of Korea Army
Kim Dae-jung
34 Cho Song-tae
조성태
趙成台

(born 1942)
24 May 199926 March 2001 1 year, 306 days  Republic of Korea Army
35
Kim Dong-shin
김동신
金東信

(born 1941)
26 March 200112 July 2002 1 year, 108 days  Republic of Korea Army
36 Lee Jun
이준
李俊

(born 1940)
12 July 200227 February 2003 230 days  Republic of Korea Army
37 Cho Yung-kil
조영길
曺永吉

(born 1940)
27 February 200329 July 2004 1 year, 153 days  Republic of Korea Army
Roh Moo-hyun
38 Yoon Kwang-ung
윤광웅
尹光雄

(born 1942)
29 July 200424 November 2006 2 years, 118 days  Republic of Korea Navy
39
Kim Jang-soo
김장수
金章洙

(born 1948)
24 November 200629 February 2008 1 year, 97 days  Republic of Korea Army
40 Lee Sang-hee
이상희
李相憙

(born 1945)
29 February 200822 September 2009 1 year, 206 days  Republic of Korea Army
Lee Myung-bak
41 Kim Tae-young
김태영
金泰榮

(born 1949)
23 September 20094 December 2010 1 year, 72 days  Republic of Korea Army
42
Kim Kwan-jin
김관진
金寬鎭

(born 1949)
4 December 201030 June 2014 3 years, 208 days  Republic of Korea Army

Park Geun-hye
43 Han Min-goo
한민구
韓民求

(born 1951)
30 June 201413 July 2017 3 years, 13 days  Republic of Korea Army
44 Song Young-moo
송영무
宋永武

(born 1949)
13 July 201721 September 2018 1 year, 70 days  Republic of Korea Navy
Moon Jae-in
45 Jeong Kyeong-doo
정경두
鄭景斗

(born 1960)
21 September 2018Incumbent 1 year, 79 days  Republic of Korea Air Force

Criticism

The Ministry of National Defense is allegedly active in military-level censorship such as book banning[5] and screening of mobile apps[6] within the military hierarchy. It has also agreed to respect the results from its Special Investigation Committee on Gwangju Uprising in which MD Helicopters MD 500 and UH-1H were used to fire on protesting citizens.[7]

See also

References

  1. "History of Ministry of National Defense" ROK Ministry of National Defense Retrieved 2012-04-11
  2. "Location." (Archive) Ministry of National Defense. Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Yongsan-dong 3 Ga, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, 140-701"
  3. 나종남 (2013), "<제6주제-국방> 대한민국 국군의 창설과 성장, 1945~1955: '創軍史'에서 '建軍史'로", 대한민국 정부수립과 국가체제 구축 연구용역 : 용역 최종보고서 (in Korean), National Museum of Korean Contemporary History, p. 220
  4. Pike, John. "Korea - Military Personnel". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  5. Kim, Eun-jung (8 February 2012). "Constitutional Court upholds ban on 'seditious books' in military". Yonhap News. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  6. Bae, Ji-sook (7 February 2012). "Military to screen all mobile apps". Korean Herald. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  7. "5 · 18 Special Committee "Confirmation of military helicopter shooting"". National Defense Daily. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
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